4406 entries. 94 themes. Last updated December 26, 2016.

Timeline Outline ViewEra: All Eras   |   Theme: Censorship


June 9 – June 20, 1239Pope Gregory IX Orders the Seizure and Burning of Jewish Books 1275Early Origins of the Star Chamber 1471
Archbishop Niccolò Perotti of Spiponto was the first to suggest Vatican censorship and review of all printed works after noticing numerous errors in an edition of Pliny.
Niccolò Perotti Makes the First Call for Press Censorship
April 1487"Malleus Malleficarum", Handbook for Witch-Hunters and Inquisitors November 17, 1487Pope Innocent VIII Begins Prepublication Censorship 1501
 Pope Alexander VI issued a bull granting cesorial powers over book printing to Archbishops and local authorities serving under them. (View Larger)
Pope Alexander VI Confirms & Expands Censorship
May 4, 1515
 Pope Leo X, famous for later fighting Martin Luther's 95 theses, issued the strictest decree of papal censorship to date in 1515, with the aim of eliminating 'dangerous' texts which were causing evil to propogate 'from day to day.' (View Larger)
Pope Leo X Decrees the Most Stringent Papal Censorship Before the Reformation
June 15, 1520
 The title page of Pope Leo X's bull 'Exsurge Domine,' bearing the Papal coat of arms, was written to warn Martin Luther that he must recant his 95 Theses or risk excommunication. (View Larger)
Pope Leo X Responds to Luther's "95 Theses"
May 26, 1521The Emperor Charles V Issues "The Law of Printing" in Response to the Excommunication of Luther November 16, 1538Henry VIII Establishes Pre-Publication Censorship in England 1543Nicolaus Copernicus Begins the Copernican Revolution May 12, 1543Henry VIII Restricts the Reading of the Bible 1553
Engraved portrait of Michael Servetus.
Michael Servetus: Medical Discovery, Heresy, and Martyrdom
1554The Spanish Inquistion Publishes its First List of Censored Works 1559The Sacred Congregation of the Inquisition Begins Publication of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum September 10, 1563Charles IX Forbids Any French Printer from Printing Without Permission, Under Penalty of Being Hanged or Strangled June 23, 1586The Star Chamber Court Consolidates and Amplifies the Regulation of Printing in England 1621"Corante. . . ," the First Printed News Sheet or Newspaper Published in English May 23, 1622"News from Most Parts of Christendom," Forerunner of the Printed English Newspaper 1634Introduction of Book Burning by the Hangman July 11, 1637A Decree of the Star Chamber Concerning Printing July 11, 1637 1640Abolition of the Star Chamber Court Stimulates Publishing 1640 Р1660Sixty Printed Books and Three Newsbooks Are Ordered to be Burned June 16, 1643The British Government Attempts to Re-Establish Censorship 1644John Milton Issues Aereopagitica: "For Books are Not Absolutely Dead Things; but Doe Contain a Potencie of Life . . . ." 1665 Р1666Jacques Raveneau Issues the First Book on the Detection of Forged Documents 1675Laws of Book Production and the Book Trade 1684 Р1718The First Book Review Journal: an Early Long-Distance Intellectual Community and Social Network 1695The End of Pre-Publication Censorship Stimulates Newspapers and Other Publishing 1751 Р1780Diderot & d'Alembert's Encyclopédie, the Central Enterprise of the French Enlightenment 1759Voltaire Issues "Candide, ou l'Optimism" Anonymously and Secretively 1773 Р1782The Siku Quanshu: Probably the Most Ambitious Editorial Enterprise before the Wikipedia 1777The Earliest Directory of the Book Trade? 1798Tsar Paul I Suppresses Private Printing in Russia 1819
William Lawrence
William Lawrence Describes the Natural History of Man
1873 – 1950Anthony Comstock Founds the New York Society for the Suppression of Vice and Lobbies for Passage of the "Comstock Law" 1925 – 1927Blue-Print for The Third Reich April 6, 1933 – 1945Hitler Seizes Power in Germany and the Nazis Begin Purging Germany of Jews & Jewish Culture, Eventually Burning 100,000,000 Books and Killing About 20 Million People 1948The Final Edition of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum is Published 1949Orwell's "Nineteen Eighty-Four" is Published 1953 – November 2011Ray Bradbury's Early Dystopian View of Books: "Fahrenheit 451" March 9, 1953"Once the government can demand of a publisher the names of the purchasers of his publications, the free press as we know it disappears." 1956Standing up to Censorship and McCarthyism During the "Second Red Scare" 1956"Nineteen Eighty-Four" Filmed 1966The Second Vatican Council Abolishes the Index Librorum Prohibitorum 1973 – 1990Book Burning and Personal Book Collecting by Chilean Dictator Augusto Pinochet November 29, 1999The Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act is Enacted 2002
Author Hao Qun, known by the pen name Murong Xuecun
Working Around Chinese Censorship of Literary Works
April 14, 2005
Xiao Qiang
Development and State Control of the Chinese Internet
December 2006
Julian Assange
"An Uncensorable System for Mass Document Leaking"
December 31, 2006
Julian Assange
Wikileaks Manifesto
May 19, 2009"Green Dam Youth Escort" June 13, 2009Piracy of Internet Filtering Software? June 23, 2009"The Web Pries Lid off Iranian Censorship" November 26 – November 26, 2009U.S. National Text Pager Intercepts from 9/11 Are Released December 2009 – January 12, 2010Google's Computers in China Come Under Attack, Initiating a Review of the Company's Operations in China March 22, 2010Google Pulls its Search Engine Out of Mainland China July 29, 2010Wikileaks Installs an "Insurance File" November 28 – December 8, 2010The Wikileaks U. S. Diplomatic Cables Leak December 27, 2010Founder of Wikileaks to Publish his Autobiography February 25, 2011Four Phases of Government Internet Surveillance and Censorship to Date January 17, 2012Major Websites Go Dark to Protest Web Censorship Legislation February 2014How Book Censorship Works in Jordan October 25, 2014ISIS Closes Mosul University Departments and Bans Text Books