4406 entries. 94 themes. Last updated December 26, 2016.

Timeline Outline ViewEra: All Eras   |   Theme: Book History


Circa 2,900 BCE
The hieroglyphic name of Hemaka, highlighted in red.
The Oldest Known Papyrus Roll - Blank
Circa 2,500 BCE
The Abu Salbikh Tablet Lost in the Iraq War
Circa 2,500 BCE
Detail from wall of tomb of Prince Kaninisut showing scribes in seated position. Please click on image to view larger image.
The Sitting Posture of Egyptian Scribes and How They Stored Papyrus Rolls.
2,500 BCE
One of many papyrii found at Wadi al Jarf.  Thought to be the oldest known papyrii from Egypt.
The Earliest Known Egyptian Papyri
Circa 2,300 BCE
The Urra=hubullu, currently preserved at the Louvre Museum in Paris. (View Larger)
The Earliest Known Dictionaries
2,100 BCE – 2,050 BCE
The Code of Ur-Nammu.
The Oldest Known Tablet Containing a Legal Code
Circa 2,000 BCE
A section of the Prisse Papyrus, which is believed to be the earliest known document written on papyrus. (View Larger)
One of the Earliest Surviving Documents Written on Papyrus
Circa 1,980 BCE
Fragments of the Ramesseum Papyrus.
The Oldest Surviving Illustrated Papyrus Roll
Circa 1,800 BCE
The Oldest Known Medical Papyrus
Circa 1,700 BCE
YBC 4644, one of three tablets in Yale's collection inscribed with ancient recipes.
The Earliest Surviving Recipes
Circa 1,650 BCE
The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus. (View Larger)
“Accurate Reckoning for Inquiring into Things, and the Knowledge of All…
Circa 1,600 BCE
Sumerian medical tablet (2400 BC), ancient city of Nippur.  Lists 15 prescriptions used by a pharmacist.  Library of Ashurbanipal.
The Largest Surviving Medical Treatise from Ancient Mesopotamia
Circa 1,550 BCE
Papyrus Ebers (View Larger)
The Most Extensive Record of Ancient Egyptian Medicine
Circa 1,550 BCE – 50 BCE
Detail from the Papyrus of Ani, showing Ani and his wife entering at left.  Please click to see complete image.
In Ancient Egypt Only the "Book of the Dead" Papyri Were Commercially Produced
Circa 1,500 BCE
EA 5645 of the British Museum: the Words of Khakheperresoneb written on a wooden writing board. (View Larger)
A Wooden Writing Board Containing Text of the Words of Khakheperresoneb
Circa 1,400 BCE
Collection catalogue tablet from the Hattusas Palace Archives. Hattusa, Turkey
The Earliest Surviving Detailed Bibliographical Entries
1,391 BCE – 1,353 BCEThe Earliest Bookplates, or Ex-Libris Circa 1,200 BCE – 1,050 BCE
The Earliest Chinese Inscriptions that are Indisputably Writing
Circa 1,186 BCE – 1,155 BCE
A papyrus of the 'Discourse of the Gods' section of the Great Harris Papyrus, showing Ramesses III before the Triad of Thebes. (View Larger)
The Longest Known Egyptian Papyrus
Circa 800 BCE
Perhaps the Oldest Surviving Tablet with a European Alphabet
Circa 750 BCE
Standardization of the Homeric Texts Possibly Begins
668 BCE – 627 BCE
Knowledge as Power: King Ashurbanipal Forms the Earliest Systematically…
Circa 500 BCEThe Pyrgi Tablets: Bilingual Etruscan and Phoenician Text Inscribed in Gold Circa 450 BCEThe Beginnings of the Book Trade in Greece 440 BCE – 435 BCE
One of the earliest surviving images of anyone reading a papyrus roll, preserved in the Louvre. (View Larger)
One of the Earliest Images of Someone Reading a Papyrus Roll
Circa 420 BCEThe Derveni Papyrus, The Earliest Surviving European Manuscript 399 BCE
A bust of Xenophon. (View Larger)
Export of Papyrus Rolls from Greece to the Euxine Coast
Circa 350 BCEProbably the Earliest Surviving Papyrus of a Greek Text Circa 350 BCEThe First Description of Book Scorpions, by Aristotle Circa 300 BCE
The Royal Library of Alexandria: The Largest Collection of Recorded Information…
300 BCE – 68 CE
A column of the Copper Scroll found in Cave Three.
The Dead Sea Scrolls
Circa 300 BCEThe Beginnings of Latin Literature Circa 300 BCE
Several of the Guodian Chu Slips. (View Larger)
The Guodian Chu Slips: "Like the Discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls"
Circa 280 BCE
Fragments of the Odyssey, most likely copied in Alexandria.
Philology Probably Begins at the Royal Library of Alexandria
Circa 275 BCEA "Wild" or "Eccentric" Papyrus of the Iliad Circa 250 BCE
An example of Lishu, or Clerkly Script, developed by Chinese Bureaucrats to be written with a brush.
Writing on Bamboo and Silk
Circa 250 BCE – 50 CEThe Septuagint Circa 250 BCEThe Only Extant Ancient Linen Book and the Longest Etruscan Text Circa 200 BCE
A digital recreation of the Library of Alexandria.
The Origins of Bibliography
Circa 200 BCE – 200 CEThe Very Long Process of Canonization of the Hebrew Bible 197 BCE – 159 BCE
The ruins of the Library.
The Library of Pergamum (Pergamon) is Founded
Circa 175 BCE
A Taoist text preserved on silk and discovered in Mawangui in 1973.
The Mawangui Silk Texts
Circa 150 BCE – 100 BCE
The Nash Papyrus. (View Larger)
The Nash Fragment of the Ten Commandments: The Oldest Hebrew Manuscript…
Circa 100 BCEThe Earliest Bookbindings Circa 90 BCEThe Earliest Treatise on Mnemonics Circa 70 BCE
Marcus Tullius Cicero. (View Larger)
The Book Trade in Cicero's Rome
Circa 70 BCE – 100 CEDetails of the Roman Book Trade 63 BCE
Vindolanda Tablet 122 with Latin shorthand, possibly notae Tironianae, c.90-130 CE. (View Larger)
Possibly the Earliest System of Shorthand
Circa 50 BCE – 25 CEThe Oldest Surviving Manuscript of Latin Poetry Circa 49 CE
A marble bust of Seneca preserved in the Antikensammlung Berlin. (View Larger)
Seneca Denounces Book Collectors and Even the Library of Alexandria
Circa 50 CE – 200 CE
Hero of Alexandria
Automata Invented by Heron of Alexandria
Circa 50 CE
The Oldest Surviving Substantial Collection of Buddhist Manuscripts: The…
Circa 65 CE – 150 CEThe New Testament Was Probably Written over Less than a Century Circa 70 CE – 110 CE
The four authors.
Composition of the Four Gospels
Circa 75 CE – 125 CE
The diagram, which accompanies proposition five of Book II of the Elements, is preserved in the University of Pennsylvania. (View Larger)
One of the Oldest and Most Complete Diagrams from Euclid
79 CE – 2015Discoveries of Greek & Roman Papyri in the Library of the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum, the Only Library Preserved Intact from Graeco-Roman Times Circa 80 CE
Figure nine from Clark's 'The Care of Books,' depicting a Roman reader with his scroll. (View Larger)
The Characteristics of Roman Papyrus Rolls
Circa 80 CE
Figure eleven of Clark's 'On the Care of Books,' depicting 'pigeon holes,' the Roman equivalent of book shelves. (View Larger)
Storing Papyrus Rolls in "Pigeon-Holes"
84 CE – 86 CE
A portrait of Martial.
The First Mention of Literary Works Published in Parchment Codices
Circa 100 CE – 178 CE
At Alexandria Ptolemy Writes the Almagest, the Cosmographia, and the Tetrabiblos
Circa 100 CE – 160 CE
The recto side of the Saint John Fragment. (View Larger)
The Earliest Known Fragment from a Papyrus Codex of the New Testament
Circa 100 CE – 250 CE
The fragment of De Bellis Macedonicis, the oldest suriving remains of a Latin manuscreipt written on parchment rather than papyrus. (View Larger)
The Sole Surviving Example of Roman Literary Cursive Script and the Earliest…
Circa 125 CE
The Michigan Instrumental Papyrus. (View Larger)
Ancient Musical Notation
132 CE – 135 CEIn the "Cave of Letters" Discovery of Papyri Recording Israel's Second Century Revolt Against Roman Rule Circa 150 CE – 450 CE
Several of the leather-bound codices of the Nag Hammadi Library. (View Larger)
The Form of the Manuscript Book Gradually Shifts from the Roll to the Codex
Circa 150 CEA Door-to-Door Bookseller in Egypt, Second Century CE Circa 150 CECommercial and Private Book Trade in 2nd Century Egypt Circa 150 CEThe Bankes Homer: One of the Best Preserved Papyri of Homer Circa 170 CELucian's Diatribe on the "Ignorant Book Collector" 175 CE – 225 CE
Fragment 75. (View Larger)
The Oldest Surviving Fragment from the Gospel of Luke
Circa 175 CE – 250 CEOne of the Oldest Papyrus Codices of the New Testament 192 CEGrief at the Loss of a Personal Library: Rediscovery of a Long Lost Treatise by Galen on Books and Libraries Circa 200 CE
The front side of the first Egerton papyrus fragment.
The Egerton Gospel: One of the Earliest Known Fragments of Any Gospel
Circa 200 CE – 300 CEThe Making of a Gospel Book Circa 200 CE – 400 CEThe Transition from the Roll to the Codex Resulted in Both Survival and Destruction of Information Circa 200 CEThe Definition of Book Includes Codices as Well as Rolls Circa 200 CE
The earliest depiction of a Roman book cabinet. (View Larger)
The Earliest Image of a Book Cabinet or Armarium
Circa 234 CE – 253 CEOrigen's Hexapla: Made Possible by the Codex Form, and the First Codices to Display Information in Tabular Form Circa 250 CE
The Heracles Papyrus. (View Larger)
One of the Few Scraps of Classical Literary Illustration on Papyrus
Circa 250 CE
Fragment 2687 of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri, which supplements fragment 9. (View Larger)
Greek Writings on Music and Rhythm
Circa 250 CEThe Crosby-Schoyen Codex: One of the Earliest Extant Papyrus Codices, Probably from the Earliest Monastery Library Circa 250 CE – 350 CEThe Earliest Stage of Half-Uncial Circa 250 CEThe Earliest Known Greek Manuscript of the Four Gospels 251 CEDeath of Wei Tan, Discoverer of Ink February 28, 256 CEWarrant for the Arrest of a Christian: One of the Earliest Surviving Recorded Uses of the Word Christian Circa 275 CE
Side A of Oxyrhyncus Papyrus 2547. (View Larger)
Perhaps the Earliest Surviving Text of the Hippocratic Oath
Circa 280 CE – 340 CE
A portrait of Eusebius of Caesarea. (View Larger)
One of the Earliest, Most Widely-Used Cross-Indexing Systems
Circa 280 CE – 339 CEReconstruction of the Contents of the Library of Eusebius 284 CE – 305 CE
The Imperial Library at Nicomedia
300 CE – 350 CE
Codex IV found at Nag Hammadi. (View Larger)
Early Christian Papyrus Codices in Coptic Bindings
Circa 300 CE – 700The Transition from Papyrus to Parchment Circa 300 CEOne of the Earliest Complete Papyrus Codices on a Secular Subject 303 CE
Piece of the edict in Pergamonmuseum Berlin.
Costs of Professional Writing Measured by the Normal Length of a Line in a Verse of Virgil
May 19, 303 CEAs a Result of Diocletian's Edict, Police Seize Thirty-Four Biblical Manuscripts in Africa Circa 308 CE – 326 CEEusebius Introduces His Tabular Timeline System Circa 313 CE – 326 CEThe First Full Length Historical Narrative Written from the Christian Point of View 318 CE – 323 CEThe Role of Books in the Rule of the Earliest Christian Monasteries Circa 320 CEA Sarcophagus Showing a Greek Physician in His Library Circa 325 CE – 350 CE
A page from the Codex Vaticanus. (View Larger)
The Codex Vaticanus
326 CE – 327 CEContantine Orders Fifty Luxurious Bibles for the Churches of Constantinople Circa 330 CE – 360 CE
The Codex Sinaiticus. (View Larger)
The Codex Sinaiticus
330 CE – 1453The Decline of Literacy in the Byzantine Empire 330 CE – 1453The Limitations of Book Production and Book Trade in the Byzantine Empire Circa 337 CE – 378 CE
Detail of image from De rebus bellicis showing fanciful ox-powered wheel boat.  Please click to view entire image.
De rebus bellicis, Including Images of War Machines
Circa 350 CE
Folio from Codex Vercellensis. (View Larger)
The Earliest Surviving Manuscript of the Old Latin Gospels
Circa 350 CE – 450 CEThe Oldest Surviving Manuscript of the Comedies of Terence Circa 350 CE – 825The Earliest Surviving Document of the Christian Book Trade and Stichometry Circa 350 CE – 475 CE
A bust of Fronto. (View Larger)
"To Fronto Belongs the Unique Distinction of Surviving Solely as the Lower…
Circa 350 CE
The recto side of P.Oslo I 4, a section of the mentioned papyrus. (View  Larger)
The Most Richly Illustrated Greek Papyrus
Circa 350 CE
One of the four leaves of the Vergilius Augusteus that resides in the Vatican Library.(View Larger)
The Earliest of Two Surviving Examples of Codices Written Entirely in Roman…
Circa 350 CE – 650Origins of the Lateran Library, Precursor of the Vatican Library Circa 350 CEThe Earliest and Largest Part of the Surviving Text of Cicero's De re publica Was Preserved in a Palimpsest Circa 350 CE – 450 CEBiblical and Roman Law: Precursor of Footnotes; Early Uniform Pagination Circa 350 CEThe Most Widely Used Medieval Grammar 350 CE – 550One of the Earliest Treatises on Indian Medicine, Written on Birch Bark Circa 350 CEThe Largest Papyrus Codex and the Earliest to Use Red Ink for Titles 354 CE
Title page from the Chronography of 354. (View Larger)
The Earliest Dated Codex with Full-Page Illustrations
Circa 375 CE – 425 CE
A page from Codex Bezae Cantabridgensis. (View Larger)
The Codex Bezae Cantabridgensis
Circa 375 CEThe Syriac Sinaiticus: The Oldest Translation of the Bible Circa 380 CE
Vergilius Vaticanus
Herald of Christianity and Magus: One of the Oldest Surviving Illustrated…
384 CE
Saint Jerome. (View Larger)
St. Jerome Criticizes Luxurious Manuscripts
Circa 385 CEThe Last Major Surviving Historical Account of the Late Roman Empire Circa 390 CE
The recto side of Folio Two of Quedlinburg Itala. (View Larger)
The Oldest Surviving Illustrated Biblical Manuscript
Circa 390 CEThe Only Ancient Manual of Roman Military Instructions that Survived Intact 391 CEEarly Christians May Have Destroyed What Remained of the Alexandrian Library Because of its Pagan Contents 392 CE
The First Collection of Bio-Bibliographies
397 CE – 1470Augustine on Silent Reading 397 CE – 398 CEThe First Western Autobiography Circa 400 CE
The Charioteer Papyrus
Circa 400 CE
Page 215 of MS G.67, depicting the acts of the apostles. (View Larger)
"The Earliest Evidence for Tooling on a Leather Bookbinding"
Circa 400 CE
The Johnson Papyrus, a fragment of an early fifth century herbal. (View Larger)
The Oldest Extant Book Illustrations of Plants
Circa 400 CE – 600At the Beginning of the Dark Ages Production of New Manuscripts Essentially Ceased Circa 400 CEA Diptych Depicting Roman Orators Holding Papyrus Rolls Circa 400 CEThe Durability of Papyrus 400 CE – 800The "Architecture" of Early Latin Gospel Books Circa 400 CE – 600The Oldest Manuscript Collection Surviving in Pakistan and India 406 CE
The mentioned diptych, portraying Emperor Honorius in both panels.
The Oldest Surviving Consular Diptych
Circa 420 CEOne of the Few Surviving Sources for the Administrative Structure of the Late Roman Empire Circa 425 CE
A section of the Codex Ephraemi from the National Library in Paris, containing Matt. 20:16-23. (View Larger)
An Early Fifth Century Palimpsest
Circa 425 CEThe Earliest Surviving Copy of the Vulgate Gospels 426 CE – 450 CEThe Earliest Image of Codices in a Book Cabinet and Possibly the Earliest Image of a Bookbinding in Wall Art 431 CEThe Introduction of Christianity to the Irish Circa 450 CE – 550
Fragment 26v of the Cotton Genesis, depicting Abraham. (View Larger)
Fragments of a Fifth or Sixth Century Codex
Circa 450 CEThe Earliest Treasure Bookcovers: Made of Ivory or Precious Metals Circa 450 CEThe Codex Alexandrinus Circa 450 CE – 650The Church Assumes Role of Educator and Civil Service for the Tribal Kingdoms Circa 450 CE – 650The Church Replaces the Roman State as the Source of Order and Stability Circa 450 CEThe Smallest Codex Known from Antiquity Circa 450 CEThe Codex Mediceus of Virgil Circa 450 CEHesychius of Alexandria's Dictionary Survived in Only One Deeply Corrupt Renaissance Manuscript 493 CE – 508
Achilles sacrificing to Zeus from the Ambrosian Iliad. (View Larger)
The Only Illustrated Homer from Antiquity
Circa 500 CE – 1554
A page from Corpus Agrimensorum Romanorum, depicting a perspective of a house and the boundaries of the property on which it was built. (View Larger)
One of Few Surviving "Scientific" Manuscripts from Late Antiquity
Circa 500 CE
Example of a colophon at the end of a papyrus roll from the seventh century BC.  As is customary in ancient Greek books, the last line of the last poem (marked by the cronis in the margin) is followed by the name of the author and title (Sappho, Lyrics); the book number (beta = 2) is given in the next line, both decorated with top and bottom-lines.
The Format of the Book Evolved with the Transition to the Codex
Circa 500 CE – 650
The manuscript before and after restoration and repagination. Image from June 2010 edition of The Arts Newspaper. (View Larger)
Possibly the Earliest Surviving Illuminated Christian Manuscripts
Circa 512
An illustration of illustration of the species 'Akoniton napellus,' folio 67v. (View Larger)
Probably the Most Beautiful of the Earliest Surviving Scientific Codices
Circa 520
A page from the Codex Argenteus. (View Larger)
The Codex Argenteus, The Primary Surviving Example of the Gothic Language
Circa 524 – 1300How the Middle Ages Processed and Recycled Roman Culture 529
St. Benedict. (Click to view larger.)
St. Benedict Founds the Abbey at Monte Cassino and Later Formulates his…
533 – 555
Littera Florentina. (Click to view larger.)
An Almost Unique Witness to the Original Justinian Digest
534The Deterioration of Libraries, Publishing and Educational Institutions in Italy by the Sixth Century Circa – 540
The Vienna Genesis. (Click to view larger.)
Considered the Oldest, Well-Preserved Illustrated Biblical Codex
Circa 550
Canon tables from Codex Brixianus. (View Larger)
The Codex Brixianus
Circa 550
Folios 23v and 24r of the Codex Petropolitanus Purpureus. (View Larger)
Written in the Imperial Scriptorium of Constantinople and Dismembered by…
Circa 550 – 650
Folio 46r from the Syriac Bible, depicting Job. (View Larger)
The Syriac Bible of Paris
Circa 550 – 750The Dark Ages for Study of the Classics on the European Continent Circa 550
The Antioch Chalice, with which the bookcovers were found.
The First Surviving Metal Bookcovers
Circa 550 – 625
Folios 33v-34r from MS. Ashmole 1431, an eleventh century copy of the Herbal of Pseudo-Apuleius. (View Larger)
The Herbal of Pseudo-Apuleius
Circa 550
Several pages from te Codex Climaci Rescriptus. (View Larger)
The Earliest Manuscript of the New Testament in Christian Palestinian Aramaic
Circa 550
Alaric II, as depicted on a Visigothic coin. (View Larger)
One of the Earliest Surviving Legal Codices
Circa 550
A color plate from Bordier's paleographic study comparing the two separated portions of one of hte earliest suriviving European papyrus codices.
Among the Earliest Surviving European Papyrus Codices
Circa 550
Detail from page of Sinope Gospel.  Please click to see entire image.  From C. de Hamel, The Book. A History of The Bible (2001)  54.
The Codex Sinopensis or Sinope Gospels
Circa 550"A Public Popularity for Books Never Existed in Antiquity" Circa 550The Codex Zacynthius: The Oldest Codex That Has Both Text and Commentary in Uncial Script Circa 555
An illumination of Christ found in the Rossano Gospels. (Click to view larger.)
One of the Oldest Surviving Illuminated Manuscripts of the New Testament
Circa 560
An image from Codex Amiantinus. (Click to view larger.)
The Scriptorium and Library at the Vivarium
Circa 560 – 600
A page from the Cathach of St. Columba. (View Larger)
The Earliest Surviving Manuscript Written in Ireland, the Oldest Surviving…
Circa 575 – 599
A canon table from Harley 1775, from the British Library. (View Larger)
"Source Z" for the Latin New Testament
Circa 580 – 620
A folio from the Ashburnham Pentateuch depicting Cane and Abel. (View larger)
The Ashburnham Pentateuch
585 – 590
Saint Columbanus.
The Monastery and Library at Luxeuil is Founded and Subsequently Sacked,…
Circa 585The End of the Continuity of Late Latin Culture in Most of Italy 586
Folio 13v from the Rabula Gospels, depicting the ascension of Christ. (View larger)
Signed by the Scribe Rabbula in 586
590 – 604
The beginning of Regula pastoralis. The first three lines, in colored ink, have run or faded. (View Larger)
A Manuscript Probably Written in Pope Gregory's Scriptorium
Sui emperor Wen-ti. (View Larger)
The First Mention of Printing in China
St. Augustine of Canterbury. (View Larger)
Augustine of Canterbury Preaches to the Anglo-Saxons
Folio 129v of the St. Augustine Gospels, depicting Luke. (View Larger)
A Volume Brought by St. Augustine to England in 597
Circa 600
(View Larger)
The Earliest Western Metalwork Bookcovers
Circa 600
Tablet 3v of the Springmount Bog Tablets. (National Museum. Dublin, 1914: 2) (View Larger)
The Springmount Bog Wax Tablets
Circa 610 – 613
The name of Mohammed written in classic calligraphy. (View Larger)
The Qur'an
Circa 610 – 1200During the Middle Ages Book Production is Concentrated in Monasteries Circa 610
A wooden wax tablet with bronze stylus and eraser, originating from Egpyt circa 600. (View Larger)
During the Middle Ages Wax Tablets Are Widely Used
Saint Columbanus (View larger)
Foundation of the Monastery and Library at Bobbio
Circa 625
Folio 149v of the Codex Usserianus Primus.
Possibly the Earliest Surviving Irish Codex
Circa 625
Folio 90v of the Naples Dioscurides, a description of the Mandrake. (View Larger)
The Naples Dioscorides
Circa 625The Bobbio Orosius, Containing the Earliest Surviving Carpet Page in Insular Art 627
York Minster (View Larger)
The Illuminated Gospel Book as a Tool for Evangelization
A portrait of emperor Taizong of Tang on a hanging silk scroll, currently preserved in the National Palace Museum in Taipei. (View Larger)
A Library Containing "54,000 Rolls"
627 – 649The Origins of Printing in China Circa 633Excepting the Bible, Probably the Most Widely Circulated Educational Work During the Middle Ages 641
Canon 22 of the Council of Nicea II (British Museum, MS Barocci 26, fol. 140b), where the top is written in minuscule and the bottom in unical.(View Larger)
Arab Conquest of Egypt Resulted in Smaller Exports of Papyrus-- A Probable…
Circa 650 – 750
This golden lion, folio 191v of the Book of Durrow, is the symbol of St. John. (View Larer)
The Book of Durrow
Circa 650
Folio 193 from the Book of Mulling. (View larger)
The Book of Mulling
Circa 650
The binding of the Stonyhurst Gospel. (View Larger)
The Earliest European Book that Survived Completely Intact in its Original…
Circa 650 – 750
MS M.569 of the Pierpont Morgan Library, considered the finest surviving Coptic bookbinding. (View Larger)
The Finest Surviving Coptic Bookbinding
650 – 699The Earliest Surviving Specimens of Woodblock Printing on Paper Circa 650The Earliest Surviving Latin Single-Volume Bible Circa 653The Uthman Qur'an, One of the Earliest Surviving Manuscripts of the Qur'an 659 – 661
The Abbey at Corbie. (View Larger)
Foundation of Corbie Abbey, Renowned for its Library
One of the Qu'ran fragments found in the loft of the Great Mosque in 1972. (View Larger)
The Sana'a Palimpsest, One of the Earliest Surviving Manuscripts of the…
Circa 675 – 750The Codex Parisino-Petropolitanus, One of the Oldest Surviving Manuscripts of the Qur'an 677 – 1100Continuing Use of Papyrus through the Eleventh Century Circa 685 – 710
A page from the Ceolfrid Bible. (View Larger)
The Ceolfrid Bible
Circa 688 – 716
Folio 5r of Codex Amiatinus, showing Ezra. (View Larger)
The Codex Amiatinus: the Earliest Surviving Complete Bible in the Latin…
Circa 690 – 751The Oldest Surviving Block Printing from Korea? 715 – 720
Folio 27r of the Lindisfarne Gospels. (View Larger)
Creation of the Lindisfarne Gospels
Circa 715 – 720
(View Larger)
The Earliest Image of a Scribe Using a Writing Table
Circa 731
Historia ecclasiastica gentis Anglorum, folio 3v of Beda Petersburgiensis, dated 746. (View Larger)
The Foundation of English Historical Writing
Circa 750
Folio 11 of the Codex Aureus, inscribed in Old English. (View Larger)
The Stockholm Codex Aureus, Looted Twice by Vikings
Circa 750 – 950Early Chinese Bookbinding Techniques as Practiced in Dunhuang Circa 750 – 850The Most Lavishly Illustrated Byzantine Manuscript Circa 750 – 975The Graeco-Arabic Translation Movement in Baghdad Circa 770Production of Manuscripts and Interest in Books Begins in Germany in the Last Third of the Eighth Century 772 – 781The Earliest Datable Application of Carolingian Minuscule Circa 780 – 820The Contributions of the Emperor Charlemagne and the Educator Alcuin to the Carolingian Renaissance Circa 780A Book of Psalms from the Late 8th Century Found in a Bog in 2006 Circa 780 – 875About 7000 Manuscripts and Fragments Survive from the Late 8th and 9th Centuries 781 – 783The Earliest Example of the Carolingian Illumination Style 783 – 795
A facsimile of the Dagulf Psalter, also known as the Golden Psalter. (View Larger)
The First Treasure Binding Associated with its Original Codex
Circa 790
An image depicting the crucifixion of Christ, found in the Gellone Sacramentary. (View Larger)
The Gellone Sacramentary: a Masterpiece of Carolingian Manuscript Illumination
794 – 800Used by Charlemagne at his Coronation as Holy Roman Emperor Circa 800
The Book of Kells.
The Book of Kells
800 – 860"Mass Production" of Bibles at Tours: A "New" Development in Medieval Book Production Circa 800The Oldest Surviving Manuscript Written on Arab Paper Circa 816 – 841
A portrait of Matthew from the Ebbo Gospels. (View Larger)
An Unusual, Energetic Style of Illustration
Circa 816 – 850
Page from Utretch Psalter.
The Utrecht Psalter, "The Most Frequently Studied of All Illuminated Books"
Circa 818 – 1600The Leiden Aratea Manuscript of Ancient Constellations & the First Printed Facsimile of a Medieval Illuminated Manuscript Circa 820 – 830
Leaf 2r of the Stuttgart Psalter (Folio Bible 23 in the Wurttenmbergische Landesbibliothek). (View Larger)
"A Perfect Relationship between Text and Picture"
Detail of folios 4v/5r of the Vaticanus Latinus 3868.  Please click to view entire image.
"The most ingenious and expressive work of narrative art known from all of Late Antiquity"
825 – 850
A folio from the Bern Physiologus. (View Larger)
Medieval Natural History Bestseller
Circa 825The Earliest Surviving Text of Lucretius's De rerum natura 848 – 866The Oldest Complete Dated Book in Arabic Written on Paper Circa 850
An icon depicting St. Photius. (View Larger)
The First Byzantine Encylopedia
Circa 850The Oldest Western Medical Document after the Hippocratic Writings, and How it Survived the Middle Ages Circa 850Perhaps the Oldest Surviving Jewish Prayer Book Circa 850Gregory the Great Writing, as Depicted in an Ivory Book Cover Circa 850 – 1050The Text of Tacitus' Annals and Histories Survived in Only Two Manuscripts May 11, 868
A portion of the Diamond Sutra. (View Larger)
The Earliest Surviving Dated Complete Printed Book
870The Codex Aureus of St. Emmeram October 20, 879The Earliest-Known Manuscript of the Arabian Nights 888
The second page of MS. d'Orville 301. (View Larger)
The Oldest Dated Manuscript of a Classical Greek Author
Circa 900Jews Adopted the Codex Around 900 Circa 900
Folio 201r of Florence, Laurentian Pluteus 74.7, depicting an orthopedic procedure involving a ladder and pulley. (View Larger)
The Earliest Surviving Illustrated Surgical Codex
Circa 900
Folio 1r of Harley MS 55, the only surviving copy of the Leechbook of Bald. The manuscript resides in the British Library. (View Larger)
One of the Oldest Medical or Scientific Treatises Written in English
Circa 930
The Book of Judges, chapters 1:15 to 2:1, from the Aleppo Codex. (View Larger)
The Earliest Surviving Manuscript of the Complete Hebrew Bible
930 – 960"The Junius Manuscript": An Illustrated Codex of Old English Literature Circa 950
A portrait of Luke on Folio 29v of the Book of Deer. (View Larger)
Possibly the Earliest Surviving Manuscript Produced in Scotland
Circa 950
Folio 12r of Venetus A. (View Larger)
The Most Famous, and Most Significant Manuscript of the Iliad
Circa 950 – 960
A small sampling of Aldred's gloss of the Gospels. (View Larger)
The Oldest Surviving Translation of the Gospels into English
Circa 950The Massive Byzantine Encyclopedic Dictionary Circa 950The Earliest Recorded Book Auction Circa 950The Archimedes Palimpsest: Recovering the Lost Mathematics of Archimedes Circa 950The Paris Psalter: The Most Famous Illuminated Byzantine Codex Circa 960 – 990The Exeter Book: The Largest Original Collection of Old English Literature 988 – 990The Earliest Universal Bibliography Circa 998 – 1001
Detail from page of the The Gospels of Otto III.  Please click to view entire image.
Possibly the Most Valuable Book in the World
998 – 1030The Oldest Book in Rus', a "Hyper-Palimpsest" of Three Bound Wooden Wax Tablets Circa 1000The Earliest Use of Catchwords 1009 – 1010
Folios 325r and 326v of MS. Marsh 144, depicting the constellation Orion. (View Larger)
The Oldest Surviving Illustrated Manuscript Written in Arabic
March 15, 1015The Scribe Sujātabhadra Writes Aṣṭasahāsrikā Prajñāparamitā on 222 Palm-Leaf Folios Circa 1020
The front of the book-shaped reliquary. (View Larger)
Book-Shaped Reliquary from the Circle of the Master of the Registrum Gregorii
Circa 1025Production of Medieval Arabic Manuscripts Circa 1025
One of the oldest Scottish books remaining in Scotland: a psalter nearly 1,000 years old. (View Larger
The Oldest Scottish Book Remaining in Scotland
Circa 1050 – 1150
Page 74 of the Dresden Codex, depicting a great flood, flowing from the mouth of a celestial dragon. This represents the Central American notion of apocolypse. (View Larger)
The Earliest Surviving Book Written in the Americas
Circa 1050"About 100,000 handwritten Hebrew codices and their remains have survived...." 1056 – 1057The Ostomir Gospels, the Second Earliest East Slavonic Book Circa 1075 – 1098
Folio 1r of the manuscript of Liber Pantegni preserved in the Koninklijke Bibliotheek. (View Larger)
The Earliest Surviving Manuscript of the Earliest Western Medical Treatise
Circa 1075 – 1225The VIDI Project: "Manuscript Innovation in the Twelfth-Century Renaissance" Circa 1110The Codex Ebnerianus and Early Manuscript Scholarship 1119Printing in Clay by the Typographic Principle in Germany in 1119 Circa 1150
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Twelfth Century Images of the Processes in Book Production
Circa 1150
A heavily glossed manuscript of Libri Quattuor Sententiarum by Peter Lombard, whose usage of margin notes for citations is considered by some to be the direct antecedent of modern scholarly footnotes. (View Larger)
"Ancestor of the Modern Scholarly Apparatus of Footnotes"
Circa 1155 – 1170The Eadwine Psalter, Masterpiece of Book Production in the Twelfth Century Renaissance Circa 1170Origins of the Paris Book Trade Circa 1170
Folio 7v of the Hungarian Psalter: a miniature depicting, on top, the creation of Adam, and, on bottom, the temptation of Adam by Eve. (View Larger)
The Hunterian Psalter
1180 – 1575Factors Influencing the Development of the French Language, Literature, and Book Production Circa 1185 – 1210Limoges Enamel Book Cover Plaque March 16, 1190
Clifford's Tower. (View Larger)
Massacre of the Jewish Community of York, England Reflected in the Survival…
Circa 1200
Detail of image depicting a monk at work in a medieval scriptorium (Lacroix).  Please click to view entire image.
Beginnings of an Active Book Trade in Europe Outside of Monasteries
Circa 1200Production of Medieval Manuscript Codices: a Video April 4, 1228Introduction of the Pecia System 1229
The Cover of Codex Gigas: 92cm tall, 50 cm wide. (View Larger)
The Largest Extant Medieval Manuscript: The Devil's Bible
Circa 1230 – 1275
Folio 1r of Fr. 1573 at the Bibliotheque Nationale, the earliest extant copy of 'Le Roman de la Rose.' (View Larger)
Le Roman de la Rose: A Medieval Best Seller
Circa 1230 – 1300Finding Devices Developed During This Time Are Perhaps the Most Significant in the History of the Book Circa 1240The "De Brailes Hours," The Earliest Surviving English Book of Hours Circa 1250
Rome and its vicinity, as depicted on a reproduction the Tabula Peutingeriana. (View Full Map - Very Large)
The Tabula Peutingeriana: the only Roman World Map that Survived from Antiquity
1250 – 1550From 1250 to 1550 More Books of Hours Were Produced by Hand & by Press than Any Other Type of Book Circa 1250The Most Extensive Medieval Encyclopedia 1265 – 1268
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139 Professional Scribes Are Working in Bologna
Circa 1270
Humbert de Romans, Dominican scholar who promulgated the notion of arranging books by subject matter.
The Arrangement and Cataloguing of Books
From a late 14th century copy of Richard de Fournival's 'Biblionomia.' A catalog of the section on philosophy, in which books are described by their dimensions. (View Larger)
Foundation of the Library of the Sorbonne, and "Perhaps the Earliest Specific…
1278 – 1325The "North French Hebrew Miscellany": More a Library than a Book Circa 1280
Autograph Manuscript by Ibn-al-Nafis on the Art of Medicine
1298 – 1299
Folio 54r from a facsimile of 'Le divisament dou monde,' preserved at the University of Graz, in Germany. (View Larger)
The Lure and Romance of Travel to the East
1299 – 1301The Planudean Anthology as Basis for the Anthologia Graeca Circa 1300Lay Readers and Book Owners by the End of the 14th Century Circa 1300
Four of twelve metal Chinese characters thought to be the world's oldest extant moveable type.
Perhaps the Earliest Movable Metal Type
Circa 1300 – 1320Ivory Booklet with Scenes of the Passion Circa 1300 Insight into the Production of Medieval Books Circa 1304 – 1340
Folio 323r of Codex Manesse: a portrait of Reinmar dictating poetry scribes, one of which bears a wax tablet. (View Larger)
The Use of Manuscript Rolls in the Middle Ages
Circa 1304 – 1309
Folio 11 of MS M.232, the Morgan Library's 1470 Belgian manuscript of Ruralia Commoda. (View Larger)
Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, and Horticulture
Circa 1306The Most Widely Used Medieval Florilegium or Anthology: Cutting Edge Information Technology for the Time 1307 – 1308The Earliest Surviving English Paper Codex, and the Earliest Recorded Use of Paper in England 1307
A scene from Rashid al-Din Tabib's 'Jami al-Tawarikh' in which the Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam. (View Larger)
Islamic History Containing the Earliest Notice of Chinese Printing from…
1308 – 1321
A statue of Dante at the Uffizi. (View Larger)
Dante Alighieri's "Divina Commedia"
1309 – 1500The Speculum humanae salvationis 1320 – 1340The Luttrell Psalter, Preserving the Memory of Ordinary Folk Alongside the Mighty and the Wealthy Circa 1340The Oldest Known English Public Advertisement Circa 1340French Portable Information Retrieval Device 1343A Painted Wood Panel that Once Covered an Account Book 1345 – 1473
The seal of Richard de Bury. (View Larger)
Philobiblon, Perhaps the Earliest Treatise on Book Collecting and on Preserving…
1345Petrarch Discovers Cicero's Letters to Atticus Circa 1350
From the Sarajevo Haggadah: Moses upon Sinai, holding the Ten Commandments. (View Larger)
The Oldest Sephardic Haggadah
1374 – 1375The Relative Costs of the Components of Medieval Manuscripts Circa 1375
Folio 1v of Omne Bonum upon which is drawn the four scenes of creation: God creating fish; God creating animals; the Creation of Adam; the Creation of Eve. (View Larger)
The First Encyclopedia Arranged in Alphabetical Order
The Earliest Surviving Book Printed from Movable Metal Type
1382Costs for a Missal Produced in 1382 Circa 1390
A recipe for pork in a sage sauce, from The Forme of Cury. (View Larger)
One of the Oldest Known Manuscripts on Cookery in English, Written in the…
Circa 1399 – 1416Saint Catherine in her Study with her Revolving Bookstand 1403
The seal of the Guild of Stationers.
The Guild of Stationers is Founded
1403 – 1408
A page of the Yongle Encyclopedia. (View Larger)
The Yongle Encyclopedia in 11,095 Volumes, Organized Following a Rhyming…
Circa 1404 – 1438
Several pages from the indecipherable Voynich Manuscript. (View Larger)
The Voynich Manuscript: Uncrackable Code or Great Written Hoax? Progress…
Circa 1410 – 1430The Bedford Hours and its History Circa 1415 – 1420Portable Medieval English Information Retrieval Device Circa 1415 – 1421One of the Oldest Surviving Collections of English Part Music April 5, 1422 – June 2, 1430The Alba Bible, A Spectacular Record of Religious Tolerance Circa 1430The Aztec Emperor Itzcoatl Orders the Burning of All Historical Codices July 31, 1437Description of Textile Printing and Manuscript Illumination as Well as Painting Circa 1440 – 1475From About 1440 -1470 the Production of Manuscript Books Increased; From 1471 to 1490, with the Increase of Printed Book Production, Manuscript Book Production Declined 1440Vespasiano da Bisticci, Leading Bookseller of Florence Before the Era of Print 1441 – 1473"The Imitation of Christ" Circa 1442Origins of the Three-Period Framework of History: Ancient, Middle Ages, and Modern Circa 1449 – 1472
Detail of painting showing presentation by Jean Miélot to
The Most Extensively Portrayed Late Medieval Scribe and Author
1450 – 1571
A woodcut from the Nuremburg Chronicle, showing Erfurt, 1493.
The Library of Hartmann Schedel, One of the Largest Libraries Formed by an Individual in the 15th Century
1450 – 1600A Summary of Printed Outputs Throughout Europe, 1450-1600 Circa 1450
The Göttingen Model Book, dating to the mid-15th century, contains instructions for the ornamentation of books and the creation of pigments. These methods can be seen in practice in several early Gutenberg Bibles. (View Larger)
Model Book for Manuscript and Printed Book Illumination
1450 – 1460
Detail of page from Philip the Good's Book of Hours.  Please click to view entire image.
The Hours of Philip the Good, Illuminated with Miniatures Using the Grisaille Technique
Circa 1452 – 1453
The Sibyllenbuch fragment, the oldest surviving piece of a European book printed with movable type, contains a portion of a German poem about the fate of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Earliest Surviving Remnant of Any European Book Printed by Movable…
1452 – 1483
Lorenzo Valla (View Larger)
The First Latin Translation of Thucydides
April 4, 1452 – July 9, 1453
The Giant Bible of Mainz, copied by hand in large characters as to be read from a lectern, shares many artistic characteristics with the Gutenberg Bible, and may haver served as a model for it. (View Larger)
The Giant Bible of Mainz: Possibly the Model for the Typography in the…
Circa 1454Possibly the First Printed Edition Donatus's "Ars minor", the Most Widely Used Medieval Grammar October 22, 1454
The 31-line indulgence preserved in the Scheide Library at Princeton.
The Earliest Dated European Document Printed by Movable Type
1455 – 1456
The 42-line Gutenberg Bible, completed in in 1456 by Johannes Gutenberg, Johann Fust & Peter Schöffer, is the earliest European book printed from movable type, by a process of Gutenberg's own invention. (View Larger)
Gutenberg Prints the 42-Line Bible
March 12, 1455
An image of Pope Pius II in blessing, from a biographical fresco in the Cathedral Library of Siena. (View Larger)
"The Sale of a Printed Bible"
November 6, 1455
The notarial document, drafted by Ulrich Helmasperger, clerk of the Bishopric of Bamberg, royal notary and certified public recorder at the Court of the Archbishop of Mainz, which provides the only contemporary account of the suit filed by Fust against Gutenberg. (View Larger)
Fust Files a Lawsuit against Gutenberg to Recover Money Used for the "Work…
1456The Aderlasskalender, the First Known Medical or Scientific Work to be Printed, Surviving in Only One Copy June 29, 1456
Johannes Gutenberg printed the only surviving copy of the Bulla Thurcorum, which instituted special prayers for Christians during the Turkish encroachment in the Balkans as part of an effort to galvanize European unity in preparation for another Crusade. (View Larger)
The Bulla Turcorum of Calixtus III, of Which One Copy Survives
August 14, 1457
The colophon of the 1457 Mainz Psalter, featuring the first printer's mark. (View Larger)
The Mainz Psalter. . . .without "Any Driving of the Pen"
Circa 1458
A bust of Johannes Mentlin in the Humanist Library of Sélestat. (View Larger)
Johannes Mentelin, a Scribe and Illuminator Adopts the New Technology
Circa 1459 – 1461
The 36-line Bible, the second printed edition, was most likely published in Bamberg, Germany, around 1458-1460. No printers name appears in the book, but Johannes Gutenberg may have been involved in its publication. (View Larger)
The 36-Line Bible is Published
October 6, 1459
The first page of Guillelmus Duranti's Rationale divinorum officiorum. (View Larger)
Fust and Schöffer Publish the First Book Set in Fere-Humanistica or Gotico-Antiqua…
Circa 1460 – 1465An Intermediate Form Between a Collection of Prints and a Blockbook 1460
The Latin Bible printed by Johannes Mentelin in Strassbourg before 27 June 1466. ISTC No.: ib00624000.
Johannes Mentelin Issues the Second Printed Edition of the Bible
1460 – 1469Gutenberg's Last Production? An Early Form of Stereotyping? Circa 1460 – 1490
A page from Der Edelstein printed by Albrecht Pfister showing the integration of images with the printed text.
How the Relationship Between Text and Image Evolved in Early Printed Books in Essentially One Generation
Circa 1460Printing Required the Simplication of the Graphic Form of the Book February 14, 1461Albreht Pfister Publishes "Der Edelstein", the First Book Printed in German and the First Dated Book with Woodcuts 1462 – 1463
This Biblia Pauperum, or 'pauper's bible,' is the first known work to combine the woodcut images and movable type. (View Larger)
"Biblia pauperum", the First Combination of Text and Illustrations in One…
August 14, 1462
The Schöffer & Fust bible of 1462 was the first dated bible as well as the first to include a printer's mark. (View Larger)
Fust & Schöffer Issue the First Explicitly Dated Bible, with the First…
Manuscript Title page of Bulla Cruciata Contra Turcos
Pope Pius II's "Bulla Cruciata contra Turcos", the First Publication with a Separate Printed Title Page
Circa 1463
Page from the first book printed in Italy. Click on the image to see the entire image.
"Passione di Cristo", the First Book Printed in Italy
The first page of a manuscript of De oratore by Cicero, written and illuminated in Northern Italy in the 15th century, and preserved in the British Library
Cicero's "De oratore", Perhaps the First Book Printed in Italy
Detail from page of De officiis with Paradoxa Stoicorum.  Click on the image to see the entire page.
The First Three Printed Editions of Classical Texts, all by Cicero
Circa 1465 – 1475
The panel painting by Hans Memling depicting the Annunciation, with Mary reading from a manuscript. (Click on the image to view larger.)
Depiction of Mary Reading from a Manuscript Book by Hans Memling
October 29, 1465
Detail of page from Lactantius' Opera containing Greek text.  Please click on link to open and resize larger image showing full page.
Sweynheym & Pannartz Issue the First Dated Book Printed in Italy, Containing the First Printing in Greek
Portrait of Augustine of Hippo by Philippe de Champaigne.
An Anonymous Scholar Describes the Value and Difficulty of Preparing an Accurate Manuscript for Printing
1466 – 1471The First Printed Editions of the Speculum humanae salvationis 1467
Adolf Rusch's printing of the encyclopedia 'De Sermonum Propietate,
Adolf Rusch Issues the First Printed Encyclopedia, by Hrabanus Maurus
June 12, 1467
The first edition of St. Augustine's 'De Civitate Dei,' meaning City of God, is the oldest printed work for which the original manuscript remains. (View Larger)
Augustine's "De civitate dei", Possibly the Earliest Printed Book for which…
December 31, 1467
An engraved portrait of Juan de Torquemada from 1791. (Click on the image to view larger.)
Torquemada's "Mediationes", the Earliest Illustrated Printed Book Published in Italy
Portrait of Pope Paul II by Cristofano dell'Atissimo (1525-1605).
Printing Decreased the Costs of Books by 80%
1469 – 1470
Detail of page from Sweynheym and Pannartz's edition of the Opera of Virgil at Rome. (Please click on image to view the entire page.)
The First Printed Editions of Virgil
1469 – 1472
The 'Rome Incunabula,' a collection of six Jewish texts, are thought to be the oldest works printed in Hebrew. (View Larger)
The Earliest Books Printed in Hebrew
Circa 1469 – 1550The Extraordinary Productivity of Early Venetian Printers June 1469 – September 1470
A portrait of Peter Schoffer.
Peter Schöffer Issues the Earliest Surviving Book List Issued by a Printer
September 1469
Portrait of Andrea Navagero Beazzano and Augustine by Raphael, 1516. (Click on image to view larger.)
Johannes de Spira Becomes the First Printer in Venice
A 17th century engraving of The Sorbonne, Paris.
Heynlin & Fichet Establish the First Press in France
Circa 1470Three Ways that Printing Changed Manuscript Culture 1470
The typographer's mark of Venetian Nicolas Jensen, creator of the first Roman-style typeface. (View Larger)
Eusebius Caesariensis, "De evangelica praeparatione", the First Book Printed…
1470The First Printed Books with Indices 1471
Archbishop Niccolò Perotti of Spiponto was the first to suggest Vatican censorship and review of all printed works after noticing numerous errors in an edition of Pliny.
Niccolò Perotti Makes the First Call for Press Censorship
Circa 1471The First Basic Greek Grammar and the First Book Printed in Greek September 25, 1471First Printed Edition of the Only Formal Roman Treatise on Geography 1472
This edition of Roberto Valturio's 'De re militari' contains the first woodcuts on a scientific subject, used not for artistic embellishment but for diagraming and explanation. (View Larger)
"De re militari", the First Printed Book on Technology with the First Woodcuts…
1472 – 1475The Earliest Printings of Plato in the Fifteenth Century 1472The First Three Printed Editions of Dante's Divine Comedy 1472Printers Sweynheym and Pannartz Request Financial Assistance from Pope Sixtus VI April 21, 1472Bagellardo's Pediatrics, the First Medical or Scientific Treatise to be First Published as a Printed Book Rather than a Manuscript May 12, 1472Scribes in Genoa Attempt to Block Competition from Printers November 19, 1472
Earliest printed example of a classical T and O map (by Günther Zainer, Augsburg, 1472), illustrating the first page of chapter XIV of the Etymologiae of Isidore of Seville. It shows the continents as domains of the sons of Noah: Sem (Shem), Lafeth (Japheth) and Cham (Ham).
The First Printed Edition of Isidore's "Etymologiae" Includes the First Map Included in a Printed Book
1473 – 1474William Caxton Issues the First Book Printed in English 1473The First Printed Edition of "Philobiblon": Collecting, Preserving and Handling Books Circa 1473The Earliest Printed Music Appears in the "Constance Gradual" 1473 – 1474Günther Zainer Issues "Vocabularius", the First Technical Dictionary August 1473 – December 1474Scribe Filippo de Strata's Polemic Against Printing 1474Probably the Best-Selling 15th Century Printed Book by a Living Author. 1474 – April 20, 1475The First Printed Editions of Herodotus Circa 1475 – 1479The First Printed Cookbook: Platina's "De honesta voluptate" Circa 1475The Black Hours 1475The Staff and Salaries of a 15th Century Venetian Printing Office February 17, 1475Abraham ben Garton Issues the First Dated Book Printed in Hebrew September 13, 1475The First Printed Edition of the First Geography Contains No Maps October 30, 1475
The first edition of Konrad von Megenberg's 'Buch der Natur' was both the first German natural history and the first woodcut-illustrated natural history, including this woodcut from the chapter on zoology. (View Larger)
Konrad von Megenberg's "Buch der Natur", the First Illustrated Printed…
1476Erhard Ratdolt Issues Regiomontanus's "Kalendario", with the First "Modern" Title Page 1476 – 1477Caxton Prints the First Book Advertisement in the English Language 1476Aristotle's "De animalibus", the First Printed Compilation of Works on Biology January 30, 1476Constantine Lascaris, "Erotemata", the First Book Printed Entirely in Greek Type April 18, 1476Jean de Vigne's "La légende dorée", the First Book Printed in French September 29 – December 1476William Caxton Opens the First Printing Office in England and Issues A Letter of Indulgence, the First Recorded Piece of English Printing October 12, 1476Ulrich Han Issues the First Dated Printed Book Containing Music 1477
Detail of map from Ptolemy's Cosmographia showing the southeastern coast of Spain.  Click on the link to view and enlarge the entire page from the book.
The first illustrated edition of Ptolemy's Cosmographia, the First Book with Engraved Maps
May 9, 1477
First page of of the first, unillustrated edition of De viribus herbarum carmen. (Click on the image to view the full page.)
Macer Floridus's "De viribus herbarum carmen", the First Printed Herbal
August 1477 – 1480The First Hebrew Biblical Text Printed? August 28, 1479
Detail from page of Breviarium (1479) printed by Pachel and Scinzenzeler depicting the author, Paulus Attavanti.
The Earliest Portrait of an Author in a Printed Book
1480A Typical Print Run in 1480 1480 – 16001775 Different Editions of Printed Books of Hours Were Issued Between 1480 and 1600 1480"La edifichation de molti pallazi & tempii & altri gradissimi edificii de roma", an Early Printed Guidebook to Rome, Known from a Single Surviving Copy March 21, 1480Franciscus Niger's "Grammatica", Containing the First Appearance of a "Musical Idea" in a Printed Book September 1480Nicolas Jensen's Will: the First Concrete Evidence of the Existence of Matrices for the Casting of Type Fonts Circa 1481 – 1482
Detail of page from Herbarium apulei with illustration of herb.  Please click to view entire image.
"Herbarium Apulei", the First Printed Herbal with Illustrations and Probably the First Series of Illustrations on a Scientific Subject
1481"Psalterium Graeco-latinum cum Canticis", the Earliest Printing of Any Book of the Bible in Greek 1482
Detail of map from Pomponius Mela's Cosmographi geographia printed in 1482.  Please click to view entire image.
The First World Map to Show the Results of the Age of Discovery
January 26, 1482The First Printed Edition of the Torah in Hebrew May 25, 1482
Detail of page from Euclid's Elements.  Please click to view entire page.
Euclid's Elements, the Most Famous Textbook Ever Published
Circa 1483"Treatise on the Pestilence", the Earliest Medical Work Printed in English February 1 – October 25, 1483Printed on Vellum and Illuminated by Girolamo da Cremona, and Others September 13, 1483Ratdolt's Edition of Eusebius's "Chronicon" Contains One of the Earliest Acknowledgments of Gutenberg's Invention 1484The Sultan Prohibits Turks from Printing 1484 – 1485The First Edition of Plato's Opera, Printed by the First Press to Employ Women November 3, 1484Rules of the Library, Merton College, Oxford, 1484 1485
The first book illustration printed in three colors of ink. Detail from page of Theoricae novae planetarium. Please click to view entire page.
The First Book Illustration Printed in Three Colors
Circa 1485An Early Depiction of a Child Crumpling the Pages of a Book Circa 1485 – 1525Law Books Are the Leading Subject in Venetian Publishing 1486"Book of Hawking, Hunting and Heraldry", the Earliest Work Printed in England to Contain Color Printing 1486 – August 16, 1487 Vitruvius, "De architectura", the First Printed Work on Classical Architecture February 11, 1486Breydenbach's "Peregrinatio in terram sanctam", the First Illustrated Travel Book: An International Bestseller April 1, 1486Erhard Ratdolt Issues the Earliest Known Type Specimen September 1, 1486 – May 21, 1487Marco Antonio Sabellico Receives the First Known Author's Copyright April 1487"Malleus Malleficarum", Handbook for Witch-Hunters and Inquisitors November 17, 1487Pope Innocent VIII Begins Prepublication Censorship 1488 – 1489The Editio Princeps of Homer: The First Printing of a Major Greek Work in its Original Language April 22, 1488The First Complete Printed Hebrew Bible December 19 – December 29, 1488Gershom Soncino Sells the First Copy of His First Book July 16 – November 25, 1489The First and Second Books Printed in Lisbon Circa 1490The Macclesfield Alphabet Book, the Most Complete Pattern Book from Medieval Britain July 26, 1491Ketham's "Fasciculus medicinae", the First Medical Book with Anatomical Illustrations August 18, 1492"Grammatica Nebrissensis", the First Printed Grammar of a Vernacular February 15, 1493Columbus's Description of the New World: the First Eyewitness Report to Become a Bestseller; in 2016, Reports of a Theft and Forgery of a Copy of the Third Edition June 12 – December 23, 1493The Nuremberg Chronicle December 13, 1493The First Book Printed in the Ottoman Empire 1494Johannes Trithemius Publishes the Earliest Subject Bibliography February 11, 1494Sebastian Brant's "Book Fool", and Others November 10 – November 20, 1494
Page from Summa de arithmetica geometria, proporzioni et proporzionalita at the Libarary for Humanitities and Social Sciences at the Kobe University. (Click on the image to view the full page opening.)
Pacioli Issues "Summa de arithmetica", the First Great General Work on Mathematics
1495 – 1498The Aldine Aristotle, One of the Most Significant Publishing Ventures of the Fifteenth Century February 1495 – 1496The Aldine Theocritus: Scholarly Compromises in Running a Publishing House Circa 1496The First English Book Printed on Paper Made in England May 25, 1498 – 1501
 'Harmonice Musices Odhecaton,' a collection of secular songs, was the first book of music to be printed using movable type.  (View Larger)
The First Book of Sheet Music Printed from Movable Type
Circa 1499The Persistence of Illuminated Manuscript Production Fifty Years After the Introduction of Printing February 18, 1499The First Illustration of a Printing Office & Bookshop in a Printed Book 1500Early Printing in Hebrew 1500
A recipe for Custarde taken from the Boke of Kokery, c. 1440.
Richard Pyson Issues the First English Cookbook, Known from a Single Surviving Copy
Circa 1500By 1500 Five Different Kinds of Music Notation Were Cut into Type Circa 1500 – 1600The Transition from Latin to the Vernacular in the 16th Century Circa 1500Aldus's "Rules of the Modern Academy" Known From a Single Surviving Copy 1500A Census of Print Runs for Fifteenth-Century Books Circa 1500 – 1520The Rothschild Prayerbook is Illuminated Circa 1500"Paper accounts for as much as fifty percent of the cost of a Renaissance-era book" December 1500
 The 'Nuremberg Chronicle,' written in Latin by Hartmann Schedel and published in 1493, is represented by c. 1250 surviving copies, more than any other incunabulum.  (View Larger)
Printing Presses are Established in 282 Cities
 Pope Alexander VI issued a bull granting cesorial powers over book printing to Archbishops and local authorities serving under them. (View Larger)
Pope Alexander VI Confirms & Expands Censorship
April 1501The Aldine Virgil: the First Book Completely Printed in Italic Type and the First of Aldus's Pocket Editions of the Classics, Model for the Portable Printed Book Format 1502Aldus Manutius Publishes the Editiones Principes of Thucydides, Sophocles, and Herodotus 1502Ambrosio Calepino Issues the First Modern Dictionary & the Most Successful & Widely Reprinted Reference Work of the Early Modern Period 1503Domenico Nani Mirabelli Issues One of the First General Reference Works Produced for the Printed Book Market September 15, 1507
 The printer's mark of Androw Myllar, who together with Walter Chepman became the first printer in Scotland under King James IV.
Walter Chepman and Andrew Myllar Issue the First Book Printed in Scotland
1509 – 1510
 The Aberdeen Breviary, published in 1507 and the first major work to be printed in Scotland, briefly recounts the lives of various Scottish saints. (View Larger)
Walter Chepman & Androw Myllar Issue The Aberdeen Breviary, the First "Major"…
May 22, 1511
 The first printed edition of 'De Architectura,' originally written by Roman architect Marcus Virtuvius Pollio, was printed in Venice in 1511 and contained 136 woodcut illustrations and diagrams.  (View Larger)
Fra Giovanni Giocondo Issues the First Illustrated Edition of Vitruvius
1512Hakob Meghapart Issues the First Book Printed in Armenian 1513Marcellus Silber Issues the First Book Printed in the Ancient Ethiopian Language of Ge'ez and the First Book Printed in Rome in Oriental Type September 1513Richard Fawkes Issues the Earliest English Printed Newsbook 1514 – 1517
 Gregorio de Gregorii, an Italian printer, published the first book in Arabic with moveable type in 1514, commissioned by Pope Julius II for delivery to Christians in the Middle East.    (View Larger)
Gregorio de Gregorii Issues the First Book Printed in Arabic by Movable…
Detail from page of Theorica et practica . . .de modo scribendi fabricandique omnes literarum species.  Please click on image to view entire page opening.
Sigismondo Fanti Issues the First Illustrated Manual on the Art of Writing
1514Painter Quentin Matsys Uses a Book of Hours as a Prop for Satire Circa 1515 – 1520The Grimani Breviary: a Remarkable Artistic Collaboration May 4, 1515
 Pope Leo X, famous for later fighting Martin Luther's 95 theses, issued the strictest decree of papal censorship to date in 1515, with the aim of eliminating 'dangerous' texts which were causing evil to propogate 'from day to day.' (View Larger)
Pope Leo X Decrees the Most Stringent Papal Censorship Before the Reformation
1516Samuel ben Isaac Nedivot & his Son Isaac Issue the First Book Printed on the Continent of Africa 1517
    Alessandro Minuziano was effectively the first to challenge a 'copyright' by reprinting an edition with exclusive rights; the Pope who issued the right was angered, but later allowed the publication after a detailed apology from Minuziano.   (View Larger)
Alessandro Minuziano Records the First Documented Legal Case Concerning…
July 1518
 The 'square table' of abbot Johannes Trithemius’s 'Polygraphiae libri sex. - Clavis polygraphiae' was an example of how a message might be encoded through the use of multiple alphabets. (View Larger)
Johannes Trithemius Issues the First Book on Cryptography
1519 – 1523Daniel van Bomberghen, a Devout Christian, Issues the First Printed Edition of the Complete Babylonian Talmud Circa 1520 – 1541Nicolaus Copernicus Writes "De Revolutionibus" in His Own Handwriting Circa 1520 – 1850Some Tentative Observations on Dating Carta Rustica Bindings 1521Giacomo Berengario da Carpi Issues the First Work Since the Time of Galen to Show Original Anatomical Information Based upon Personal Investigation & Observation May 26, 1521The Emperor Charles V Issues "The Law of Printing" in Response to the Excommunication of Luther July 15, 1521
Detail of Title Page of De Architectura Libri Dece.  Please click on the image to see the full page.
Cesare Cesariano & Colleagues Interpret Roman Architecture in the Artistic Language of the Renaissance
Detail of recto 32 of Berengario da Carpi's Isagoge breves perlucide ac uberime in anatomia humani corporis.  Please click on image to view entire page.
Berengario da Carpi Issues a Condensation of his Commentary on Mondino
1522 – 1524Ludovico Vicentino degli Arrighi Issues the First Manual on Humanistic Cursive October 14, 1522Cuthbert Tunstall Issues the First Book Published in England Devoted Exclusively to Mathematics 1525
 The manuscript of Marco Fabio Calvo's Hippocratic Collection, transcribed in his own had, was used in the preparation of his 1525 Latin printing of the work.  (View Larger)
Marco Fabio Calvo Revives Hippocrates as the Precursor of Galen
1525Andrea Torresani di Asolo Issues the Editio Princeps of Galen in Greek 1526 – 1550Half of All Books Published in Europe are Printed in Venice 1530 – 1536Otto Brunfels & Hans Weiditz Issue the First Accurate, Detailed Woodcuts of Plants Taken Directly from Nature September 1533Johannes Herwagen Issues the First Printed Edition of the Greek Text of Euclid Circa 1535Bronzino Paints a Portrait of an Elegant Young Man Mishandling a Book 1536 – 1541
 In 1536, King Henry VIII formally disbands all monasteries in his realm and seizes their property, including thousands of books and manuscripts, most of which were subsequently lost or destroyed.  (View Larger)
Henry VIII's Dissolution of the Monasteries Brings Destruction and Dispersal…
August 9, 1537 – August 9, 1538Paganino & Alessandro Paganini Issue the First Printed Edition of the Qur'an in Arabic, of Which One Copy Survived June 12, 1539
 The 'Casa de la Primera Imprenta de América,' where printer Juan Pablos printed what is likely the first book in the Western Hemisphere, still stands today in Mexico City.  (View Larger)
Juan Pablos Issues the First Book Printed in the Western Hemisphere
Circa 1540The Codex Mendoza, Perhaps Commissioned by Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza 1540 – 1585Masters at Colegio de Santa Cruz de Santiago Tlaltelolco Create the Florentine Codex, the First Illustrated Encyclopedia of the New World 1542
 Robert Estienne, 16th Century Parisian scholar and printer, issued the first book-form publisher's catalog of which any copies survive in 1542.
Robert Estienne Issues the First Surviving Publisher's Catalogue in Book…
1542 – 1543Theodore Bibliander & Johannes Oporinus Issue the First Printed Edition of the Latin Translation of the Qur'an 1542Leonhard Fuchs, Albrecht Mayer, Heinrich Füllmaurer & Viet Rudolf Speckle Issue the First "Modern" Herbal, with Self-Portraits of the Artists 1543Nicolaus Copernicus Begins the Copernican Revolution 1543Leonhard Fuchs' Unpublished Masterpiece of Renaissance Botany June 1543
 The title page of Andreas Versalius' 'De humani corporis fabrica libri septem,' published in 1543, was a revolutionary work of unmatched scientific and artistic precision.  (View Larger)
Andreas Vesalius Produces a Unprecedented Blend of Scientific Exposition,…
June 1543Simultaneously with the "Fabrica" Vesalius Issues a Condensation, or Road-Map, of the Encyclopedic Work 1545 – 1546Charles Estienne Includes Erotic Images Made Acceptable by their Adaptation for Medical Purposes 1545Guido Guidi Issues a Spectacular Book of Renaissance Surgery and Graphic Arts October 1545 – 1553Thomas Geminus Issues the First Edition of Vesalius Published in England 1546Guilio Clovio Completes a Masterpiece of High Renaissance Manuscript Illumination 1548John Bale Issues the First National Bibliography, of Writers in England, Wales, and Scotland Circa 1550The "Wide" Distribution of "Popular" Broadsides and Pamphlets by the Mid-16th Century 1552
A page of the Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis, an Aztec herbal composed in 1552 by Martin de la Cruz and translated into Latin by Juan Badianus, illustrating the tlahcolteocacatl, tlayapaloni, axocotl, and chicomacatl plants, which were used to make a
Juan Badiana Translates Aztec Medical Botany & Psychoactive Plants from the Nahuati
Engraved portrait of Michael Servetus.
Michael Servetus: Medical Discovery, Heresy, and Martyrdom
Table of reciprocal alphabet from a 1555 book by Giovan Battista Bellaso.
Giovan Battista Bellaso Describes the First "Unbreakable" Text Autokey Cipher
1554The Spanish Inquistion Publishes its First List of Censored Works Circa 1555
Portrait of Prince-elector Otto Henry by Georg Pencz, 1530-1545. The painting now resides in St. Petersburg. 
Otto-Henry, Elector Palatine, Founds the Bibliotheca Palatina
Engraved portrait of Hernan Cortes by W. Holl and published by Charles Knight.
Brother Juan Diaz Publishes the First Treatise on Mathematics Published in the Western Hemisphere and the First Textbook on Any Subject Besides Religion Printed Outside of Europe
1556Juan Valverde de Amusco Issues the First Great Original Spanish Medical Book, Illustrated and Printed in Rome 1557Robert Granjon Issues the First Book Printed in Civilité Types 1557
Engraved portrait of Hubert Golzius by Simon Frisius c. 1610.
Hubert Goltzius Issues the First Book Extensively Illustrated with Chiaroscuro Woodcuts
May 4, 1557Queen Mary & King Philip Concentrate the Entire Printing Business in the Members of the Stationers Company 1558
A portrait of Albreccht V, Duke of Bavaria by Hans Mielich, 16th century.
Albert V, Duke of Bavaria, Founds the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
1559The Sacred Congregation of the Inquisition Begins Publication of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum 1559Who Discovered the Pulmonary Circulation? Servetus, Valverde or Columbo? 1560Jean Cousin the Elder Issues "Livre de perspective" 1561Valerius Cordus Makes the Earliest Effort to Systematize Botanical Description and Discovers Sulfuric Ether July 2, 1561 – April 10, 1563Gaspar de Leão Issues the Earliest Surviving Books Printed in India from Movable Type July 12, 1562Bishop Diego de Landa Orders Destruction of the Maya Codices 1563Bartholomeo Eustachi Discovers the Eustachian Tubes and Many Other Anatomical Features 1563In an Expose of the Witchcraft Delusion Johann Weyer Presents One of the First Scientific Approaches to the Study of Mental Illness September 10, 1563Charles IX Forbids Any French Printer from Printing Without Permission, Under Penalty of Being Hanged or Strangled 1564Georg Willer Issues the First Catalogue of the Frankfurt Book Fair 1564Ivan Fedorov Issues the First Dated Book Printed in Russia 1565Samuel Quiccheberg Publishes the First Treatise on Museums 1566Giuseppe Arcimboldo Paints a Surrealist Portrait of the Librarian 1567Bishop Séon Carsuel Translates the Book of Common Prayer into Gaelic 1567Christophe Plantin Publishes the Earliest Description of the Printing Process 1568Jost Amman's Images of Trades and Technologies, with Descriptions in Verse 1568Benevenuto Cellini Describes Renaissance Artistic Techniques 1569 – 1570Perrissin & Tortorel Issue the First Extended Series of Prints Attempting to Depict Great Events of the Recent Past 1570Francisco Bravo Issues the First Medical Book Printed in the Western Hemisphere with the Earliest Illustrations of Plants Printed in the Western Hemisphere 1570Lord Mayor of London Henry Billingsley Issues One of the Earliest Pop-Up Books 1572Jeremias Martius Issues Possibly the First Printed Catalogue of Any Private Library 1572 – 1573Volcher Coiter: One of the First Physicians to Draw the Illustrations for his Own Publications, and Take Credit for Them in Print 1574Book Collector Matthew Parker Donates his Library 1575Hieronymous Wolf, Librarian to Johann Jakob Fugger, Issues the First Printed Catalogue of a Portion of a Public Library 1575 – 1578Discovering the Autograph Manuscript of William Bourne's Book on Military Inventions and Naval Tactics 1577Eliezer ben Isaac Ashkenazi Issues the First Book Printed in the Middle East 1579François Viète's Classic of Mathematics and Typography July 12, 1580 – August 12, 1581Ivan Fyodorov Issues First Complete Slavic Bible 1583 – 1584Michele Ruggieri Issues the First Book Written by a European in China and Printed in China 1584Ferdinando de Medici & Giovan Battista Raimundi Found the Medici Press 1584François Grudé de la Croix du Maine Issues the First French National Bibliography June 23, 1586The Star Chamber Court Consolidates and Amplifies the Regulation of Printing in England 1587 – 1592Agustín's Study of Ancient Coinage: Probably the Earliest Book with Illustrations by a Woman 1588Agostini Ramelli Describes a Renaissance Information Retrieval Device and Other Machines 1588 – 1631Sir Robert Bruce Cotton Forms One of the Most Important Private Collections of Manuscripts Ever Collected in England 1590Architect Domenico Fontana Describes Moving the Obelisk 1590Pascal Lecoq Issues the First Systematic Medical Bibliography Circa 1591 – 1596The Only Manuscript Pages Thought to be in the Hand of William Shakespeare 1591 – 1600François Viète Issues the Earliest Work on Symbolic Algebra; A Tale of Two Printings 1595Andrew Maunsell Issues the First "Books in Print" 1598Emperor Go-Yōzei Orders the Printing of the Analects of Confucius, the Oldest Surviving Work of Japanese Printing by Movable Type 1598
Detail of head of horse from page of the Dell'anotomia [sic], et dell'infirmita del cavallo.  Click on link below to view and resize full image.
Ottavio Ruini Issues the First Book Devoted Exclusively to the Structure of an Animal Other than Man
July 6, 1599Christophorus Guyot Issues the Earliest Surviving Catalogue of a Book Auction 1600About 350,000 Separate Titles Were Printed by 1600 1600 – 1700English Book Owners in the 17th Century. A Work in Progress Listing by David Pearson 1606Fray Juan Bautista Issues the First Bibliography Published in the New World 1608Odoardo Fialetti Creates Probably the First Printed Manual for Drawing Human Anatomy May 20, 1609Thomas Thorpe Issues the First Edition of Shakespeare's Sonnets November 1609 – March 13, 1610Galileo Issues Images of Revolutionary Discoveries Concerning the Universe; and the Story of a Remarkable Forgery 1610The Maronite Monastery of St. Anthony at Qozhaya Issues the First Book Printed in the Arab World 1610 – 1612Possibly the Earliest Extant Examples of Wall-Shelving are in Duke Humfrey's Library 1611
The library at Hereford Cathedral. (View Larger)
At Hereford Cathedral the Largest Historic Chained Library in the World
1617Minsheu's "Ductor in Linguas," The First Book Sold by Subscription and the First Book to Include a List of Subscribers 1617Hermannus Hugo Issues the First History of Writing 1617Michael Maier Publishes Early Multimedia: Words, Images and Music June 1618"Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c.," the First Newspaper Published in Broadsheet Form 1619Probably the Earliest Records of the Charges for Trade Bindings in England 1621"Corante. . . ," the First Printed News Sheet or Newspaper Published in English 1621Robert Burton Publishes a Classic on Depression 1623Preface to the First Folio Edition of Shakespeare’s Plays by Henrie Condell and Iohn Heminge 1627
Detail from plate from of De lactibus sive lacteis venis.  Click to see and resize image of entire page.
Gasparo Aselli's Book Includes the First Color-Printed Medical Illustrations
Detail from plate 1 of Exercitatio anatomica de motu cordis et sanguinis in animalibus.  Please click on link below to view and resize entire image.
William Harvey Publishes His Discovery and Experimental Proof of the Circulation of the Blood
1630Francesco Stelluti Issues the First Book Containing Images of Organisms Viewed through the Microscope May 30, 1631Théophraste Renaudot Issues "La Gazette", the First French Weekly Magazine 1633The Earliest Multicolor Printed Book is Issued by the Ten Bamboo Studio in Nanjing 1633George Herbert Publishes Some of the Earliest Printed Examples of Concrete or Shaped Poetry 1635The Earliest Documented 15th Century Printed Book in North America July 11, 1637A Decree of the Star Chamber Concerning Printing July 11, 1637 1639Stephen Dayes Establishes the First Printing Press in North America: No Copies of the First Two Imprints Exist 1639Bernhard von Mallinckrodt Coins the Term Incunabula 1640Stephen Daye Issues the First Book Written & Printed in North America, North of Mexico 1640Abolition of the Star Chamber Court Stimulates Publishing 1643Comandatore Geronimo Marulli Issues the First Book Printed on Malta 1644John Milton Issues Aereopagitica: "For Books are Not Absolutely Dead Things; but Doe Contain a Potencie of Life . . . ." 1650John Dury Writes the First Book on Librarianship in English Circa 1650 – 1703
A painting of Samuel Pepys by John Hayls, 1666.
Samuel Pepys' Library: One of the Most Significant Private Libraries Preserved Intact from 17th Century England, in its Original Bookcases
1650Possibly the Earliest High-Level Printed Scientific Book Written by a Woman 1651
The title page of Le Cuisinier Francois, by Francois Pierre de La Varenne, 1680.
La Varenne Writes the Founding Text of Modern French Cuisine
1660David Teniers the Younger Publishes the First Published Illustrated Catalogue of an Art Collection 1661 – 1663John Eliot Issues First Complete Bible Published in the Western Hemisphere 1664Argument for Forest Management 1665Robert Hooke's Graphic Portrayal of the Hitherto Unknown Microcosm January 5, 1665Journal des sçavans: The First Scientific Journal Begins Publication March 6, 1665The Oldest Continuous Journal of an Academy of Science Begins Publication 1666The First Treatise on Chemistry Written by a Woman 1667The First Medical or Scientific Publication in North America, Known from a Single Surviving Copy August 17, 1667Construction of Samuel Pepys's Bookshelves -- Among the Earliest Extant 1668
Frontpiece detail from Les maladies des femmes grosses et accouchées.  Please click on link below to view and resize image of entire page.
François Mauriceau Founds the Science of Obstetrics
1670"On the Burning of a Library": A Work of Self-Consolation 1670The First Print Surviving from New England 1675Laws of Book Production and the Book Trade October 31, 1676The First Book Auction in England 1677The First Map Engraved and Published in New England 1681The First Scientific Book Written by a Native Latin American to be Published in the Western Hemisphere 1683 – 1684Joseph Moxon Issues the First Comprehensive Printing Manual 1684 – 1692The First Hieroglyphic Bible for Children 1684Aristotle's Masterpiece 1684 – 1718The First Book Review Journal: an Early Long-Distance Intellectual Community and Social Network 1687 – 1690The First Reading Primer Designed for the American Colonies 1693The First Book Catalogue Published in America 1697The First Country-Wide Printed Union Catalogue of Manuscripts 1697The First Printed Facsimile of a Manuscript 1706 Athanasius al-Dabbas Publishes the First Books Printed in Arabic in the Middle East July – December 1706The Bigot Sale, the First Book Auction Conducted in Paris for Which a Catalogue was Printed 1708Bernard de Montfaucon's "Palaeographia Graeca" Coins the Word Palaeography 1709The Statute of Anne: The First Copyright Statute 1710Paul Pater Issues Perhaps the Earliest Treatise on the Typography of a Nation 1714Henrich Gottleib Titz Writes about the Theuerdanck: Probably the First Monograph on a Single Rare Book 1716Johann Conrad Zeitner Describes Famous Proofreaders and Press Correctors 1723Martin-Dominique Fertel Issues the First Major French Manual on Printing and the First Book on Book Design 1723 – 1743The Bernard-Picard Collaboration: the First Global View of Religion 1727Sultan Ahmet III Permits Printing of Secular Topics in Istanbul While Protecting its More than 4000 Scribes 1729Ibrahim Müteferrika Issues the First Book Printed by Muslims Using Movable Type 1729Ibrahim Müteferikka Issues the First Illustrated Book Printed by Muslims 1729Isaac Greenwood Issues the First American Textbook on Mathematics January 1731Edward Cave Founds "The Gentleman's Magazine," the First General-Interest Periodical and the First to Use the Word "Magazine" to Indicate a Storehouse of Knowledge 1736 – 1741Albinus & Ladmiral Issue the First Full Color Printing by the Three-Color Process to Illustrate a Medical or Scientific Book 1737 – 1738Thomas Osborne Issues "The British Librarian", the First Periodical Published in English on Rare Books & Manuscripts 1738Johan Adam Schmid Issues the First "Full-Fledged Antiquarian Bookseller's Catalogue" 1739Bernard de Montfaucon Issues the First Continent-Wide Union Catalogue of Manuscripts 1739William Ged's Issues an Incunabulum of Printing from Stereotype Plates January 1741"American Magazine" & "The General Magazine," the First Magazines Published in North America: Both Very Short-Lived April 11, 1744Benjamin Franklin Issues the First American Trade Catalogues June 18, 1744John Newberry Issues the First Printed Book Specifically for the Amusement of Children: No Copies of the First Edition Survive 1747Hannah Glasse's "The art of Cookery", Probably the Most-Widely Read English Cookery Book of the 18th Century 1751 – 1780Diderot & d'Alembert's Encyclopédie, the Central Enterprise of the French Enlightenment 1755Diderot on Information Overload, and the Encyclopedia as a Means of Organizing and Enhancing Associations in Knowledge May 5, 1757A Typographic Masterpiece, John Baskerville's First Book & the First Book Printed Partially on Wove Paper 1759Voltaire Issues "Candide, ou l'Optimism" Anonymously and Secretively 1759 – 1767Laurence Sterne's "Tristram Shandy": Philosophical and Comedic Digressions and Innovative Illustration Techniques October 6, 1759 – 1760The First Book Printed Entirely on Wove Paper 1761Astronomer Jérôme Lefrançois de Lalande Writes the First Comprehensive Treatise on Papermaking 1761 – 1762Frank Nichols Publishes Probably the First Color-Printed Illustrations in a Major Scientific Periodical 1763 – 1782Bookseller Guillaume François de Bure Begins "Modern" Rare Book Cataloguing 1766Aristotle's Complete Masterpiece: Probably the Earlest Illustrated Medical Book Published in the American Colonies 1768 – 1771Von Heineken Issues the First Systematic Guide to Collecting Prints, Blockbooks, and the Earliest Printed books 1769 – 1794The French Book Trade in Enlightenment Europe 1769 – 1774James Granger Inspires "Grangerizing," A Mania for Extra-Illustration 1773 – 1782The Siku Quanshu: Probably the Most Ambitious Editorial Enterprise before the Wikipedia 1774"Kaitai Shinsho" : The First Book on Western Medicine and Science Published in Japanese 1777The Earliest Directory of the Book Trade? 1777 – 1787Mesmer & the Animal Magnetism Movement: An Archive Circa 1782Léonard Defrance Creates Panel Paintings of the Operations of a French Enlightenment Printing Shop 1783 – 1785Noah Webster Reforms the Teaching of English in the United States 1784 – 1804The First Book Printed on Machine-Made Paper, the First Book Printed on a Stanhope Press, & the First Book Printed by the Foulis & Tilloch Method of Stereotyping, as Improved by Earl Stanhope 1784Thomas Astle Issues the First English History of Paleography and Diplomatics February 9, 1784 – 1805Mozart's Autograph Catalogue of His Own Compositions, and its First Printed Editions 1785John Pendred Issues the Earliest Directory of the Book Trade in England 1790 – 1841The Early Development of the Mechanized or Machine Press as Conceptualized by Nicholson and Developed by Koenig as Others 1790 – 1802André-Charles Caillot Issues a Bibliographical Guide to Antiquarian Bookselling and Collecting, with a Pioneering Exposition on Rarity 1791Earliest Precursor to the Dust Jacket? Circa 1792 – 1819Jacob Perkins Invents Steel Engraving 1793 – 1794Henri Grégoire Proposes a National Bibliography of France 1795Isaiah Thomas Issues the First American Book Printed on Wove Paper 1796Amerlia Simmons Writes the First American Cookbook Written by an American 1800Phasing Out Latin as the International Language Circa 1800 – 1820The Gradual Disappearance of the Long S in Typography 1800 – 1802Mathias Koops Issues the First Book Printed on Recycled Paper, with an Appendix Printed on Paper Made from Wood Pulp 1801The First Edition of the Qur'an Printed by Muslims is Issued in Kazan 1802Bowditch Issues the "New American Practical Navigator" 1802George Howe Issues the First Book Printed in Australia March 5, 1803George Howe Begins Publication of the "Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser", the First Newspaper in Australia April 1803 – March 1804The First World Atlas Printed by Muslims 1806 – 1828Noah Webster Compiles the First Dictionary of American English January 10, 1806The First Illustration is Printed in "The Times" of London June 9, 1807John Thomas Smith Publishes the First Steel-Engraved and the First Lithographed Book Illustrations 1808 – 1827John Dalton Publishes the First Periodic Table of the Elements 1810 – 1865Brunet Compiles "Manuel du libraire," "The Best and Last of the General Rare Book Bibliographies" 1813John William Lewin Issues the First Illustrated Book Published in Australia 1817Thomas Gilpin Sets Up the First Papermaking Machine in America, & the First Items Printed on his Machine-Made Paper 1818Cornelius Van Winkle Issues the First American Printer's Manual 1818 – 1824Mairet Issues a Manual of Lithography, Bookbinding, and Cleaning and Restoring Paper 1819
William Lawrence
William Lawrence Describes the Natural History of Man
1819 – 1829The Earliest Known Dust Jacket July 1819The First Lithograph Printed in the United States 1820"The Book of Life: A Bibliographical Melody" 1822William Church Invents the First Machine for Type Composition 1822The First American Book with Lithographed Illustrations December 1822The First Indigenous Arabic Press in Egypt 1823William Clowes Introduces High Speed Printing in Book Production 1823 – 1826The Double Publication of the Double Elephant Folio of Anatomy 1825 – 1842The English Church Missionary Society Establishes a Press in Malta to Print Books in Arabic & Turkish Circa 1825Roughly 600 Books Year are Produced in the U.K. 1827William Burn Invents The Rolling Press for Bookbinders, the First Machine Used in the Bookbinding Trade 1827The First "Leaf Book" 1828The First "Livre d'Artiste," Illustrated by Delacroix 1829The First Illustrated Antiquarian Bookseller's Catalogue 1830 – 1853The First Attempt Since that of Montfaucon (1739) to Publish a Union Catalogue of Manuscripts in European Libraries 1831Writer & Publisher Charles Knight Explains How Mechanized Printing Delivers Information Faster & at Costs Affordable to All 1832 – 1835Babbage's "On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures" Begins Operations Research 1832Yisrael & Nissan Bak Operate the First Press in Palestine Since About 1577 1832 – 1833Janos Bolyai Independently Invents Non-Euclidean Geometry 1832 – 1837The First Lithographed Books Printed in Persia are Issued 1832 – 1845Exploiting the New Technology of Mechanized Printing, Charles Knight Publishes "The Penny Magazine," Britain's First Low Priced Mass-Circulation Magazine 1832The Earliest Known Printed Dust Jacket (Now Lost) January 1832 – 1833John Murray's "The Works of Lord Byron", the First Gilt-Stamped Cloth Edition Bindings 1833The First Great American Contribution to Physiology 1834 – 1835The First Commercially Viable Method of Color Printing 1835The First Complete Printed Edition in Arabic of the Thousand and One Nights 1836Probably the First Book on a Secular Subject Printed in Arabic in Middle East 1836The First Comprehensive Guide to Collecting Autographs 1837 – 1871Sir Thomas Phillipps, the Greatest Private Collector of Manuscripts in the 19th Century, and Maybe Ever 1838 – 1845Charles Knight Invents "Illuminated Printing" & Offers Printed Color Plates at a Low Price for the Mass Market October 19 – October 25, 1839George Bradshaw Issues the First Railway Timetable 1840 – 1842Young & Delcambre's "Pianotype" : The First Composing Machine That Was Actually Used, and the First Books Printed from its Typesetting 1840Exceptionally Wide Commemoration of the Quatercentenary of Gutenberg 1841The First American Book with Chromolithographed Illustrations October 1841 – October 25, 1845The Invention of Anastatic Printing Enables Inexpensive Facsimiles and Pirated Editions May 14, 1842"The Illustrated London News", the First Fully Illustrated Weekly Newspaper, Begins Publication December 17, 1842"Family Herald", The First Periodical Typeset, Printed and Bound Entirely by Machine, Begins Publication 1843 – 1844One of the Earliest Photographs of Books 1843 – 1865Possibly the First Book Written During Hand Typesetting Rather than on Paper October 1843 – 1853The First Book Illustrated with Photographs 1844 – 1845Foundation of Microphotography; Landmark in Hematology, Oncology, and Pathology June 1844 – April 1846The First Photographically Illustrated Book Commercially Published. 1847 – 1854George Boole Develops Boolean Algebra November 1, 1848The Railroad also Becomes an Information Distribution Network 1849Application of Jacquard Punched Paper Technology to Typesetting Machinery 1850 – 1937Incunabula of the Zulu Language, and a Zulu Beadwork Love Letter 1854Mirza Mohammad-Vali Hakimbashi Introduces Western Anatomical Illustration into Persian Culture 1854 – July 1857Paul Pretsch's "Photographic Art Treasures," the First Book of Printed Reproductions of Photographs 1855Isaiah Deck Describes the Production of Mummy Paper in Nineteenth Century America December 22, 1855The "Illustrated London News" Christmas Supplement, the First Newspaper Printed in Color 1857The First Dust Jackets in the Flap-Style on Books Printed in English 1857Hugh Miller Issues the First Book to Include a Photograph of its Author 1858Perhaps the Earliest Australian Type Specimen and Trade Catalogue 1859 – 1861"Mrs. Beeton's Book of Household Management": One of the Major Publishing Successes of the 19th Century 1859Edward Edwards Issues the First Comprehensive Account of the Development of Libraries November 24, 1859
The title page of On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin's "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection"
1865The First Dust Jacket Issued by a Publisher in the United States 1865 – 1867 The Role of Women as Typesetters in the French Printing Industry 1867The Surgeon General's Library & Museum Are Moved to the Site of Lincoln's Assassination 1867Imprimerie Alfred Mame's Spectacular Portrayal of Large Scale Book Manufacturing July 25 – November 29, 1872Henry Stevens Calls for a Central Bibliographical Bureau Which Would Also Store Images 1873 – 1874Robert Clark Kedzie Issues "Poisonous Papers," and a Poisonous Book Published in an Edition of 100 Copies 1873 – 1950Anthony Comstock Founds the New York Society for the Suppression of Vice and Lobbies for Passage of the "Comstock Law" March 4, 1873 – September 23, 1889The "Daily Graphic" of New York, Probably the First Illustrated Daily Newspaper, Begins Publication 1874Francis Amasa Walker Issues The First National Thematic Atlas June 30, 1875The "New York Tribune" Publishes the First Significant Series of Illustrations in a Daily Newspaper 1876 – 1877"Street Life in London": Pioneering Social Documentary Photography as a Form of Photojournalism 1877The First American Bibliography on the History of Printing June 30 – September 1, 1877The Caxton Quadricentennial Celebration: Probably the Largest Exhibition on the History of Printing Ever Held; Collecting its Publications 1878Morgand & Fatout Issue Perhaps the Earliest Antiquarian Bookseller's Catalogue Illustrated with Plates Printed in Color November 1878The First Telephone Directory is Published in New Haven, Connecticut 1882 – 18843,500,000 Quotations on Individual Slips of Paper 1883 – July 15, 1885Invention of the Linotype 1884Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions January 23, 1884Foundation of The Grolier Club February 1, 1884 – April 19, 1928The O E D Finally Begins Publication 1886 – 1887A Prayerbook Entirely Woven by the Jacquard Loom July 3, 1886The "New York Daily Tribune" Publishes the First Application of the Linotype September 5, 1886"Le Journal Illustré" Publishes the First Photo-Interview 1887 – 1889Appleton Publishes Imaginary Historical Biographies 1887"The Tribune Book of Open-Air Sports", the First Book Typeset by Linotype 1890"How the Other Half Lives": Pioneering Photojournalistic Muckraking 1892 – 1900The Earliest Miniature Printed Editions of the Qur'an 1894The Press on which William Morris Printed the Kelmscott Chaucer is Sold, Again 1896 – 1902The Largest and Most Diverse Collection of Medieval Manuscripts in the World May 1897Mallarmé: Experimentation with the Relationship Between the Word and the Printed Page February 1898The Cumulative Book Index November 4, 1899The Last Great Original Work in Science to be Published First as a Monograph Rather than in a Scientific Journal 1901"Berliner Illustrirte Zeitung", the First Photographically Illustrated News Magazine 1905Problems with Leather Used in Bookbinding 1907The Photomicrographic Book 1907 – 1930Curtis's The North American Indian January – February 20, 1909"The Founding and Manifesto of Futurism" 1912 – 1991Origins of the "Garrison-Morton" Bibliography of the History of Medicine 1912 – 1914Incunable of Poetic and Typographic Experimentation of the 20th Century May 11, 1913Marinetti's Manifesto of his Typographical Revolution 1916 – 2013Destruction of the Doves Press Type and its Digital Revival in 2013 19196,292 Different Incunabula in North American Libraries 1922The Largest Paid Circulation Print Magazine in the World 1925 – 1927Blue-Print for The Third Reich 1927Fortunato Depero's "Bolted Catalogue" of Futurist Graphics August 1929Bruce Rogers Creates Monotype Centaur 1930 – 1931Bob Brown: Visionary of New Reading Machines and Changes in the Process of Reading 1932Marinetti's Metal Book: "Parole in Liberta . . ." 1934Picasso Depicts His Lover Reading at a Table July 30, 1935Allen Lane & Penguin Books Invent the Mass-Market Paperback May 6 – May 16, 1940
Detail of cover of catalogue for An Exhibition of Printing at the Fitzwilliam Museum.  Please click to view entire cover of catalogue.
The Fitzwilliam Museum Exhibition of Printing: Precursor to "Printing and the Mind of Man"
1945An Antiquarian Bookseller Predicts an Alternative to the Printed Codex 1945"From Script to Print. An Introduction to Medieval Literature" 1946 – 1953The First Working Phototypesetting Machine and the First Book it Typeset 1947 – 1956Discovery of the "Dead Sea Scrolls" 1947Documentary Film on Letterpress Book Production 1948Norbert Wiener Issues "Cybernetics", the First Widely Distributed Book on Electronic Computing 1948The Final Edition of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum is Published 1948The "Survivor's Talmud" is Published by the U.S. Army 1949Edmund Berkeley's "Giant Brains," the First Popular Book on Electronic Computers 195011,638 New Books Are Published in the U.K. 1952Probably the Best "Book Store" Film Noir 1953 – November 2011Ray Bradbury's Early Dystopian View of Books: "Fahrenheit 451" March 9, 1953"Once the government can demand of a publisher the names of the purchasers of his publications, the free press as we know it disappears." 1957J. W. Ellison Issues the First Computerized Concordance of the Bible 1959 – 1972The Most Voluminous Printed Catalogue of a Single Library 1960The Monotype Monomatic Hot Type Machine is Introduced 1962Rachel Carson Issues "Silent Spring" 1962McLuhan Issues "The Gutenberg Galaxy" 1962Computers Drive Linotype Hot Metal Typesetters 1963Julio Cortázar Issues the First "Hypertext" Novel, Before Hypertext July 16 – July 27, 1963
Detail of cover of Printing and the Mind of Man.  Please click to see entire image.
The Printing and the Mind of Man Exhibition
October 6, 1963Probably the First Book Typeset by Computer October 14, 1963The Beinicke Rare Book & Manuscript Library Opens at Yale May 1964720 Million Copies Printed and Distributed in Under Four Years 1965Licklider Issues "Libraries of the Future" July 1965
Detail of cover of the July 1965 issue of Fortune.  Please click to see entire image.
Walter Allner Designs the First Magazine Cover Using Computer Graphics
1966The Second Vatican Council Abolishes the Index Librorum Prohibitorum 1966NCR Issues the Smallest Published Edition of the Bible, and the First to Reach the Moon 1968 – 1981NUC: The Largest Printed Bibliography, Complete in 754 Folio Volumes 1968Andries van Dam Develops Probably the First Hypertext System Used in Education 1968Stewart Brand Issues "The Whole Earth Catalog": Google and Blogging before the Internet November 27, 1968 – February 9, 1969K. G. Pontius Hultén Curates "The Machine as Seen at the End of the Mechanical Age" : An Art Exhibition December 1968
Cover of Computer Art and Human Response by Lloyd Sumner.
Lloyd Sumner Issues The First Monograph by a Computer Artist
196932,393 New Books Are Published in the U.K. 1969The First Full-Length Audio Recording of a Book July 4, 1971Invention of eBooks: The First Digital Library 1973 – 1990Book Burning and Personal Book Collecting by Chilean Dictator Augusto Pinochet 1975 – 1989Origins & Early Development of PostScript and Scalable Digital Type Fonts at Xerox PARC and Adobe Systems 1975Books on Tape is Founded 1975Barnes & Noble Becomes the First American Bookseller to Discount New Books 1975"Type Foundries of America," the First Book in the Graphic Arts Field Produced from Cold Type May 26, 1975 – 2014Finding Additional Leaves of the Codex Sinaiticus 1977 – 1979TEX and Metafont 1978A Printed Book Entitled Toward Paperless Information Systems 1979The Printing Press as an Agent of Change 1979 – 1980Probably the Smallest Set of Physical Books 1980 – 1983Umberto Eco Publishes "The Name of the Rose" 1983 – 1989Keyboarding over 350,000,000 Characters 1983The Declining Role of Print in Total Information Flow 1984The First Desktop Publishing Program 1984
Detail from cover of The Policeman's Beard is Half Constructed, the first book written by a computer program.  Please click on image to see image of entire cover of book.
The First Book Written by a Computer Program
1984A Guide to All PC Software in One Volume 1986The First Hand-Held Electronic Book, or e-Book 1986Probably the Best Book History and Library Film Set in the Middle Ages 1991The First Book on Typography on Personal Computers 1992The Data Discman Electronic Book Device 1993 – 2013Nina Katchadourian's Sorted Books Project July 1994 – July 1995Amazon.com is Founded April 7 – October 1, 1995"The Book and Beyond" Exhibition Takes Place 1996968,735 New Different Printed Books Are Produced This Year 1996The World's Smallest Book, in 1996 1997Electronic Paper is Developed 1998Printing about the Handpress Using Photo-Offset 1998The Last Printed Edition of Beilstein is Published 1998700,000 New Book Titles Are Published in 1998 November 2, 1999Continuing to Print the British Parliamentary Papers on Vellum 2000
Third generation Amazon Kindle, showing text from the eBook version of the novel Moby Dick
3,200,000 Books Are In Print in the U.S.
Andrew Hoyem in front of a printing press.
The Last Integrated Typefoundry, Letterpress Printer & Bindery
A photopolymer printing plate for flexography
Prepress Becomes Digital
2000Stephen King's "Experiment in Alternate Forms of Distribution" March 14, 2000 – 2010The First Mass-Market E-Book + A Video Interview May 3, 2001
The logo for the Women's National Book Association 
Somewhat Accelerated Prediction of the Future of eBooks
Jeremy Norman
"Origins of Cyberspace"
November 2002
Blaise Aguera y Arcas
Computational Analytical Bibliography Makes Typographical Discovery
The codex form of a Japanese cell phone novel.
The First Cell Phone Novel
2003859,000 New Book Titles Are Published Worldwide in 2003 2003The First Attempt to "Establish the Geneology of the Computer as an Expressive Medium" in a Single Volume April 7 – April 9, 2003
Lotfi Belkhir
The First Automatic Page-Turning Scanner: "Moving Knowledge from Books to Bytes"
October 23, 2003
Gary Wolf
Amazon Introduces "Search Inside" 120,000 Books
November 1, 2003
Umberto Eco
"Vegetal and Mineral Memory: The Future of Books"
December 2003
Michael Hawley
The World's Largest Book --Spectacularly Beautiful
2004 – 2014How Employment in Bookselling and Newspaper and Magazine Publishing in the U.S. Declined Since the "Great Recession" 2004
Robert (Bob) Stein
The Institute for the Future of the Book
The cover art for From Gutenberg to the Internet: A Sourcebook on the History of Information Technology by Jeremy Norman
"From Gutenberg to the Internet"
2005Reflections on the Transition from Hot Metal to Digital Typesetting October 5, 2005
J.K. Rowling
300,000,000 Printed Copies of Harry Potter
December 14, 2005
A cover of the journal Nature
The Wikipedia is Rated Nearly as Accurate as Encyclopedia Brittanica
2006 – January 19, 2012
The Springer logo
Springer Published 50,000 eBooks
April 2006
The Espresso Book Machine
The Espresso "On Demand" Book Machine
May 14, 2006
Kevin Kelly
"The entire works of humankind, from the beginning of recorded history, in all languages" would amount to 50 petabytes of data.
July 13, 2006 – September 30, 2010
The Rice University Press logo
Reborn Digital: The First Fully Digital University Press: A 3 Year Experiment in the United States
September 2006
The cover of Le Document a la Lumiere du Numerique
"The Document in the Digital Era" by Web-Footed
Circa September – October 2006
The Sony Reader PRS-500
The Sony Reader PRS-500 is Introduced
Circa December 2006U.S. Publishers Sell 3.1 Billion Books 2007
The cover art of Preserving Digital Information by Henry M. Gladney
A Printed Book on Preserving Digital Information
The Gutenberg Bible
More than 4.7 Billion Bibles Were Been Printed Between 1455 and 2007
2007No More than 10,000,000 Unique Editions before 1900 2007
The Book Industry Study Group logo
Sales of Books in America in 2007
Robert Darnton
976,000 New Book Titles Published in 2007
November 5, 2007 – 2008
Anthony Grafton
Anthony Grafton's "Codex in Crisis"
November 19, 2007
The Amazon logo
The Amazon Kindle is Introduced
November 19, 2007Kindle Direct Publishing Introduced June 2008Encyclopedia Brittanica Will Include Wiki-Style Collaboration October 2008 – March 2012The Largest Atlas Ever Published as a Printed Book November 18, 2008
Cover of Tango with Cows, Vasily Kamensky.  Please click on image to view larger image.
"Tango with Cows" : A Virtual Exhibition
November 21, 2008"From Book Fluency to Screen Fluency, from Literacy to Visuality" December 2, 2008Probably the Most Expensive Single Volume Printed Edition Ever Published February 12, 2009"Google and the Future of Books" May 5, 2009Increasing Sales of Digital Books (eBooks) May 6, 2009Larger Version of the Amazon Kindle Introduced July 6, 2009Virtual Reunification of the Codex Sinaiticus July 22, 2009USA Today Adds eBook Sales to its Bestsellers List August 2009The Overlap of Innovation and Tradition in the 15th Century Media Revolution September 14, 2009Darnton's Case for Books: Past, Present and Future October 2009The First Historical Thesaurus in Any Language October 3, 2009Google CEO Eric Schmidt On Newspapers & Journalism October 7, 2009eBook Sales Represent 1.6% of Book Sales December 2009Convergence of Media: Packaging Blu-ray Discs in Books December 23, 2009The Amazon Kindle is Hacked; eBook Digital Rights Management Cracked December 27, 2009eBooks Begin to Outsell Physical Books; 1.49 Million Kindles Sold? January 27, 2010Steve Jobs Introduces the iPad, the First Widely Sold Tablet Computer February 22, 2010The First Superman Comic Book sells for $1,000,000. April 5, 2010Probably the First Fully Visually Satisfying Interactive eBook April 7, 2010U.S. Book Sales in 2009: $23.9 Billion May 6, 2010General Statistics on the U.S. Book Publishing Industry June 2010Social Networking Added to Reading Electronic Books July 8, 2010Stanford's New Engineering Library Houses Few Physical Books July 19, 2010For the First Time E-books Outsell Digital Books on Amazon.com July 26, 2010The First Traditional Humanities Journal to Try "Open" Peer Review August 5, 2010Google Calculates That There are "129,864,880" Different Books in the World September 8, 2010eBook Edition Released Prior to Hardcover Edition September 19, 2010Possibly the First Academic Library with No Physical Books October 14, 2010 – April 2013Google Books Scanned More than 15 Million Books in 6 Years and More than 30 Million in 9 Years December 9, 2010Bestsellers on eBook Readers: Romance Novels December 13, 2010The Digital Public Library of America December 16, 2010An Interactive Pop-Up Children's Book App for the iPhone & iPad December 23, 2010eBooks Represent 9-10% of Trade-Book Sales 2011 – 2013Anonymous Scottish Book Sculptures 2011The Universal Short Title Catalogue is Founded January 2011The First Independently Published Magazine Exclusively for the iPad January 28, 2011Publishing Non-Fiction Exclusively for Cell Phones, eBook Readers and Tablet Computers February 11, 2011The New York Times Begins Ranking eBook Best Sellers February 16 – September 18, 2011Borders Files Chapter 11 Bankruptcy & Closes the Last of its Bookstores February 25, 2011The Second Best-Selling Book in America Priced Like an App (99 Cents) March 2011The Environmental Impacts of eBooks and eBook Readers March 2, 2011In its First Year Apple's iBookstore Sold 100,000,000 Books April 2011A Program for Signing and Inscribing Ebooks April 20, 2011Amazon to Launch Library Lending for eBooks on the Kindle Platform May 2011The Saint John's Bible is Completed May 9, 2011The First Major Print Magazine Publisher to Offer iPad Subscriptions May 18, 2011"Print isn't dead, says Bowker's Annual Book Production Report May 19, 2011Ebooks Outsell Physical Books on Amazon.com June 6, 2011College Textbooks Make a Slower Transition from Print to Digital July 2011South Korea to Shift All Primary and High School Textbooks to Digital by 2015 August 1, 2011Non-Traditional Book Publishing on the Internet is 8X the Output of Traditional Book Publishing August 11, 2011The Methodists' Handwritten Bible September 6, 2011Michael Hart, Father of eBooks & Founder of Project Gutenberg, Dies September 28 – November 14, 2011Amazon Introduces the Kindle Fire October 5, 2011Steve Jobs Dies October 18, 2011What Would an Infinite Digital Bookcase Look Like? November 20, 2011Digital Books Represent 25% of Sales of Some Categories of Books but Less than 5% of Childrens' Books November 23, 2011Rapid Growth of the Digital Textbook Market in the U.S. December 2011Amazon.com Sold More Than 4 Million Kindles in December 2011 December 1, 2011Statistics on European and U.S. eBook Sales January 5, 2012Sales of eBook Readers in 2011 January 19, 2012Apple Introduces iBooks 2, iBooks Author, and iTunes U January 23, 2012Discovery of the Afghan Genizah March 14, 2012The Encyclopedia Britannica Ends Print Publication April 12, 2012U.S. Justice Department Sues Major Publishers Over the Pricing of eBooks; Amazon Wins April 17, 2012Improving the Research Potential of ESTC April 18, 2012"Companies that have existed for centuries could be gone in a generation unless they make a single radical change." April 23, 2012Using a Densitometer to Measure Usage of Medieval Books of Hours August 16, 2012The First Book Stored in DNA and then Read September 3, 2012The Book History Online Database, Previously a Free Service, Becomes an Expensive Private Research Source September 25, 2012The World's Smallest Book Requires a Scanning Electron Microscope to be Seen October 2012Online Advertising is Expected to Surpass Print Advertising, But TV Advertising Dwarfs Both October 2012A 3D Virtual Reality Reader for eBooks October 29, 2012Penguin to Merge with Random House November 5, 2012eBooks Accounted for 22% of All Book Spending in Second Quarter of 2012 November 19, 2012Penguin Books Introduces a New eBook Lending Program November 20, 2012The CEO of Barnes & Noble No Longer Reads Physical Books December 2012Silvia Hartmann's Novel, "Dragon Lords," Cloud-Sourced with 13,000 Collaborators December 17, 2012eBook Reading Jumps; Print Book Reading Declines 2013
Possibly the worlds smallest book: Shiki no Kusabana (Flowers of Seasons).
The 2013 Contender for the World's Smallest Printed Book
January 20, 2013Online Reviews Used as Attack Weapons to Kill Sales of a Book January 22, 2013The Pew Internet Report on Library Services in the Digital Age February 14, 2013Selling Off Print Media to Allow Fast-Growing Film & Television Assets to Grow Unencumbered by Legacy Print Businesses March 28, 2013eBooks Represented 22.55% of U.S. New Book Sales in 2012 April 11, 2013"The Reading Brain in the Digital Age: The Science of Paper versus Screens" May 2013Flash Marketing of E-Books July 5, 2013Amazon Sells More than 25% of New Books in the U.S. July 8, 2013The History of Typography in Stop-Motion Animation July 10, 2013Apple Illegally Conspired to With Publishers to Try to Raise the Prices of eBooks October 27, 2013The Market for Very Young Children's Books Has Grown, Partly in Reaction to eBooks October 29, 2013Amazon Launches the Kindle MatchBook Service November 12, 2013Herpes Virus and Cocaine Found on Widely Borrowed Copy of "Fifty Shades of Grey" November 14, 2013Judge Rules that Google Books Does Not Infringe Copyright December 24, 2013"As New Services Track Habits, the E-Books are Reading You" January 4, 2014Trends in Reading, Book Reviewing, Publishing and Writing as of the Beginning of 2014 January 21, 2014The Ongoing Debate on the Future of Libraries at the University of California January 29, 2014"Sensory Fiction": A Kind of Virtual Reality E-Book Reading Experience February 2014Animatronic Book Hive Sculpture to Commemorate the 400th Anniversary of the Bristol Central Library February 17, 2014"Cheap Words. Amazon is good for consumers but is it good for books?" February 20, 2014Publishing the Wikipedia in 1000 Physical Volumes?? April 2014"Book Traces" a Crowd-Sourced Web Project June 6, 2014Thieves of Gutenberg Bible are Sentenced in Russia July 29, 2014Amazon States its Economic Position on the Sale of E-Books in the "Amazon/Hachette Business Interruption" August 18, 2014Putting the Footnotes in a Physical Book on the Author's Website September 13, 2014An Anthology to be Published on Paper in 2114 September 29, 2014"The Hidden Cost of E-Books at University Libraries" December 17, 2014Amazon's Research in the Reading Process & its Introduction of the Ability with its E-Readers to Switch Back and Forth Between the Written and Audible Versions of a Book