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The First Routine Real-Time Numerical Weather Forecasting (December 1954)

Starting in December 1954, the Royal Swedish Air Force Weather Service in Stockholm made weather forecasts for the North Atlantic region three times a week using the Swedish BESK computer running a barotropic model developed by the Institute of Meteorology at the University of Stockholm, associated with the eminent meteorologist Carl-Gustaf Rossby. These were the first routine real-time numerical weather forecasts.

Staff Members, Institute of Meterology, University of Stockholm. "Results of Forecasting with the Barotropic Model on an Electronic Computer (BESK)," Tellus 6 (1954): 139-149.