4406 entries. 94 themes. Last updated December 26, 2016.

Timeline Outline ViewEra: 1800 - 1850   |   Theme: All Themes


Circa 1800By this Stage in the Industrial Revolution All Phases of Cloth Production Are Performed by Machines 1800Phasing Out Latin as the International Language Circa 1800Earl Stanhope Invents the First Completely Iron Printing Press Circa 1800 – 1820The Gradual Disappearance of the Long S in Typography 1800 – 1802Mathias Koops Issues the First Book Printed on Recycled Paper, with an Appendix Printed on Paper Made from Wood Pulp Circa 1800Maillardet's Automaton Circa 1800 – 1840Economic & Technological Advances Spur the Development of Newspapers in the U.S. April 24, 1800President John Adams Signs Initial Funding of the Library of Congress 1801The First Edition of the Qur'an Printed by Muslims is Issued in Kazan 1801 – 1821Joseph-Marie Jacquard's Loom Uses Punched Cards to Store Patterns 1801The First Census of England, Scotland and Wales is Undertaken 1801Karl Friedrich Gauss, the Prince of Mathematicians, Issues Disquisitiones arithmeticae 1801William Playfair Invents the Pie Chart 1801
A portrait of Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck
Lamarck Issues the First Published Statement of Lamarckism
December 18, 1801First Report on the Organization of the Library of Congress 1802 – 1818François Antoine Rauch Writes in Harmony with the Modern Ecology Movement 1802Bowditch Issues the "New American Practical Navigator" 1802George Howe Issues the First Book Printed in Australia April 1802 – October 1803The First Catalogue of the Library of Congress is Published 1803Joseph Jérôme de Lalande Compiles the First Major Chronological Bibliography of Any Science March 5, 1803George Howe Begins Publication of the "Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser", the First Newspaper in Australia April 1803 – March 1804The First World Atlas Printed by Muslims November 30, 1803Francisco Javier de Balmis Undertakes the First International Health-Care Expedition 1804Nicholas-Théodore de Saussure Demonstrates that the Carbon Content of Soil is Produced by Vegetation 1804 – 1805The First Practical Manual on Antiquarian Bookselling 1805Adrien-Marie Legendre Publishes the Method of Least Squares 1805Humboldt & Bonpland Describe Geographical-Ecological Plant Associations 1806 – 1821Méchain, Delambre, Biot & Arago Calculate the Meter (Metre) Scientifically 1806 – 1828Noah Webster Compiles the First Dictionary of American English 1806Ralph Wedgwood Invents Carbon Paper January 10, 1806The First Illustration is Printed in "The Times" of London 1807William Wilberforce Crusades for the Abolition of Slavery in the British Empire 1807 – 1812Thomas Cobb Invents a Machine for Manufacturing Paper in Separate Sheets June 9, 1807John Thomas Smith Publishes the First Steel-Engraved and the First Lithographed Book Illustrations 1808 – 1827John Dalton Publishes the First Periodic Table of the Elements 1809 – 1810George Cayley Founds Aerodynamics & Invents the Airplane 1809Binny & Ronaldson Issue the First American Type Specimen 1809
A portrait of Jean-Baptiste Lamarck by Charles Thévenin
Lamarck's Most Extensive Exposition of his Theory of the Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics
1810Nicholas Appert Issues the First Book on Modern Food Preservation Methods 1810 – 1865Brunet Compiles "Manuel du libraire," "The Best and Last of the General Rare Book Bibliographies" 1811The First English Book Entirely on Bookbinding 1811The First Papermaking Machine is Set Up in France November 11, 1811 – January 12, 1813The Ludd Riots Occur June 16, 1812The Roxburghe Club, the Oldest Society of Bibliophiles is Founded 1813 – 1817Clymer's Columbian Press, Perhaps the First Great American Contribution to Printing Technology 1813John William Lewin Issues the First Illustrated Book Published in Australia 1814Joseph Adams Issues a Pioneering Work on Medical Genetics August 25, 1814The Library of Congress is Destroyed During the War of 1812 Circa September 1814Thomas Jefferson's Library Becomes the Core of the New Library of Congress September – November 1814Francis Scott Key Issues "The Star Spangled Banner" 1815The First Literary Magazine is Published in the United States January 1815Congress Buys Thomas Jefferson's Library November 1815George Watterson Issues the First Extensive Catalogue of the Library of Congress 1816Francis Ronalds Builds the First Working Electric Telegraph 1816"Egyptian": The First Commercially Produced Sans-Serif Typeface 1816 – 1818Edward Cowper Introduces Key Steps in Speeding up Cylinder Printing 1817David Ricardo Explains the Distribution of Wealth, Including How it Applies to the Value of Rare Books 1817The First Book is Printed in Persia (Iran) 1817Thomas Gilpin Sets Up the First Papermaking Machine in America, & the First Items Printed on his Machine-Made Paper June 12, 1817Karl Drais Invents the Two-Wheeled Bicycle- the First Personalized Mechanical Transport 1818William Charles Wells Publishes the First Recognizable Statement of the Theory of Natural Selection 1818Cornelius Van Winkle Issues the First American Printer's Manual 1818 – 1824Mairet Issues a Manual of Lithography, Bookbinding, and Cleaning and Restoring Paper 1819James Watt's Workshop, a Time-Capsule of Technology 1819
William Lawrence
William Lawrence Describes the Natural History of Man
1819 – 1829The Earliest Known Dust Jacket 1819The First Prayer Book of Reform Judaism July 1819The First Lithograph Printed in the United States December 1, 1819Foundation of the First Business School 1820
Charles Xavier Thomas' Arithometer.
The Thomas Arithmometer, the First Commercially Produced Mechanical Calculator
1820"The Book of Life: A Bibliographical Melody" 1820 – 1822The Hetton Colliery Railway, the First Railway that Uses No Animal Power 1821 – 1825The Earliest Publisher's Cloth Bindings, Issued by William Pickering February 22, 1821Foundation of the Ecole nationale des chartes 1822Babbage Begins Construction of his Difference Engine No. 1 1822The Fourier Series 1822
Title page of Illustrations and Proofs of the Principle of Population: Including an Examination of the Proposed Remedies of Mr. Malthus, and a Reply to the Objections of Mr. Godwin and Others.
Francis Place Founds the Birth Control Movement
1822William Church Invents the First Machine for Type Composition 1822The First American Book with Lithographed Illustrations September 22, 1822Champollion Deciphers Egyptian Hieroglyphs December 1822The First Indigenous Arabic Press in Egypt December 20, 1822Invention of the Mechanical Pencil 1823The Contributions of Thomas Young Toward Deciphering Egyptian Hieroglyphs 1823 – 1826The Double Publication of the Double Elephant Folio of Anatomy 1823William Clowes Introduces High Speed Printing in Book Production 1824"The Harrisburg Pennsylvanian" Conducts the First Opinion Poll 1824First Description of the Greenhouse Effect 1824Foundation of Animal Ecology 1825 – 1842The English Church Missionary Society Establishes a Press in Malta to Print Books in Arabic & Turkish Circa 1825Roughly 600 Books Year are Produced in the U.K. 1825 – 1869The First Tentative Assertion of the Antiquity of Man in England September 27, 1825The First Publically Subscribed Passenger Railroad November 7, 1825"Diario de Pernambuco", The First Newspaper Published in South America 1826Babbage Describes the Logic and Operation of Machinery by Means of Notation 1826The First Ecological Experiment; Source of Darwin's Principle of Divergence 1826 – 1827The Earliest Surviving Photograph: A Process that Never "Caught On" 1827Discovery of the Mammalian Ovum 1827The First "Leaf Book" 1827William Burn Invents The Rolling Press for Bookbinders, the First Machine Used in the Bookbinding Trade 1828Discovery of Brownian Motion 1828The First "Livre d'Artiste," Illustrated by Delacroix July 4, 1828 – May 24, 1830The First Common Carrier Railroad in the United States 1829 – September 15, 1830The First Inter-City Passenger Railway Hauled by Steam Locomotives, Reaching 24 Miles Per Hour 1829The First U.S. Steam Locomotive 1829The Braille System of Printing and Reading for the Blind 1829
Replica of Burt Typographer.
Typing a Letter Takes Longer than Writing by Hand
1829 – 1830 Nicolai Ivanovitch Lobachevskii Invents Non-Euclidean Geometry 1829The First Illustrated Antiquarian Bookseller's Catalogue 1830 – 1853The First Attempt Since that of Montfaucon (1739) to Publish a Union Catalogue of Manuscripts in European Libraries 1831The Basis for Electricity Generation 1831Identified on his Calling Cards as "The Discoverer of Natural Selection" 1831Writer & Publisher Charles Knight Explains How Mechanized Printing Delivers Information Faster & at Costs Affordable to All 1832 – 1835Babbage's "On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures" Begins Operations Research 1832Yisrael & Nissan Bak Operate the First Press in Palestine Since About 1577 1832 – 1833Janos Bolyai Independently Invents Non-Euclidean Geometry 1832Rafinesque Deciphers the Mayan System of Counting 1832 – 1837The First Lithographed Books Printed in Persia are Issued 1832 – 1845Exploiting the New Technology of Mechanized Printing, Charles Knight Publishes "The Penny Magazine," Britain's First Low Priced Mass-Circulation Magazine 1832The Earliest Known Printed Dust Jacket (Now Lost) 1832 – 1834The Phenakistoscope, the First Device to Demonstrate the Illusion of a Moving Image 1832 – 1834One of the First Applications of Spatial Analysis in Epidemology January 1832 – 1833John Murray's "The Works of Lord Byron", the First Gilt-Stamped Cloth Edition Bindings September 1832Korsakov is Probably the First to Use Punched Cards for Information Processing and Storage 1833William Whewell Coins the Term "Scientist" 1833The First Great American Contribution to Physiology 1834 – 1841Theory of the Ice Age; Global Cooling and Warming 1834 – 1835The First Commercially Viable Method of Color Printing 1835Quetelet's Statistical Study of the "Average Man" 1835 – 1879The First Manuals to Discuss "Machine Printing" as a Reflection of the Spread of New Technology 1835The First Complete Printed Edition in Arabic of the Thousand and One Nights 1836The First Comprehensive Guide to Collecting Autographs 1836Coriolis Solves Differential Equations Using a Mechanical Device 1836Origins of the National Library of Medicine 1836Probably the First Book on a Secular Subject Printed in Arabic in Middle East 1836Christian Thomsen Founds the "Three-Age" System in Archaeology 1837Origins of the Morse Code 1837 – 1840The Penny Post: Perhaps the Greatest Single Stimulus to Written Communication 1837 – 1871Sir Thomas Phillipps, the Greatest Private Collector of Manuscripts in the 19th Century, and Maybe Ever 1837Pitman Shorthand, & The First "Correspondence Course" July 25, 1837 – January 1, 1845Ronalds, Cooke & Wheatstone Develop the First Commercial Electric Telegraph 1838Mathematical Model of a Continuously Growing Population 1838Foundation of the Public Record Office 1838Foundation of the Cell Theory 1838 – 1845Charles Knight Invents "Illuminated Printing" & Offers Printed Color Plates at a Low Price for the Mass Market 1839
Portrait of Jacquard woven in silk on a Jacquard loom.
The Most Famous Image in the Early History of Computing
1839Foundation of the First Parcel Express Agency in the U.S. January 7 – August 19, 1839Daguerreotypes: The First Commonly Used Photographic Process January 31, 1839The First Separate Publication on Photography Circa October 1839Perhaps the First "Selfie" Photograph October 19 – October 25, 1839George Bradshaw Issues the First Railway Timetable 1840 – 1843Luigi Menabrea Publishes the First Computer Programs, Designed for Babbage's Analytical Engine. Ada Lovelace Translates them Into English 1840Probably the World's Oldest Picture Postcard 1840 – 1842Young & Delcambre's "Pianotype" : The First Composing Machine That Was Actually Used, and the First Books Printed from its Typesetting 1840Exceptionally Wide Commemoration of the Quatercentenary of Gutenberg 1840Production of the First Protein Crystals May 1, 1840The Penny Black June 1840Cantata by Mendelssohn to Honor Gutenberg 1841Charles MacKay Issues an Exposition of Financial Bubbles 1841Panizzi's 91 Rules for Standardizing the Cataloguing of Books 1841The First American Book with Chromolithographed Illustrations October 1841 – October 25, 1845The Invention of Anastatic Printing Enables Inexpensive Facsimiles and Pirated Editions 1842The Basis for Blueprints 1842Christian Doppler States the Doppler Principle (Doppler Shift, Doppler Effect) 1842
A portrait of Japetus Steenstrup 
Steenstrup's Theory of Alternation of Generations or Metagenesis
May 14, 1842"The Illustrated London News", the First Fully Illustrated Weekly Newspaper, Begins Publication December 17, 1842"Family Herald", The First Periodical Typeset, Printed and Bound Entirely by Machine, Begins Publication 1843 – 1857The Contributions of the Scheutz Brothers to the Early History of Difference Engines and the Calculating and Printing of Mathematical Tables 1843 – 1844One of the Earliest Photographs of Books 1843 – 1846Neptune: The First Planet Discovered by Mathematical Rather than Observational Means: Discovered Simultaneously by Le Verrier and Adams 1843 – 1865Possibly the First Book Written During Hand Typesetting Rather than on Paper April 7, 1843Michael Faraday on Decay in Leather Bookbindings May 1, 1843The First Commercial Christmas Card October 1843The First Published Computer Programs, Translated and Augmented by Lord Byron's Daughter October 1843 – 1853The First Book Illustrated with Photographs October 1, 1843"The News of the World", a Newspaper for the Newly Literate Working Classes, Begins Publication 1844The First Full-Length Exposition in English of an Evolutionary Theory of Biology is Published Anonymously 1844 – 1845Foundation of Microphotography; Landmark in Hematology, Oncology, and Pathology May 24, 1844Morse Transmits the First Message by Morse Code June 1844 – April 1846The First Photographically Illustrated Book Commercially Published. October 26, 1844 – August 1845Friedrich Keller Rediscovers Paper Making from Wood Pulp & Industrializes the Process 1845The First Annotated Bibliography of the History of Economics August 14, 1845Mechanization of Punch-Cutting for Printing Types 1846The Horizontal Rotary Press Accelerates Printing 1846Beginning of the American Conservation Movement 1846 – 1849Boucher de Perthes' Pioneering Treatise on the Antiquity of Man 1846Alfred Bonnardot Issues the First Book on the Restoration of Rare Books and their Bindings 1846 – 1849First Installments of the First Government-Sponsored National Union Catalogue of Manuscripts 1846The First Periodical Issued With a Mounted Paper Photograph October 16 – November 18, 1846Discovery of Surgical Anesthesia December 1, 1846The Introduction of Anesthesia in Obstetrics 1847Sending Weather Information by Telegraph 1847 – 1854George Boole Develops Boolean Algebra 1847The First Scientific Instrument to Record Scientific Information in Real Time 1847The First Separately Published Bibliography on the History of Science 1847The Earliest Photographs of War 1847The Relationship Between Optical Activity, Crystalline Structure and Chemical Composition 1847 – 1965Aspects of Concordance Production Before and During the Early Years of Computerization September 30, 1847Marsh's First Publication on Ecology 1848The First Publically Supported Municipal Library in the U.S. 1848The Associated Press is Founded 1848The First Mechanical Printing Press Arrives in Japan 1848Spencerian Script Begins 1848Foundation of the Boston Public Library February 1848The French Revolution of 1848 in Europe's Year of Revolutions February 21, 1848The Communist Manifesto May 30, 1848The First of the Industrial Insurance Companies that Processed Immense Amounts of Data November 1, 1848The Railroad also Becomes an Information Distribution Network 1849Application of Jacquard Punched Paper Technology to Typesetting Machinery 1849 – 1853The First Index to Periodical LIterature July 23, 1849Report on Select Committee on Public Libraries November 3, 1849"Notes and Queries", An Early Newsgroup, Begins Publication 1850 – November 13, 1851The Brett Brothers Lay the First Telegraph Cable between England and France 1850 – 1858Paul Julius Reuter Founds the Reuters News Service Circa 1850Flong as an "Immutable Form of Information Capture" 1850 – 1937Incunabula of the Zulu Language, and a Zulu Beadwork Love Letter 1850 – 1858Robert Mallet Founds the Science of Seismology August 14, 1850The Public Libraries Act of 1850