4406 entries. 94 themes. Last updated December 26, 2016.

Timeline Outline ViewEra: All Eras   |   Theme: Computer / Digital / Internet Culture


A portrait of Ramon Llull. (View Larger)
Logical Machines for the Production of Knowledge
1726Jonathan Swift Creates a Fictional Device that Resembles a Modern Computer October 1843The First Published Computer Programs, Translated and Augmented by Lord Byron's Daughter June 1941 – October 2, 1955Key Events in the Development of the First General Purpose Electronic Digital Computer, the ENIAC September 9, 1945The First Use of "Bug" in the Context of Computing 1948Norbert Wiener Issues "Cybernetics", the First Widely Distributed Book on Electronic Computing 1949Edmund Berkeley's "Giant Brains," the First Popular Book on Electronic Computers 1953 – 1957Probably the First Computer-Controlled Aesthetic System 1956 – January 1958The Origins of The Term "Software" Within the Context of Computing 1957The Movie "Desk Set", Satirizing the Role of Automation in Eliminating Jobs, and Librarians June 1959The First Formal Definition of Hacker December 1959 – 1975Highlights of the Digital Equipment Corporation PDP Series of Minicomputers 1960
William A Fetter: while working for Boeing, made the first computer model of the human body (
William Fetter Coins the Term "Computer Graphics"
November 1960Technical Basis for the Development of Phreaking 1961Arthur C. Clarke Publishes "Dial F for Frankenstein," an Inspiration for Tim Berners-Lee 1961George Forsythe Coins the Term "Computer Science" 1961The IBM 7094 is The First Computer to Sing 1962Spacewar, the First Computer Game for a Commercially Available Computer July 28, 1962First of the "Ten Greatest Software Bugs of All Time" November 20, 1963First Use of the Term "Hacker" in the Context of Computing 1965Tom Van Vleck & Noel Morris Write One of the First Email Programs 1965Irving John Good Originates the Concept of the Technological Singularity 1966The Amateur Computer Society, Possibly the First Personal Computer Club, is Founded 1968Stanley Kubrick & Arthur C. Clarke Create "2001: A Space Odyssey" 1969Heinz von Foerster Issues the First Book on Computer Music to Include Recordings of Compositions October 29, 1969Charley Kline Sends the First Message Over the ARPANET 1970Xerox PARC is Founded 1971Phreaker Underground Telephone System Culture 1971The Creeper Worm, the First Computer Virus March 1971Ray Tomlinson Selects the @ in Email September 1971"Galaxy Game", the Earliest Coin-Operated Computer or Video Game November 1971"Computer Space," the First Commercially Sold Coin-Operated Video Game December 7, 1972SPACEWAR: Fanatic Life and Symbolic Death Among the Computer Bums 1973The Plato IV System, Probably the World's First Online Community 1973"Community Memory," the First Public Computerized Bulletin Board System Circa 1973Invention of the Word "Internet" 1973 – 1974Maze War, the First Networked 3D Multi-User First Person Shooter Game 1974First Use of the Term "Mainframe" 1974Ted Nelson Publishes a Manifesto of the Microcomputer Revolution May 5, 1974Cerf & Kahn Publish TCP: A Protocol for Packet Network Communication 1975Byte Magazine, One of the First Personal Computer Magazines, Begins Publication 1975 – 1976"Adventure," the First Computer Text Adventure Game Circa 1975The Warez Scene Emerges 1975Frederick Brooks Writes "The Mythical Man-Month" 1975"Home Pong" is Released 1975The "Utah Teapot" is Created January 1975 – 1976The MITS Altair, the First Personal Computer to Get "Wide Notice" Among Enthusiasts March 1975The Homebrew Computer Club Holds its First Meeting January 1976The First Journal on Software for Personal Computers April 1, 1976 – December 13, 2011Foundation of Apple Computer and the Origin of the Name July 1976The Apple I is Released 1977The First Multi-Player Computer Games Evolve on the Plato IV-V System 1977 – 1979The Interactive Text Adventure Game "Zork" May 1, 1977The First Intentional Spam February 16, 1978The First Dial-UP CBBS 1979 – 1980The First Graphical Computer Adventure Game September 1979Origins of the Computer History Museum May 22, 1980Pac-Man is Introduced 1982The First Computer Virus Spread by Floppy Disk July 1982William Gibson Coins the Word Cyberspace September 19, 1982Origins of the Smiley on the Internet September 23, 1983The GNU Free Software Project November 1983Cyberpunk Coined November 10, 1983Coining the Term "Computer Virus" 1984"Cyberspace" Popularized 19842600: The Hacker Quarterly June 1984Perhaps the first Underground "Ezine" 1985Avatar in the Context of Online Representation of a User 1985Nintendo's Super Mario Bros. March 1985The GNU Manifesto March 15, 1985The First Registered Internet Domain April 1, 1985One of the First Online Communities October 4, 1985The Free Software Foundation 1986Influential on the Development of Cyberpunk January 1986"Brain", the First PC Virus Epidemic, Created in Lahore, Pakistan January 8, 1986The Hacker Manifesto 1988 – 2000Boing-Boing Begins as a Print Magazine March 1989An Internet-Based Hypertext System: Conceptual Origin of the World Wide Web November 12, 1990Berners-Lee Plans the World Wide Web November 13, 1990The First Web Page December 25, 1990The First Web Browser and Web Server 1991The First Webcam March 1991First Release of the First Web Browser September 1991The Gopher Protocol December 12, 1991The First Web Server in North America 1992The First Image Posted to the Web June 1992Visions of a Metaverse 1993The Web's First and Longest Continuously Running Blog January 1993The Singularity March 1993Wired 1.01 May 1993The First Commercial Website with the First Online Advertising 1994FishCam: The Oldest Nearly Continuously Operational Webcam January 1994One of the Earliest Blogs March 12 – March 13, 1994The First Internet Cafe April 12, 1994Commercial Spaming Starts with the "Green Card Spam" October 1994Whitehouse.gov Becomes Operational December 1994"From Webspace to Cyberspace": A Pioneering Cultural and Historical Work December 3, 1994PlayStation is Launched March 25, 1995The First Wiki June 1995"Johnny Mnemonic": The First Film to Portray a Graphic Vision of Cyberspace August 9, 1995The Beginning of the "Dot-Com Bubble" November 23, 1995ABC's "World News Now" Becomes the First Television Show Broadcast over the Internet 1996A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace January 2, 1996First Recorded Use of the Term, Phishing April 1996 – 2003The First Full-Time Online Webcam Girl May 11, 1997Kasparov Loses to Deep Blue: The First Time a Human Chess Player Loses to a Computer Under Tournament Conditions 1998The Cluetrain Manifesto 1998"You've Got Mail", a Movie about Love, Email, and the Book Trade 1999The Matrix: Referencing Cyberpunk and Hacker Cultures 1999Nigerian Letter Scams Move to the Internet 1999"The World Wide Web is the only thing I know of whose shortened form takes three times longer to say than what it is short for." June 1, 1999The Napster Sharing Service for MP3 Files is Launched November 29, 1999The Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act is Enacted March 5, 2001
The Napster logo
An Injunction Against Napter to Prevent Trading of Copyrighted Music
November 15, 2001
The original Xbox
Microsoft's Xbox is Launched
Steven Spielberg
"Minority Report": The Movie
Paul Marino
Machinima is Founded
Linden Lab logo
"Second Life" is Launched
May 2003 – May 2009
Grand Text Auto logo
"Grand Text Auto" A Group Blog
August 2003
Brad Greenspan
MySpace is Founded
February 4, 2004
Mark Zuckerberg
March 31, 2005
The PS1
Sony's Playstation and PS1 Are the First Game Console to Sell 100 Million Units
April 23, 2005
A screen shot from the first video uploaded to YouTube
The First Video is Uploaded to YouTube
May 9, 2005 – February 7, 2011
The Huffington Post homepage
AOL Buys The Huffington Post
August 4 – August 8, 2005
The Wikimedia logo
Wikimania!: The First International Wikimedia Conference Takes Place
August 25, 2005 – January 11, 2006
A screenshot of the Million Dollar Homepage
The Million Dollar Homepage
January 16, 2006
Gary Kremen
The Highest Price Paid for a Domain Name
February 2, 2006
The cover of the 200th issue of Electronic Gaming Monthly
"The Greatest 200 Videogames of Their Time"
March 2006
The World Wide Web History Center logo
World Wide Web History Center is Founded
April 2006 – May 9, 2009
Judson Laipply
The Most Viewed Video on YouTube as of 2009
October 2006
Will it Blend?: Viral Marketing
November 26, 2006
Ailin Graef
"Anshe Chung Becomes First Virtual World Millionaire"
December 2006
Julian Assange
"An Uncensorable System for Mass Document Leaking"
December 15, 2008The First Reported Case of ZZZ-Mailing April 28, 2009Kickstarter.com is Launched March 2010The Sociology of Wikipedians April 20, 2010"The Data-Driven Life" July 29, 2010Wikileaks Installs an "Insurance File" August 5, 2010The 2010 Social Networking "World Map" October 1, 2010"The Social Network": The Origins of Facebook November 9, 2010Towards a New Digital Legal Information Environment November 28 – December 8, 2010The Wikileaks U. S. Diplomatic Cables Leak December 8, 2010The Website of MasterCard is Hacked by Wikileaks Supporters December 29, 2010Facebook is the Most Searched for and Most Visited Website in America 2011Google's Track of its Own Development January 2011The Smartphone Becomes the CPU of the Laptop January 15, 2011The Wikipedia Celebrates its Tenth Anniversary July 7 – July 17, 2011Leading British Tabloid Closed Because of Cell Phone Hacking Scandal September 2011Snapchat: Communication and Automatic Destruction of Information September 6, 2011Michael Hart, Father of eBooks & Founder of Project Gutenberg, Dies October 5, 2011Steve Jobs Dies 2012The Anatomy of an Internet Attack by "Anonymous" December 12, 2012
Screen shot from first video to hit one billion views on youtube.com
The First YouTube Video to Reach a Billion Views
April 30, 2013On the Twentieth Anniversary CERN Restores the First Website November 1 – November 21, 2013The First Auction of Internet Domains by a Major Auction House February 25, 2014Selfiecity.net. Analysis and Visualization of Thousands of Selfie Photos. . . .