4406 entries. 94 themes. Last updated December 26, 2016.

Timeline Outline ViewEra: 1400 - 1450   |   Theme: All Themes


1402 – 1405
This drawing, from Kyeser's 'Bellifortis,' depicts Alexander the Great holding a rocket. The legend of Alexander was a personal facination for Kyeser. (View Larger)
The First 15th Century Illustrated Treatise on Technology
The seal of the Guild of Stationers.
The Guild of Stationers is Founded
1403 – 1408
A page of the Yongle Encyclopedia. (View Larger)
The Yongle Encyclopedia in 11,095 Volumes, Organized Following a Rhyming…
Circa 1404 – 1438
Several pages from the indecipherable Voynich Manuscript. (View Larger)
The Voynich Manuscript: Uncrackable Code or Great Written Hoax? Progress…
1408The First Dated Example of Poggio's Humanistic Script Circa 1410 – 1415
A facsimile version of the Squarcialupi Codex. (View Larger)
The Largest Primary Source for Music of the Trecento
Circa 1410 – 1430The Bedford Hours and its History 1411 – 1419
The De Virga world map. (View Larger
Medieval Mappa Mundi, Stolen during an Auction
Circa 1413 – 1416
Folio 64v of Les Très Riches Heures, for the month of June. (View Larger)
Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry
Circa 1415 – 1420Portable Medieval English Information Retrieval Device Circa 1415 – 1421One of the Oldest Surviving Collections of English Part Music 1417Earliest Known European Textile Printer 1417 – 1473
Architectural frontispiece of the illuminated manuscript of De rerum natura produced in 1483 by Girolamo di Matteo de Tauris for Pope Sixtus IV. The Pope's arms are at the foot of the page.
Poggio Rediscovers Lucretius's De rerum natura
1418 – 1423
St. Christopher woodcut, 1423.
The Earliest Dated European Woodblock Print
The Stuttgart Cards. Originally in the collections of the dukes of Bavaria, these are considered amongst the earliest surviving sets of playing cards.  They date from around 1430. A study of the watermarks in the paper revealed that the patper came from the Ravensburg paper mill and was made between 1427 and 1431.
Printing Playing Cards
1419 – 1449Technological Manuscripts by the Sienese Archimedes Circa 1420 – 1470
An image of Moses from the Book of Leviticus: folio 141v of a manuscript bible produced in the workshop of the scribe Diebold Lauber. (View Larger)
Serial Workshop Production of Medieval Manuscripts
Circa 1420
Folio 2r of Bellicorum instrumentorum liber, showing an 'Oriental siege machine.' (View Larger)
One of the Earliest Surviving Italian Manuscripts on Technology and War…
April 5, 1422 – June 2, 1430The Alba Bible, A Spectacular Record of Religious Tolerance December 15, 1423The Largest and Finest Collection of Greek Texts before Bessarion's 1427 – 1479
The Aztec Calendar Stone. (View Larger)
The Aztec Calendar Stone
Circa 1430The Aztec Emperor Itzcoatl Orders the Burning of All Historical Codices 1434
MS 2923 of the Schoyen collection: the collected works of T'ang Liu, printed in Chinese with moveable type in Seoul, 1438. (View Larger)
A Bronze Type Font of 100,000 Pieces and Later 200,000 Pieces
Page 145b of A Mariner's Knowledge, by Michael of Rhodes, depicting a completed galley ship.
The Earliest Known Treatise on Shipbuilding
1435 – 1455
A rendition of the Martyrdom of St. Sebastian by the Master of Playing Cards, preserved at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. (View Larger)
The Earliest Known Artist to Produce Copperplate Engravings
Circa 1436
A portrait of Louis III by Johann David Werl.
Origins of the Bibliotheca Palatina
1436 – 1438"The Book of Margery Kempe," The First Autobiography Written in English 1437 – 1441
A statue of Leon Lattista Alberti in the Uffizi museum. (View Larger)
The Earliest Grammar of a Romance Language
July 31, 1437Description of Textile Printing and Manuscript Illumination as Well as Painting 1438 – 1444
Johannes Gutenberg. (View Larger)
Gutenberg Begins Experimentation on Printing
A depiction of the Donation of Constantine in the Apostolic Palace, Vatican City, by an artist of Raphael's studio. (View Larger)
Lorenzo Valla Proves that the Donation of Constantine is a Forgery
Circa 1440 – 1475From About 1440 -1470 the Production of Manuscript Books Increased; From 1471 to 1490, with the Increase of Printed Book Production, Manuscript Book Production Declined 1440Vespasiano da Bisticci, Leading Bookseller of Florence Before the Era of Print 1441
Eighteen cards from a pack of an early form of north Italian playing cards, with the swords back-to-back and curved outwards. Believed to be Venetian, dated 1462.
Card Printing in Venice Has Outside Competition
1441 – 1473"The Imitation of Christ" Circa 1442Origins of the Three-Period Framework of History: Ancient, Middle Ages, and Modern 1443 – 1452The First Theoretical Work on Architecture Written During the Italian Renaissance 1444
The library at the Dominican Convent of San Marco, designed by Michelozzo. (View Larger)
The First "Public" Library in Renaissance Europe
1444 – 1471Flavio Biondo Writes the First Guidebook to the Ruins of Ancient Rome, Launching the New Archaeology of the Renaissance 1444 – 1450The Yates Thompson MS 36 of Dante's Divine Comedy 1447 – 1452
The entrance to the Biblioteca Malatestiana. (View Larger)
The First European Civic Library; The Only Completely Preserved 15th Century…
1448The First Concordance of the Hebrew Bible 1448 – 1458The First Historical Geography 1449
Henry VI. (View Larger)
The First English Patent for an Invention
Circa 1449 – 1472
Detail of painting showing presentation by Jean Miélot to
The Most Extensively Portrayed Late Medieval Scribe and Author
1450 – 1571
A woodcut from the Nuremburg Chronicle, showing Erfurt, 1493.
The Library of Hartmann Schedel, One of the Largest Libraries Formed by an Individual in the 15th Century
Circa 1450
The Göttingen Model Book, dating to the mid-15th century, contains instructions for the ornamentation of books and the creation of pigments. These methods can be seen in practice in several early Gutenberg Bibles. (View Larger)
Model Book for Manuscript and Printed Book Illumination
Circa 1450
The Fra Mauro map, created by the monk around 1450, is oriented with the South at the top, and depicts Asia, Africa, and Europe. The artistry is exceptionally detailed, and quite acurate for its time. (View Larger)
"The Greatest Memorial of Medieval Cartography"
1450 – 1460
Detail of page from Philip the Good's Book of Hours.  Please click to view entire image.
The Hours of Philip the Good, Illuminated with Miniatures Using the Grisaille Technique
1450 – 1600A Summary of Printed Outputs Throughout Europe, 1450-1600