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The First Programmed Chess Game, Played Using a Human Computer (1952)


In 1952, two years after Claude Shannon published his theoretical paper on programming a computer to play chess Alan Turing at Manchester wrote a program for playing chess called the "paper machine," and actually used it in a chess game. Following the algorithm with a paper and pencil— or acting as a human CPU, so to speak— Turing played an actual game against British computer scientist Alick Glennie. In this case the "computer" lost; the program hung a queen and resigned.

In January 2014 the game was available from chessgames.com at this link.