4406 entries. 94 themes. Last updated December 26, 2016.

Timeline Outline ViewEra: 800 - 900   |   Theme: All Themes


Circa 800
The Book of Kells.
The Book of Kells
Circa 800
Folio f32v of Harley 2767, the document from which most manuscripts of De architectura were copied. (View Larger)
The Archetype of De architectura
Circa 800Some of the Earliest Library Catalogs Were Introduced in Baghdad 800 – 830
Example of Carolingian minuscule script.
Adoption of the Carolingian Minuscule Brought the Destruction of Many Late Roman Manuscripts
Circa 800
The Rök Runestone, believed to be the earliest Sweedish writing, makes reference to Ostrogothic King, Theodoric the Great.
The First Written Swedish Literature
Circa 800The Oldest Surviving Manuscript Written on Arab Paper 800 – 860"Mass Production" of Bibles at Tours: A "New" Development in Medieval Book Production Circa 810
One of the most outsanding illumated manuscripts of De luadibus sanctae crucis, preserved in the Vatican Library, depicting Christ. (View Larger)
Carmina Figurata Word Pictures
815 – 835
A page from the Uspensky Gospels. (View Larger)
The Earliest Surviving Dated Manuscript Written in Greek Minuscule
Circa 816 – 841
A portrait of Matthew from the Ebbo Gospels. (View Larger)
An Unusual, Energetic Style of Illustration
Circa 816 – 850
Page from Utretch Psalter.
The Utrecht Psalter, "The Most Frequently Studied of All Illuminated Books"
Circa 818 – 1600The Leiden Aratea Manuscript of Ancient Constellations & the First Printed Facsimile of a Medieval Illuminated Manuscript Circa 820 – 830
Leaf 2r of the Stuttgart Psalter (Folio Bible 23 in the Wurttenmbergische Landesbibliothek). (View Larger)
"A Perfect Relationship between Text and Picture"
820 – 830
The Plan of Saint Gall. (View Larger)
The Only Surviving Major Architectural Drawing from the Fall of the Roman…
Detail of folios 4v/5r of the Vaticanus Latinus 3868.  Please click to view entire image.
"The most ingenious and expressive work of narrative art known from all of Late Antiquity"
Circa 825
A portrait of al-Khwarizmi on a postage stamp from the former USSR. (View Larger)
Algorithm Invented; Introduction of the Decimal Positional Number System…
Circa 825
St. Theodore, the Studite.
Rules for the Scriptorium and the Library
825 – 850
A folio from the Bern Physiologus. (View Larger)
Medieval Natural History Bestseller
Circa 825The Oldest Surviving Manuscript on Arabic Paper Circa 825A Studio for Royal Mayan Scribes in the Ninth Century Circa 825The Earliest Surviving Text of Lucretius's De rerum natura Circa 830Origins of the Term Algebra Circa 830 – 860The "Moutier-Grandval Bible," a Masterpiece from the Scriptorium at Tours 833 – 835Inventories of Ninth Century Libraries 846
An illustration of the psalms from the Vivian Bible. (View Larger)
Lavishly Illuminated for Charles the Bald
848 – 866The Oldest Complete Dated Book in Arabic Written on Paper Circa 850Gregory the Great Writing, as Depicted in an Ivory Book Cover 850
A diagram of a 'self trimming lamp' from the Book of Ingenious devices, preserved in the 'Granger Collection' in New York. (View Larger)
The First Programmable Machine & the Earliest Known Mechanical Musical…
Circa 850
Cosmas Indicopleustes's map of the earth, from Topographia Christiana. (View Larger)
An Early Flat-Earth View of the World
Circa 850The Earliest Surviving Copy of Aristotle's Biological Works Circa 850
An icon depicting St. Photius. (View Larger)
The First Byzantine Encylopedia
Circa 850The Oldest Surviving Fragments of the Babylonian Talmud May Date from the Ninth Century Circa 850
The frontispiece of a 1709 edition of De re coquinaria. (View Larger)
Apicius's De Re Coquinaria, the Earliest Surviving Cookbook
Circa 850
A depiction of David from the Chludov Psalter. (View Larger)
A Byzantine Iconophile Psalter from the Time of the Iconoclasm
Circa 850The Oldest Western Medical Document after the Hippocratic Writings, and How it Survived the Middle Ages Circa 850 – 950
Codex Heidelbergensis 398: the single document, edited by Sigismund Gelenius, that recounts the periplus of Hanno. (View Larger)
The Periplus of Hanno the Navigator
Circa 850The Earliest Surviving Manuscript Closest to Euclid's Original Text Circa 850The Fables of Phaedrus Circa 850The First Treatise on Cryptanalysis Circa 850Perhaps the Oldest Surviving Jewish Prayer Book Circa 850 – 1050The Text of Tacitus' Annals and Histories Survived in Only Two Manuscripts Circa 850The Syriac Galen Palimpsest: New Insight into a Major Galenic Work Hidden under Liturgical Writings 859 – May 2015The al-Qarawiyyin Library, the Oldest Working Library in the World, Reopens after Restoration Circa 860 – 920The Codex Spirensis, of which Only a Single Leaf of the Original Survives 867
Vikings Destroy the Library of York Cathedral
November – December 867
Folio 241b of MS Leiden Or. 298, a manuscript of the 'Gharib al-Hadith' by Abu `Ubayd al-Qasim b. Sallam. (View Larger)
The Second Oldest Arabic Manuscript on Arabic Paper
May 11, 868
A portion of the Diamond Sutra. (View Larger)
The Earliest Surviving Dated Complete Printed Book
870The Codex Aureus of St. Emmeram Circa 875
The upper cover of the Lindau Gospels. (View Larger)
The Magnificent Upper Cover of the Lindau Gospels
October 20, 879The Earliest-Known Manuscript of the Arabian Nights Circa 880One of the Two Oldest Manuscripts of Ovid's Ars Amatoria 888
The second page of MS. d'Orville 301. (View Larger)
The Oldest Dated Manuscript of a Classical Greek Author
The initial page of the Peterborough Chronicle, marked secondarily by the librarian of the Laud collection in the Bodelian Library. The manuscript is an autograph of the monastic scribes of Peterborough, and the opening sections were likely scribed around 1150. The section displayed is prior to the First Continuation. (View Larger)
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: The First Continuous History Written by Europeans…
Circa 890 – 900By the End of the 9th Century the Major Part of Latin Literature had Been Copied Circa 890The First Surviving Book Written Entirely in English 891Over 100 Booksellers and 30 Public Libraries in Baghdad November 895
Folio 94v of the Clarke Plato. (View Larger)
The Oldest Surviving Manuscript of Plato's Tetralogies
Circa 900Jews Adopted the Codex Around 900 Circa 900
Folio 201r of Florence, Laurentian Pluteus 74.7, depicting an orthopedic procedure involving a ladder and pulley. (View Larger)
The Earliest Surviving Illustrated Surgical Codex
Circa 900
Folio 1r of Harley MS 55, the only surviving copy of the Leechbook of Bald. The manuscript resides in the British Library. (View Larger)
One of the Oldest Medical or Scientific Treatises Written in English