4406 entries. 94 themes. Last updated December 26, 2016.

Timeline Outline ViewEra: All Eras   |   Theme: Art / Art Trade


Circa 1,650,000 BCE – 100,000 BCE
A flint biface, discovered in Saint-Acheul, France.
Acheulean or Mode 2 Industries
Circa 500,000 BCE – 430,000 BCEShell Markings by Homo Erectus May Be the Earliest Engraving Done by Humans Circa 400,000 BCE – 350,000 BCE
A sample of geothite, or brown ochre. (View Larger)
The Earliest Use of Pigments
Circa 132,000 BCE – 98,000 BCE
Photocredit: James Di Loreto, & Donald H. Hurlbert, Smithsonian Institution. (View Larger)
The Earliest Known Forms of Human Adornment
Circa 100,000 BCE
Ablone shell containing red ochre rich mixture. Image by Grethe Moell Pedersen. (Click on image to view larger.)
The Earliest Paint Workshop
Circa 75,000 BCE – 73,000 BCE
Early Attempt to Record Information or Early Art?
Circa 38,000 BCEThe Oldest Known Hand Stencil & One of the Earliest Dated Figurative Depictions: Both Discovered in Maros, Sulawesi, Indonesia Circa 38,000 BCE – 33,000 BCE
The Venus of Schelklingen.
The Earliest Known Examples of Figurative Art
Circa 37,000 BCE
Detail of the
The Oldest Cave Painting
Circa 37,000 BCEPossibly the Earliest Art Created by a Neanderthal Circa 33,000 BCE
37mm long, 7.5 gram figurine, made from mammoth ivory is some 35,000 years old. It is one of the oldest pieces of art ever found.  Photo: Universität Tübingen. (Click on image to view larger.)
The Earliest Known Carving of a Mammoth
Circa 32,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE
Fighting rhinos and horses. Detail from one of the most important panels of Chauvet.  It contains twenty animals including rhinoceroses and horses. (Click on image to view larger.)
Probably the Earliest Extensive Collection of Paintings
Circa 30,000 BCE
The 'Lion Man,' preserved in the Ulmer Museum in Ulm, Germany. (View a full-scale image.)
The Earliest Zoomorphic / Anthropomorphic Sculpture
29,000 BCE – 25,000 BCE
The Venus of Dolní Věstonice. (View Larger)
The Oldest Known Ceramic Figurine
Circa 25,000 BCE
A modern replica of the Venus of Lespugue. (View Larger)
The Earliest Representation of Spun Thread
Circa 24,000 BCE – 22,000 BCE
The Venus of Willendorf. (View Larger)
The Venus of Willendorf
24,000 BCE
The oldest known portrait of a woman, sculpted from mammoth ivory during the last ice age around 26,000 years ago.  Photograph: Graeme Robertson for The Guardian. (Click on image to view larger.)
The Earliest Portrait
Circa 23,000 BCE
The Venus of Brassempouy. (View Larger)
One of the Earliest Known Realistic Representations of a Human Face
Circa 18,000 BCE
Circa 15,300 BCE
Painting of a dun horse from Lascaux Cave. (Click on image to view larger.)
The "Sistine Chapel" of the Upper Paleolithic
Circa 14,000 BCEThe Venus Impudique: the First Discovery of a Venus Figurine Circa 13,000 BCEThe Lourdes Horse Circa 12,800 BCE – 8,500 BCE
Winnemucca Lake petroglyphs. (Click on image to view larger.)
North America's Earliest Rock Art
Circa 12,000 BCE
'The Sorcerer' is one name for this cryptic painting found in the Trois Frères in France by Henri Breuil. Photocredit: Encyclopaedia Britannica(View Larger)
"The Sorcerer"
Circa 11,000 BCE
Flutings at Rouffignac.  Both children and adults created cave art known as finger flutings in the French caverns of Rouffignac roughly 13,000 years ago. Credit: Jessica Cooney / Leslie van Gelder. (Click on image to view larger.)
Pre-Historic Art Created by Children at the Cave of a Hundred Mammoths, Rouffignac
Circa 11,000 BCE
Ice age carving of two reindeer swimming.  It is carved from the tip of a mammoth tusk and shows a female reindeer swimming ahead of a male reindeer. (Click in image to view larger.)
The Swimming Reindeer
Circa 10,500 BCE
Spear thrower carved as a mammoth.  Source: The British Museum. (Click on image to view larger.)
The Mammoth Spear Thrower
Circa 9,500 BCE
The Göbekli Tepe, Turkist for 'Potbelly Hill,' is the oldest discovered structure for religious worship. (View Larger)
The Earliest Surviving Human-Made Place of Worship
Circa 9,000 BCE
Oldest known representation of two people engaged in sexual intercourse. (Click on image to view larger.)
The Ain Sakhri Lovers Figurine
Circa 6,200 BCE
A  wallpainting, located in Catal Hoyuk, that might be the earliest landscape painting yet discovered, or a map. (View Larger)
A Wallpainting that Could be a Landscape or a Map
Circa 6,000 BCE
Bos primigenius (auroch). (Click on image to view larger.)
Domestication of the Aurochs, Ancestors of Domestic Cattle
Circa 3,750 BCEThe Earliest Precursors to Writing in Egypt are Rock Drawings Circa 3,500 BCE – 3,350 BCE
Bronocice clay pot showing wheeled cart. (Click on image to view larger.)
The Earliest Images of a Wheeled Vehicle
Circa 3,200 BCE
One of the Earliest Surviving Examples of Narrative Relief Sculpture and…
Circa 3,200 BCE – 3,000 BCE
A side-view of the Warka Vase, before the invasion of Iraq. (View Larger)
One of the Earliest Surviving Works of Narrative Relief Sculpture, Looted…
Circa 2,620 BCE – 2,500 BCE"The Seated Scribe" or "Squatting Scribe" Circa 2,000 BCE – 1,700 BCE
Sides A (left) and B (right) of the Phaistos Disc. (View Larger)
"The World's First Typewritten Document" - James Chadwick
Circa 2,000 BCEThe Earliest Representation of an Organized Fighting System Circa 1,450 BCE
An ancient Egyptian wooden drawing board inscribed with a picture of Thutmose III. It is preserved in the British Library as EA 5645. (View Larger)
Wooden Drawing Board with a figure of Thutmose III
Circa 1,292 BCE – 1,069 BCE
A self-portrait of the scribe Sesh, arms raised in the presentation of a papyrus scroll and possibly a writing palette. Preserved in the Schoyen Collection as MS 1695. (View Larger)
Self-Portrait of an Egyptian Scribe with his Autograph Signature
Circa 1,200 BCE – 1,045 BCE
A bronze guang, or ritualistic wine vessel, of the Shang dynasty. (View Larger)
The Earliest Chinese Inscriptions in Bronze
Circa 1,000 BCE
The Oldest Known Evidence of the Phoenician Alphabet
Circa 800 BCEA Pulley Depicted in a Bas-Relief from Nimrud, Assyria 440 BCE – 435 BCE
One of the earliest surviving images of anyone reading a papyrus roll, preserved in the Louvre. (View Larger)
One of the Earliest Images of Someone Reading a Papyrus Roll
Circa 400 BCE
The Pronomos Vase from Naples shows the performers of a Greek satyr play. (View Larger)
The Pronomos Vase: Pictorial Evidence for Theatre in Ancient Greece
Circa 300 BCE – 350 CEThe Musawwarat Graffiti Archive 215 BCE – 210 BCE
One of three excavation pits of the Terracotta Army. (View Larger)
The Terra Cotta Army, An Early Example of Assembly Line Production
30 BCE – 25 CE
The Portland Vase. Shown is the first of two scenes. (View Larger)
The Portland Vase: Classical Connoisseurship, Influence, Destruction &…
Circa 25 CEThe Oldest Sculptural Group Found in France Circa 75 CE
A fresco of a Pompein couple with stylus, wax tablets, and papyrus scroll, preserved in the Museuo Archeologico Nazionale. (View Larger)
Roman Portraits Celebrating Literacy
Circa 100 CE – 200 CE
The Romance Papyrus. (View Larger)
The Romance Papyrus
Circa 150 CE
The oldest known image of the Virgin Mary, located in the Cacomb of Priscilla on the Via Salaria in Rome. (View Larger)
The Earliest Known Image of the Virgin Mary
Circa 232 CE
Dura-Europos church.
The Earliest Christian House Church, With the Most Ancient Christian Paintings
244 CE – 256 CE
A Frescoe found in Dura Europos depicting scenes from the Book of Ester. (View Larger)
Possibly the Earliest Record of Rabbinic Texts & the Earliest Continuous…
Circa 320 CEA Sarcophagus Showing a Greek Physician in His Library Circa 350 CE
The Earliest Egyptian Printed Cloth
354 CE
Title page from the Chronography of 354. (View Larger)
The Earliest Dated Codex with Full-Page Illustrations
Circa 380 CE
Vergilius Vaticanus
Herald of Christianity and Magus: One of the Oldest Surviving Illustrated…
Circa 390 CE
The recto side of Folio Two of Quedlinburg Itala. (View Larger)
The Oldest Surviving Illustrated Biblical Manuscript
Circa 400 CE
The Charioteer Papyrus
Circa 400 CEA Diptych Depicting Roman Orators Holding Papyrus Rolls 406 CE
The mentioned diptych, portraying Emperor Honorius in both panels.
The Oldest Surviving Consular Diptych
426 CE – 450 CEThe Earliest Image of Codices in a Book Cabinet and Possibly the Earliest Image of a Bookbinding in Wall Art Circa 450 CEThe Earliest Treasure Bookcovers: Made of Ivory or Precious Metals 493 CE – 508
Achilles sacrificing to Zeus from the Ambrosian Iliad. (View Larger)
The Only Illustrated Homer from Antiquity
Circa 512
An illustration of illustration of the species 'Akoniton napellus,' folio 67v. (View Larger)
Probably the Most Beautiful of the Earliest Surviving Scientific Codices
Circa 524 – 1300How the Middle Ages Processed and Recycled Roman Culture Circa – 540
The Vienna Genesis. (Click to view larger.)
Considered the Oldest, Well-Preserved Illustrated Biblical Codex
Circa 550 – 650
Folio 46r from the Syriac Bible, depicting Job. (View Larger)
The Syriac Bible of Paris
Circa 550
The Antioch Chalice, with which the bookcovers were found.
The First Surviving Metal Bookcovers
Circa 555
An illumination of Christ found in the Rossano Gospels. (Click to view larger.)
One of the Oldest Surviving Illuminated Manuscripts of the New Testament
Circa 560 – 600
A page from the Cathach of St. Columba. (View Larger)
The Earliest Surviving Manuscript Written in Ireland, the Oldest Surviving…
Circa 580 – 620
A folio from the Ashburnham Pentateuch depicting Cane and Abel. (View larger)
The Ashburnham Pentateuch
Circa 600
(View Larger)
The Earliest Western Metalwork Bookcovers
Circa 625The Bobbio Orosius, Containing the Earliest Surviving Carpet Page in Insular Art 715 – 720
Folio 27r of the Lindisfarne Gospels. (View Larger)
Creation of the Lindisfarne Gospels
Circa 750
The oldest known historiated initial, found in the St. Petersurg Bede, also known as the Leningrad Bede.
The Earliest Known Example of an Historiated Initial and One of the Earliest…
Circa 750
Folio 11 of the Codex Aureus, inscribed in Old English. (View Larger)
The Stockholm Codex Aureus, Looted Twice by Vikings
The ornate cover on the Lindau Gospels, located in the Pierpont Morgan Library. (View Larger)
One of the Great Treasures of Early Carolingian Metalwork
Circa 780 – 820The Contributions of the Emperor Charlemagne and the Educator Alcuin to the Carolingian Renaissance 783 – 795
A facsimile of the Dagulf Psalter, also known as the Golden Psalter. (View Larger)
The First Treasure Binding Associated with its Original Codex
Circa 790
An image depicting the crucifixion of Christ, found in the Gellone Sacramentary. (View Larger)
The Gellone Sacramentary: a Masterpiece of Carolingian Manuscript Illumination
Circa 800
The Book of Kells.
The Book of Kells
Circa 810
One of the most outsanding illumated manuscripts of De luadibus sanctae crucis, preserved in the Vatican Library, depicting Christ. (View Larger)
Carmina Figurata Word Pictures
Circa 816 – 841
A portrait of Matthew from the Ebbo Gospels. (View Larger)
An Unusual, Energetic Style of Illustration
Circa 816 – 850
Page from Utretch Psalter.
The Utrecht Psalter, "The Most Frequently Studied of All Illuminated Books"
Circa 820 – 830
Leaf 2r of the Stuttgart Psalter (Folio Bible 23 in the Wurttenmbergische Landesbibliothek). (View Larger)
"A Perfect Relationship between Text and Picture"
Detail of folios 4v/5r of the Vaticanus Latinus 3868.  Please click to view entire image.
"The most ingenious and expressive work of narrative art known from all of Late Antiquity"
Circa 825A Studio for Royal Mayan Scribes in the Ninth Century 846
An illustration of the psalms from the Vivian Bible. (View Larger)
Lavishly Illuminated for Charles the Bald
Circa 850
A depiction of David from the Chludov Psalter. (View Larger)
A Byzantine Iconophile Psalter from the Time of the Iconoclasm
Circa 850Gregory the Great Writing, as Depicted in an Ivory Book Cover 870The Codex Aureus of St. Emmeram Circa 875
The upper cover of the Lindau Gospels. (View Larger)
The Magnificent Upper Cover of the Lindau Gospels
June 19, 960
An artwork from the 'Biblia de Leon,' or the Bible of St. Isidore. (View Larger)
Possible Inspiration for Picasso's Guernica?
Circa 977 – 993
A portrait of Egbert, Archbishop of Trier, from the Codex Egberti. (View larger)
The Earliest Picture Cycle of the Life of Christ in Manuscript Illumination
1012 – 1021
A Qatarian postage stamp portraying Ibn al-Haitham. (View Larger)  <p>Persian scientist Abu Ali Al-Hasan <a href=
Construction of the First Camera Obscura
Circa 1020
The front of the book-shaped reliquary. (View Larger)
Book-Shaped Reliquary from the Circle of the Master of the Registrum Gregorii
A scene from the Bayeux tapestry, showing Odo, Archbishop of Canterbury, on horseback. (View Larger)
The Norman Conquest Recorded on the Bayeux Tapestry
1100 – 1120
Folio 1 of Codex 2527, preserved at the Austrian National Library. (View Larger)
Medieval Handbook of Applied Arts Including Book Production
Circa 1110The Codex Ebnerianus and Early Manuscript Scholarship Circa 1150
Detail of page from the Codex Calixtinus–or Liber Sancti Jacobi / Book of Saint James Calixtinus–or Liber Sancti Jacobi / Book of Saint JamesCodex Calixtinus–or Liber Sancti Jacobi / Book of Saint James.
An Illuminated Medieval Travel Guide and Music Compendium
Circa 1170
Folio 7v of the Hungarian Psalter: a miniature depicting, on top, the creation of Adam, and, on bottom, the temptation of Adam by Eve. (View Larger)
The Hunterian Psalter
Circa 1185 – 1210Limoges Enamel Book Cover Plaque Circa 1200
A scence from the long scroll 'Along the River During Qing Ming Festival,' in which a fifteen column saunpan is visible next to the account book and doctor's prescriptions. (View Larger)
The Suanpan
Circa 1230 – 1275
Folio 1r of Fr. 1573 at the Bibliotheque Nationale, the earliest extant copy of 'Le Roman de la Rose.' (View Larger)
Le Roman de la Rose: A Medieval Best Seller
Circa 1240The "De Brailes Hours," The Earliest Surviving English Book of Hours Circa 1300
The Hereford Mappa Mundi. (View Larger)
The Hereford Mappa Mundi, "The Greatest Extant Thirteenth Century Pictorial…
Circa 1300
The Bird's Head Haggadah. (View Larger)
The Oldest Surviving Ashkenazi Illuminated Manuscript
Circa 1300 – 1320Ivory Booklet with Scenes of the Passion Circa 1303 – 1316
Folios 7v-8r of the Metz Pontifical.
The Metz Pontifical: An Unfinished Medieval Masterpiece
A scene from Rashid al-Din Tabib's 'Jami al-Tawarikh' in which the Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam. (View Larger)
Islamic History Containing the Earliest Notice of Chinese Printing from…
1309 – 1500The Speculum humanae salvationis 1320 – 1340The Luttrell Psalter, Preserving the Memory of Ordinary Folk Alongside the Mighty and the Wealthy 1343A Painted Wood Panel that Once Covered an Account Book 1352
The first depiction of spectacles in art: a portrait of Cardinal Hugo of Provence at his writing desk, painted by Tommaso de Mondena in fresco in the Basilica San Nicolo in Treviso, Italy. (View Larger)
The Earliest Depiction of Eyeglasses in a Painted Work of Art
Circa 1410 – 1430The Bedford Hours and its History Circa 1413 – 1416
Folio 64v of Les Très Riches Heures, for the month of June. (View Larger)
Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry
1418 – 1423
St. Christopher woodcut, 1423.
The Earliest Dated European Woodblock Print
1427 – 1479
The Aztec Calendar Stone. (View Larger)
The Aztec Calendar Stone
1435 – 1455
A rendition of the Martyrdom of St. Sebastian by the Master of Playing Cards, preserved at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. (View Larger)
The Earliest Known Artist to Produce Copperplate Engravings
July 31, 1437Description of Textile Printing and Manuscript Illumination as Well as Painting Circa 1449 – 1472
Detail of painting showing presentation by Jean Miélot to
The Most Extensively Portrayed Late Medieval Scribe and Author
Circa 1450
The Göttingen Model Book, dating to the mid-15th century, contains instructions for the ornamentation of books and the creation of pigments. These methods can be seen in practice in several early Gutenberg Bibles. (View Larger)
Model Book for Manuscript and Printed Book Illumination
1450 – 1460
Detail of page from Philip the Good's Book of Hours.  Please click to view entire image.
The Hours of Philip the Good, Illuminated with Miniatures Using the Grisaille Technique
1452 – 1455
The self-portrait miniature painted by Jean Fouquet.
Jean Fouquet Paints the Earliest Portrait Miniature and Possibly the Earliest Formal Self-Portrait
April 4, 1452 – July 9, 1453
The Giant Bible of Mainz, copied by hand in large characters as to be read from a lectern, shares many artistic characteristics with the Gutenberg Bible, and may haver served as a model for it. (View Larger)
The Giant Bible of Mainz: Possibly the Model for the Typography in the…
Circa 1465 – 1475
The panel painting by Hans Memling depicting the Annunciation, with Mary reading from a manuscript. (Click on the image to view larger.)
Depiction of Mary Reading from a Manuscript Book by Hans Memling
Circa 1470Three Ways that Printing Changed Manuscript Culture 1475The First Catalogue of the Vatican Library 1478Leonardo Builds a Programmable Mechanical Automaton February 1 – October 25, 1483Printed on Vellum and Illuminated by Girolamo da Cremona, and Others Circa 1485 – 1516Leonardo's Anatomical Drawings Circa 1485An Early Depiction of a Child Crumpling the Pages of a Book February 11, 1486Breydenbach's "Peregrinatio in terram sanctam", the First Illustrated Travel Book: An International Bestseller 1487 – 1488Discovery of a Lost Painting by Michelangelo? Circa 1490The Macclesfield Alphabet Book, the Most Complete Pattern Book from Medieval Britain June 12 – December 23, 1493The Nuremberg Chronicle 1494Probably the Earliest European Depiction of Native Americans February 11, 1494Sebastian Brant's "Book Fool", and Others Circa 1499The Persistence of Illuminated Manuscript Production Fifty Years After the Introduction of Printing February 18, 1499The First Illustration of a Printing Office & Bookshop in a Printed Book Circa 1500Leonardo's Lost Painting, "Salvator Mundi", Discovered Circa 1500 – 1520The Rothschild Prayerbook is Illuminated September 13, 1501 – September 8, 1504
 Michelangelo's marble 'David,' symbol of the Florentine Renaissance, depicts the biblical hero holding rock and sling, his right hand intentionally enlarged to show the power of God acting through him. (View Larger)
Michelangelo Creates his Statue of David
Circa 1510 – 1539Ferninand Columbus Collects One of the Largest Private Libraries of the 16th Century 1514
Detail from page of Theorica et practica . . .de modo scribendi fabricandique omnes literarum species.  Please click on image to view entire page opening.
Sigismondo Fanti Issues the First Illustrated Manual on the Art of Writing
1514Painter Quentin Matsys Uses a Book of Hours as a Prop for Satire Circa 1515 – 1520The Grimani Breviary: a Remarkable Artistic Collaboration 1521Giacomo Berengario da Carpi Issues the First Work Since the Time of Galen to Show Original Anatomical Information Based upon Personal Investigation & Observation 1528Albrecht Dürer Expounds the Aesthetic Anatomy of Human Proportion 1530 – 1536Otto Brunfels & Hans Weiditz Issue the First Accurate, Detailed Woodcuts of Plants Taken Directly from Nature Circa 1535Bronzino Paints a Portrait of an Elegant Young Man Mishandling a Book 1540 – 1585Masters at Colegio de Santa Cruz de Santiago Tlaltelolco Create the Florentine Codex, the First Illustrated Encyclopedia of the New World 1541 – 1614The Library of the Painter El Greco and its Influence upon his Art 1542Leonhard Fuchs, Albrecht Mayer, Heinrich Füllmaurer & Viet Rudolf Speckle Issue the First "Modern" Herbal, with Self-Portraits of the Artists 1543Leonhard Fuchs' Unpublished Masterpiece of Renaissance Botany June 1543
 The title page of Andreas Versalius' 'De humani corporis fabrica libri septem,' published in 1543, was a revolutionary work of unmatched scientific and artistic precision.  (View Larger)
Andreas Vesalius Produces a Unprecedented Blend of Scientific Exposition,…
June 1543Simultaneously with the "Fabrica" Vesalius Issues a Condensation, or Road-Map, of the Encyclopedic Work 1545 – 1546Charles Estienne Includes Erotic Images Made Acceptable by their Adaptation for Medical Purposes 1545Guido Guidi Issues a Spectacular Book of Renaissance Surgery and Graphic Arts 1546Guilio Clovio Completes a Masterpiece of High Renaissance Manuscript Illumination 1556Ulisse Aldrovandi's Guide to Ancient Statuary in Rome 1557
Engraved portrait of Hubert Golzius by Simon Frisius c. 1610.
Hubert Goltzius Issues the First Book Extensively Illustrated with Chiaroscuro Woodcuts
1558Self-Portrait of Simon Bening, One of the Greatest Manuscript Illuminators of the Sixteenth Century 1560Jean Cousin the Elder Issues "Livre de perspective" 1560 – 1581Giorgio Vasari Begins Construction of the Uffizi 1566Giuseppe Arcimboldo Paints a Surrealist Portrait of the Librarian 1568Benevenuto Cellini Describes Renaissance Artistic Techniques 1569 – 1570Fulvio Orsini Issues the First Critically Assembled Collection and Edition of Ancient Portraiture 1575François de Belleforest Describes Paintings in Rouffignac Cave 1587 – 1592Agustín's Study of Ancient Coinage: Probably the Earliest Book with Illustrations by a Woman 1608Odoardo Fialetti Creates Probably the First Printed Manual for Drawing Human Anatomy 1610Graphic Depiction of Leiden University Library in 1610 1613François d'Aguilon & Peter Paul Rubens Describe Optics and Color Theory 1620 – 1640
The Village Lawyer by Pieter Breughel the Younger.
Depiction of Record Keeping by Pieter Breughel the Younger
Circa 1625 – 1665Cassiano & Carlo Antonio dal Pozzo Attempt to Record All Human Knowledge in Visual Form 1642Ludwig van Siegen Invents Mezzotint 1645Abraham Bosse Issues the First Treatise on Engraving and Etching 1660David Teniers the Younger Publishes the First Published Illustrated Catalogue of an Art Collection 1662The First Book on the Appreciation of Prints and the First Description of Mezzotint 1666Michel de Marolles Writes the First Book on Print Collecting 1670The First Print Surviving from New England 1685
Plate from Bidloo's Anatomia humani corporis. Please click on the link below to view and resize full page. 
Anatomy in the Style of Dutch Still-Life Painting
1701 – 1725Friedrich Ruysch's Anatomical Preparations: Surrealism Centuries Before Surrealism Became Fashionable 1719 – 1725Jacob Christophe Le Blon Invents the Three-Color Process of Color Printing 1734The Capitoline Museums, the First Public Museums, Open in Rome 1736 – 1741Albinus & Ladmiral Issue the First Full Color Printing by the Three-Color Process to Illustrate a Medical or Scientific Book February 18, 1743Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici Founds the Greatest Museums of Florence 1747Bernhard Siegfried Albinus' Cool, Elegant Aesthetic of Anatomy 1751 – 1828Edme-François Gersaint Issues the First Significant Catalogue Raisonné in Western Art History, on Rembrandt's Prints 1756The Tallard Sale: A New Level of Connoisseurship in the Cataloguing of Works of Art 1759 – 1767Laurence Sterne's "Tristram Shandy": Philosophical and Comedic Digressions and Innovative Illustration Techniques April 21, 1760The First Contemporary Art Exhibition in England is Accompanied by a Catalogue 1768 – 1774The Jacquet-Droz Automata 1768 – 1771Von Heineken Issues the First Systematic Guide to Collecting Prints, Blockbooks, and the Earliest Printed books 1779
Detail of plate from Gamelin's Nouveau recueil d'ostéologie et de myologie, dessin‚ d'après nature. . . pour l'utilit‚ des sciences et des arts..  Please click on link below to view and resize full image.
Jacques Gamelin Issues an Anatomy for Artists including Fantastical Elements
Circa 1782Léonard Defrance Creates Panel Paintings of the Operations of a French Enlightenment Printing Shop 1784 – 1785"Paper Architect" Etienne-Louis Boullée Envisages In One Gigantic Reading Room the Entire "Memory of the World" 1786Richard Payne Knight Records Early Archaeological Explorations of Ancient Fertility Rites May 22, 1787 – 1807Foundation of the Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade Circa 1792 – 1819Jacob Perkins Invents Steel Engraving 1796 – 1819Alois Senefelder Invents & Develops Lithography 1797Giovanni Battista Venturi Begins Scientific and Art Historical Studies on Leonardo da Vinci Circa 1800Maillardet's Automaton 1813John William Lewin Issues the First Illustrated Book Published in Australia 1828The First "Livre d'Artiste," Illustrated by Delacroix 1836Christian Thomsen Founds the "Three-Age" System in Archaeology 1839
Portrait of Jacquard woven in silk on a Jacquard loom.
The Most Famous Image in the Early History of Computing
January 7 – August 19, 1839Daguerreotypes: The First Commonly Used Photographic Process January 31, 1839The First Separate Publication on Photography May 14, 1842"The Illustrated London News", the First Fully Illustrated Weekly Newspaper, Begins Publication 1846The First Periodical Issued With a Mounted Paper Photograph 1850 – 1937Incunabula of the Zulu Language, and a Zulu Beadwork Love Letter December 2, 1856Historians Stanhope, Macaulay & Carlyle Found the National Portrait Gallery May 5 – October 17, 1857"The Art Treasures of Great Britain," Perhaps the Largest Art Exhibition ever Held 1859François Willème Invents Photosculpture: Early 3D Imaging 1861 – 1864Edouard Lartet & Henry Christy Issue Probably the Earliest Paper on Paleolithic Mobiliary Art 1901 – October 24, 2012Revealing a Hidden Image in a 1901 Painting by Picasso in a 2012 Newspaper Article January – February 20, 1909"The Founding and Manifesto of Futurism" 1912"Ridgway Colors" February 17 – March 15, 1913The Armory Show Introduces "Modern Art" to the United States November 4, 1922Discovery of the Tomb of Tutankhamum 1927Fortunato Depero's "Bolted Catalogue" of Futurist Graphics 1932Marinetti's Metal Book: "Parole in Liberta . . ." 1933 – 1944Eugen Sänger's "Raketenflugtechnik" Expounds the Theory of What Would Become the X-Planes and the Space Shuttle 1934Picasso Depicts His Lover Reading at a Table 1937 – 1942The Only Known Complete Inventory of Art Labeled "Degenerate" by the Nazis 1938Otto Bettman Founds The Bettmann Archive: the Beginning of "The Visual Age" 1945 – 1949The Hinman Collator 1950 – 1953The Earliest Pioneer in Electronic Art 1953 – 1957Probably the First Computer-Controlled Aesthetic System August 28, 1962Among the Beginnings of Computer Art in the United States 1963 – 1966Using his BEFLIX Computer Animation Language, Ken Knowlton Produces "A Computer Technique for the Production of Animated Movies" 1964
The First to Create Three-Dimensional Images of the Human Body Using a Computer
Example of image from Computer Graphics in Communication.  Please click to view larger image.
William Fetter Issues the First Book on Computer Graphics
1965 – 1966Michael Noll's "Human or Machine" : Comparing Computer-Generated Art with Human Created Art February 5 – November 26, 1965The Earliest Public Exhibitions of Computer Art 1967The Museum Computer Network is Founded in New York 1968The Computer Artis Society, the First Society for Computer Art, is Founded in London 1968"Incredible Machine" State of the Art in Computer Generated Film, Graphics and Music in 1968 August 2 – October 20, 1968Cybernetic Serendipity: The First Widely-Attended International Exhibition of Computer Art November 27, 1968 – February 9, 1969K. G. Pontius Hultén Curates "The Machine as Seen at the End of the Mechanical Age" : An Art Exhibition December 1968
Cover of Computer Art and Human Response by Lloyd Sumner.
Lloyd Sumner Issues The First Monograph by a Computer Artist
November 14, 1970UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property 1970 1971
Cover of Computergraphik-Computerkunst, by H.W. Franke. Please click on image to see larger version of image.
Franke Issues the First Comprehensive Treatise on Computer Graphics with the First History of Computer Art
1975 – 1982Mandelbrot's "The Fractal Geometry of Nature" 1979 – 1980Vol Libre: The First Fractal CGI Movie 1983Possibly the Earliest Electronic Publication on Art January 1983The 1970 UNESCO Convention is Implemented in U.S. Law 1985Rediscovery of Electronic Images Created by Andy Warhol on an Amiga Computer 1987The First Digital Image Database of Cultural Materials November 3, 1990An Encoded Sculpture, Still Not Decoded 1993 – 2013Nina Katchadourian's Sorted Books Project April 7 – October 1, 1995"The Book and Beyond" Exhibition Takes Place April 1996 – 2003The First Full-Time Online Webcam Girl 1997Rome is Reborn on Google Earth November 1997
Logo of digital scriptorium page on Bancroft Library website.
Digital Scriptorium is Founded
1998The Digital Michelangelo Project May 2003 – May 2009
Grand Text Auto logo
"Grand Text Auto" A Group Blog
December 14, 2005
The Pixar logo
Pixar at MOMA
April 2006
A self-portrait by Leonardo da Vinci in red chalk
Damage to Codex Atlanticus Caused by Efforts at Preservation
June 20, 2006
S. Blair Hedges
The "Print Clock" Method for Dating Printing
February 19, 2008The World's Oldest Oil Paintings Restored After Taliban Dynamite October 30, 2008Raphael's Madonna of the Goldfinch Restored 450 Years after it was Nearly Destroyed November 18, 2008
Cover of Tango with Cows, Vasily Kamensky.  Please click on image to view larger image.
"Tango with Cows" : A Virtual Exhibition
December 2, 2008Probably the Most Expensive Single Volume Printed Edition Ever Published January 28, 2009The BBC Intends to Place 200,000 Oil Paintings on the Internet February 28, 2009Discovery of a Previously Unknown Self- Portrait of Leonardo June 1, 2009The First Magazine Cover Created as iPhone Art October 13, 2009Discovery of Unknown Portrait by Leonardo Confirmed by a Fingerprint October 13, 2009The Finest Roman Cameo Glass Vase Discovered October 22, 2009David Hockney's iPhone Art February 22, 2010The First Superman Comic Book sells for $1,000,000. May 12 – August 22, 2010The Most Successful Art Forger Ever 2011 – 2013Anonymous Scottish Book Sculptures January 2011The First Independently Published Magazine Exclusively for the iPad February 1, 2011The Google Art Project May 2011The Saint John's Bible is Completed 2012Surprisingly Active 21st Century Trade in Medieval Manuscript Books of Hours April 23, 2012Using a Densitometer to Measure Usage of Medieval Books of Hours May 7, 2012The First Annual Report Issued by a Museum in an eBook Format November 12, 2012 – August 9, 2013The First 3D Photo Booth Prints Personal Miniature Figures 2013An Infographic About Tatooing in the Form of an Elaborate Tatoo January 7, 2013Titian's Portrait of Girolamo Fracastoro is Rediscovered January 21, 2013An Innovative Interactive Museum Gallery Space with the Largest Multi-Touch Screen in the United States July 10, 2013Rare Comic Books Unwittingly Destroyed to Make Papier Mache Sculpture December 20, 2013"TOP 10 3D Printing Stories of 2013" January 2014Animating Classical Representational Paintings February 2014Animatronic Book Hive Sculpture to Commemorate the 400th Anniversary of the Bristol Central Library February 17 – February 22, 2014The First Project to Investigate the Use of Instagram During a Social Upheaval February 25, 2014"Unlooting the Iraq Museum": A Summary July 14, 2014Sotheby's Officially Teams with eBay for Online Auctions September 8, 2014A New Threat to the Beseiged Libraries and Cultural Heritage of Iraq May 2015A Machine Vision Algorithm Learns to Attribute Paintings to Specific Artists