4406 entries. 94 themes. Last updated December 26, 2016.

Timeline Outline ViewEra: All Eras   |   Theme: Artificial Intelligence / Machine Learning / Deep Learning


1763Bayes's Theorem for Calculating Inverse Probabilities 1769 – 1836Von Kempelen "Invents" the Chess-Playing Turk & Edgar Allan Poe Compares it to Babbage's Difference Engine No. 1 1872Samuel Butler Novel "Erewhon" Describes Artificial Consciousness 1912 – 1915Torres y Quevedo Invents the First Decision-Making Automaton 1928Von Neumann Invents the Theory of Games November 30, 1936Alan Turing Publishes "On Computable Numbers," Describing What Came to be Called the "Turing Machine" 1943McCulloch & Pitts Publish the First Mathematical Model of a Neural Network 1944Von Neumann & Morgenstern Issue "The Theory of Games and Economic Behavior" 1947One of the First Studies of Pattern Recognition July 1948 – 1950Alan Turing's Contributions to Artificial Intelligence 1949Donald Hebb Formulates the "Hebb Synapse" in Neuropsychological Theory March 1950Shannon Issues the First Technical Paper on Computer Chess January 1952Possibly the First Artificial Self-Learning Machine February 1953To What Extent Can Human Mental Processes be Duplicated by Switching Circuits? 1955 – July 1956The First Artificial Intelligence Program 1955Pioneer Program in Pattern Recognition 1955The First Book on Machine Translation March 1955 – December 1956"The Design of Machines to Simulate the Behavior of the Human Brain" August 31, 1955Coining the Term, Artificial Intelligence 1956Intelligence Amplification by Machines 1956Semantic Networks for Machine Translation September 1956Chomsky's Hierarchy of Syntactic Forms 1957The First Paper on Machine Learning 1957Chomsky's Syntactic Structures 1958Von Neumann's "The Computer and the Brain" 1958A Model for Learning and Adaptation to a Complex Environment October 1958Game Tree Pruning November 1958 – 1960The Perceptron November 24 – November 27, 1958The First International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence 1959The First Digital Poetry 1959 – 1961One of the First Computer Models of How People Learn 1959The Inspiration for Artificial Neural Networks, Building Blocks of Deep Learning July 1959Machines Can Learn from Past Errors July 3, 1959The Beginning of Expert Systems for Medical Diagnosis 1960John McCarthy Intoduces LISP, The Language of Choice for Artificial Intelligence Circa 1960The Johns Hopkins Beast 1961Arthur C. Clarke Publishes "Dial F for Frankenstein," an Inspiration for Tim Berners-Lee 1961The IBM 7094 is The First Computer to Sing November 1962"The potential contributions of computers depend upon their use by very human human beings." 1963Feigenbaum & Feldman Issue "Computers and Thought," the First Anthology on Artificial Intelligence 1964 – 1966Woodrow Bledsoe Originates of Automated Facial Recognition 1964 – 1966Joseph Weizenbaum Writes ELIZA: A Pioneering Experiment in Artificial Intelligence Programming March – June 1964Solomonoff Begins Algorithmic Information Theory 1965Irving John Good Originates the Concept of the Technological Singularity 1965Feigenbaum, Djerassi & Lederberg Develop DENDRAL the First Expert System January 1965John Alan Robinson Introduces the Resolution Principle 1966 – 1972Stanford Research Institute Develops Shakey, the First Intelligent Mobile Robot 1967Ellis Batten Page Begins Automated Essay Scoring 1968Stanley Kubrick & Arthur C. Clarke Create "2001: A Space Odyssey" April 1968Licklider & Taylor Describe Features of the Future ARPANET; Description of a Computerized Personal Assistant 1970Negroponte's "The Architecture Machine" is Published 1972PARRY: An Artificial Intelligence Program with "Attitude" 1979Foundation of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence 1979The Neocognitron, Perhaps the Earliest Multilayered Artificial Neural Network 1982Defining a General Framework for Studying Complex Biological Systems 1984
Detail from cover of The Policeman's Beard is Half Constructed, the first book written by a computer program.  Please click on image to see image of entire cover of book.
The First Book Written by a Computer Program
1984The First Book on Neuromorphic Computing 1985George A. Miller Begins WordNet, a Lexical Database 1985Kasparov Defeats 32 Different Chess Computers 1988The First Analog Silicon Retina 1993Development of Neural Networks 1993 – 2013The Spread of Data-Driven Research From 1993 to 2013 January 1993The Singularity 1994The First Defeat of a Human Champion by a Computer in a Game Compeition May 11, 1997Kasparov Loses to Deep Blue: The First Time a Human Chess Player Loses to a Computer Under Tournament Conditions 1998Using Neural Networks for Word Sense Disambiguation June 1998The First "Advanced" or "Freestyle" or "Centaur" Chess Event 2000A Model of Cortical Processing as an Electronic Circuit of 16 "Neurons" that Could Select and Amplify Input Signals Much Like the Cortex of the Mammalian Brain 2000 – 2007Conceiving and Building a Machine-Readable Database to Present Information "Filtered, Selected and Presented According to the Needs of the Individual User" 2001
Steven Spielberg
The Film: "A. I. Artificial Intelligence"
2006A More Efficient Way to Teach Individual Layers of Neurons for Deep Learning 2007
David Ferrucci
IBM Begins Development of Watson, the First Cognitive Computer
April 29, 2007
Jonathan Shaeffer with a checkers board after
Checkers is "Solved"
2008The SyNAPSE Neuromorphic Machine Technology Project Begins April 3, 2009Using Automation to Find "Fundamental Laws of Nature" April 3, 2009Robot Scientist becomes the First Machine to Discover New Scientific Knowledge April 22, 2009The TV Show "Jeopardy" Provides a Good Model of the Semantic Analysis and Integration Problem April 27, 2009IBM's Watson Question Answering System Challenges Humans at "Jeopardy" May 16, 2009Wolfram/Alpha is Launched September 2, 2009An Algorithm to Decipher Ancient Texts December 8, 2009Google Introduces Google Goggles January 2010"The Never-Ending Language Learning System" January 9, 2010"The World's First Full-Size Robotic Girlfriend" October 15, 2010The First Fragment of Contemporary Classical Music Composed by a Computer in its Own Style November 4, 2010Kinect for Xbox is Introduced 2011Can an Artificial Intelligence Get into the University of Tokyo? February 14 – February 16, 2011IBM's Watson Question Answering System Defeats Humans at Jeopardy! March 4, 2011The Impact of Automation on Legal Research March 6, 2011The Impact of Artificial Intelligence and Automation on Jobs August 2011The First Neurosynaptic Chips August 15, 2011Free Online Artificial Intelligence Course Attracts 58,000 Students August 18, 2011Toward Cognitive Computing Systems September 2011 – July 2, 2012The First Complete Album Composed Solely by Computer and Recorded by Human Musicians September 12, 2011The First Commercial Application of the IBM Watson Question Answering System: Medical Diagnostics November 2011A Silicon Chip that Mimics How the Brain's Synapses Change in Response to New Information December 16, 2011IBM's Watson Question Answering System to Team with Cedars-Sinai Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Institute June 26, 2012A Large Scale Neural Network Appears to Emulate Activity in the Visual Cortex May 2013Using 100 Linked Computers and Artificial Intelligence to Re-Assemble Fragments from the Cairo Genizah December 29, 2013The Growing Economic and Social Impact of Artificial Intelligence January 1, 2014A Neural Network that Reads Millions of Street Numbers March 17, 2014DeepFace, Facial Verification Software Developed at Facebook, Approaches Human Ability August 27, 2014IBM Launches "Watson Discovery Advisor" to Hasten Breakthroughs in Scientific and Medical Research October 27, 2014Three Breakthroughs that Finally Unleased AI on the World November 17, 2014Google Develops A Neural Image Caption Generator to Translate Images into Words December 15, 2014Skype Previews Skype Translator Real Time Translation Program January 8, 2015A Computer Masters Heads-up Limit Texas Hold 'em Poker May 2015A Machine Vision Algorithm Learns to Attribute Paintings to Specific Artists December 11, 2015Based on a Single Example, A. I. Surpasses Human Capabilities in Reading and Copying Written Characters January 27, 2016DeepMind's AI Algorithm Masters the Ancient Game of Go March 16, 2016
What Google's DeepMind Learned in Seoul with AlphaGo