4406 entries. 94 themes. Last updated December 26, 2016.

Timeline Outline ViewEra: All Eras   |   Theme: Publishing


Circa 130 BCE
Ruins of the Roman Forum, where the Acta Diurna was posted.
Acta Diurna: the First Daily Gazette
Circa 70 BCE
Marcus Tullius Cicero. (View Larger)
The Book Trade in Cicero's Rome
84 CE – 86 CE
A portrait of Martial.
The First Mention of Literary Works Published in Parchment Codices
Circa 180 CE"Attic Nights" : Lack of Arrangement Makes its Own Kind of Arrangement 192 CEGrief at the Loss of a Personal Library: Rediscovery of a Long Lost Treatise by Galen on Books and Libraries 330 CE – 1453The Decline of Literacy in the Byzantine Empire 330 CE – 1453The Limitations of Book Production and Book Trade in the Byzantine Empire Circa 420 CEOne of the Few Surviving Sources for the Administrative Structure of the Late Roman Empire Circa 610 – 1200During the Middle Ages Book Production is Concentrated in Monasteries 713 – 734
A reproduction of the Kalyuan Za Bao, one of the earliest newspapers. (View Larger)
One of the Earliest Newspapers, Written on Silk
800 – 860"Mass Production" of Bibles at Tours: A "New" Development in Medieval Book Production Circa 950The Massive Byzantine Encyclopedic Dictionary 972 – 983
Point A marks Chendu, or Ch'eng-tu, China. (View Larger)
5,048 Printed Volumes Containing 130,000 Pages
988 – 990The Earliest Universal Bibliography 1180 – 1575Factors Influencing the Development of the French Language, Literature, and Book Production April 4, 1228Introduction of the Pecia System Circa 1230 – 1275
Folio 1r of Fr. 1573 at the Bibliotheque Nationale, the earliest extant copy of 'Le Roman de la Rose.' (View Larger)
Le Roman de la Rose: A Medieval Best Seller
1250 – 1550From 1250 to 1550 More Books of Hours Were Produced by Hand & by Press than Any Other Type of Book 1298 – 1299
Folio 54r from a facsimile of 'Le divisament dou monde,' preserved at the University of Graz, in Germany. (View Larger)
The Lure and Romance of Travel to the East
Circa 1304 – 1309
Folio 11 of MS M.232, the Morgan Library's 1470 Belgian manuscript of Ruralia Commoda. (View Larger)
Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, and Horticulture
A scene from Rashid al-Din Tabib's 'Jami al-Tawarikh' in which the Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam. (View Larger)
Islamic History Containing the Earliest Notice of Chinese Printing from…
Circa 1325 – 1450Renaissance Humanists Hunt for the Manuscripts of Roman Authors Circa 1420 – 1470
An image of Moses from the Book of Leviticus: folio 141v of a manuscript bible produced in the workshop of the scribe Diebold Lauber. (View Larger)
Serial Workshop Production of Medieval Manuscripts
Circa 1440 – 1475From About 1440 -1470 the Production of Manuscript Books Increased; From 1471 to 1490, with the Increase of Printed Book Production, Manuscript Book Production Declined 1448The First Concordance of the Hebrew Bible 1452 – 1483
Lorenzo Valla (View Larger)
The First Latin Translation of Thucydides
Circa 1454Possibly the First Printed Edition Donatus's "Ars minor", the Most Widely Used Medieval Grammar August 14, 1457
The colophon of the 1457 Mainz Psalter, featuring the first printer's mark. (View Larger)
The Mainz Psalter. . . .without "Any Driving of the Pen"
October 6, 1459
The first page of Guillelmus Duranti's Rationale divinorum officiorum. (View Larger)
Fust and Schöffer Publish the First Book Set in Fere-Humanistica or Gotico-Antiqua…
The first page of a manuscript of De oratore by Cicero, written and illuminated in Northern Italy in the 15th century, and preserved in the British Library
Cicero's "De oratore", Perhaps the First Book Printed in Italy
Detail from page of De officiis with Paradoxa Stoicorum.  Click on the image to see the entire page.
The First Three Printed Editions of Classical Texts, all by Cicero
Portrait of Augustine of Hippo by Philippe de Champaigne.
An Anonymous Scholar Describes the Value and Difficulty of Preparing an Accurate Manuscript for Printing
June 1466
The German Mentelin Bible, published by Johann Mentelin in 1466, was the first bible published in a modern language. (View Larger)
Johannes Mentelin Issues the First Edition of the Bible in a Modern Language
Adolf Rusch's printing of the encyclopedia 'De Sermonum Propietate,
Adolf Rusch Issues the First Printed Encyclopedia, by Hrabanus Maurus
June 12, 1467
The first edition of St. Augustine's 'De Civitate Dei,' meaning City of God, is the oldest printed work for which the original manuscript remains. (View Larger)
Augustine's "De civitate dei", Possibly the Earliest Printed Book for which…
December 31, 1467
An engraved portrait of Juan de Torquemada from 1791. (Click on the image to view larger.)
Torquemada's "Mediationes", the Earliest Illustrated Printed Book Published in Italy
Portrait of Pope Paul II by Cristofano dell'Atissimo (1525-1605).
Printing Decreased the Costs of Books by 80%
1469 – 1470
Detail of page from Sweynheym and Pannartz's edition of the Opera of Virgil at Rome. (Please click on image to view the entire page.)
The First Printed Editions of Virgil
Circa 1469 – 1550The Extraordinary Productivity of Early Venetian Printers June 1469 – September 1470
A portrait of Peter Schoffer.
Peter Schöffer Issues the Earliest Surviving Book List Issued by a Printer
September 1469
Portrait of Andrea Navagero Beazzano and Augustine by Raphael, 1516. (Click on image to view larger.)
Johannes de Spira Becomes the First Printer in Venice
A 17th century engraving of The Sorbonne, Paris.
Heynlin & Fichet Establish the First Press in France
The typographer's mark of Venetian Nicolas Jensen, creator of the first Roman-style typeface. (View Larger)
Eusebius Caesariensis, "De evangelica praeparatione", the First Book Printed…
Archbishop Niccolò Perotti of Spiponto was the first to suggest Vatican censorship and review of all printed works after noticing numerous errors in an edition of Pliny.
Niccolò Perotti Makes the First Call for Press Censorship
1472 – 1475The Earliest Printings of Plato in the Fifteenth Century April 21, 1472Bagellardo's Pediatrics, the First Medical or Scientific Treatise to be First Published as a Printed Book Rather than a Manuscript 1473 – 1474William Caxton Issues the First Book Printed in English August 1473 – December 1474Scribe Filippo de Strata's Polemic Against Printing 1474Probably the Best-Selling 15th Century Printed Book by a Living Author. 1475The Staff and Salaries of a 15th Century Venetian Printing Office January 26, 1475
Section of a page from the Codex Justinianus.
Peter Schöffer Issues the "Codex Justinianus", Probably the First Printed Civil Law Book
February 17, 1475Abraham ben Garton Issues the First Dated Book Printed in Hebrew 1476Erhard Ratdolt Issues Regiomontanus's "Kalendario", with the First "Modern" Title Page 1476 – 1477Caxton Prints the First Book Advertisement in the English Language April 18, 1476Jean de Vigne's "La légende dorée", the First Book Printed in French November 18, 1477Caxton's "The Dictes or Sayengis of the Philosophres", the First Dated Book Printed in England July 1478The First Printed Edition of Dioscorides 1480A Typical Print Run in 1480 1480 – 16001775 Different Editions of Printed Books of Hours Were Issued Between 1480 and 1600 1481"Psalterium Graeco-latinum cum Canticis", the Earliest Printing of Any Book of the Bible in Greek January 26, 1482The First Printed Edition of the Torah in Hebrew May 25, 1482
Detail of page from Euclid's Elements.  Please click to view entire page.
Euclid's Elements, the Most Famous Textbook Ever Published
Circa 1483"Treatise on the Pestilence", the Earliest Medical Work Printed in English 1484 – 1485The First Edition of Plato's Opera, Printed by the First Press to Employ Women Circa 1485 – 1525Law Books Are the Leading Subject in Venetian Publishing 1486The First Printed Haggadah February 11, 1486Breydenbach's "Peregrinatio in terram sanctam", the First Illustrated Travel Book: An International Bestseller April 1, 1486Erhard Ratdolt Issues the Earliest Known Type Specimen September 1, 1486 – May 21, 1487Marco Antonio Sabellico Receives the First Known Author's Copyright April 1487"Malleus Malleficarum", Handbook for Witch-Hunters and Inquisitors April 22, 1488The First Complete Printed Hebrew Bible February 15, 1493Columbus's Description of the New World: the First Eyewitness Report to Become a Bestseller; in 2016, Reports of a Theft and Forgery of a Copy of the Third Edition June 12 – December 23, 1493The Nuremberg Chronicle February 11, 1494Sebastian Brant's "Book Fool", and Others 1495 – 1498The Aldine Aristotle, One of the Most Significant Publishing Ventures of the Fifteenth Century February 1495 – 1496The Aldine Theocritus: Scholarly Compromises in Running a Publishing House Circa 1496The First English Book Printed on Paper Made in England May 25, 1498 – 1501
 'Harmonice Musices Odhecaton,' a collection of secular songs, was the first book of music to be printed using movable type.  (View Larger)
The First Book of Sheet Music Printed from Movable Type
1500Early Printing in Hebrew Circa 1500 – 1600The Transition from Latin to the Vernacular in the 16th Century Circa 1500Aldus's "Rules of the Modern Academy" Known From a Single Surviving Copy 1500A Census of Print Runs for Fifteenth-Century Books Circa 1500"Paper accounts for as much as fifty percent of the cost of a Renaissance-era book" December 1500
 The 'Nuremberg Chronicle,' written in Latin by Hartmann Schedel and published in 1493, is represented by c. 1250 surviving copies, more than any other incunabulum.  (View Larger)
Printing Presses are Established in 282 Cities
 Pope Alexander VI issued a bull granting cesorial powers over book printing to Archbishops and local authorities serving under them. (View Larger)
Pope Alexander VI Confirms & Expands Censorship
April 1501The Aldine Virgil: the First Book Completely Printed in Italic Type and the First of Aldus's Pocket Editions of the Classics, Model for the Portable Printed Book Format 1502Aldus Manutius Publishes the Editiones Principes of Thucydides, Sophocles, and Herodotus 1508Wynkyn de Worde Issues the First English Book on Preparing and Carving Meat, Game and Fish May 22, 1511
 The first printed edition of 'De Architectura,' originally written by Roman architect Marcus Virtuvius Pollio, was printed in Venice in 1511 and contained 136 woodcut illustrations and diagrams.  (View Larger)
Fra Giovanni Giocondo Issues the First Illustrated Edition of Vitruvius
September 1513Richard Fawkes Issues the Earliest English Printed Newsbook 1514
Detail from page of Theorica et practica . . .de modo scribendi fabricandique omnes literarum species.  Please click on image to view entire page opening.
Sigismondo Fanti Issues the First Illustrated Manual on the Art of Writing
1516Samuel ben Isaac Nedivot & his Son Isaac Issue the First Book Printed on the Continent of Africa 1517
    Alessandro Minuziano was effectively the first to challenge a 'copyright' by reprinting an edition with exclusive rights; the Pope who issued the right was angered, but later allowed the publication after a detailed apology from Minuziano.   (View Larger)
Alessandro Minuziano Records the First Documented Legal Case Concerning…
October 31, 1517
 Martin Luther begins the Protestant Reformation in Germany in 1517, the spread of which is largely due to the mass availability of Luther's 95 Theses in German, making the movement of the Reformation 'one of the first in history to be aided by the printing press.' (View Larger)
Martin Luther Launches the Protestant Reformation
1519 – 1523Daniel van Bomberghen, a Devout Christian, Issues the First Printed Edition of the Complete Babylonian Talmud August 1520
Martin Luther's 'On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church,' in which he criticizes the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church, was the second of three treatises published by Luther in 1520 which became manifestos for the Reformation.  (View Larger)
Martin Luther Issues the Manifesto of the Reformation
July 15, 1521
Detail of Title Page of De Architectura Libri Dece.  Please click on the image to see the full page.
Cesare Cesariano & Colleagues Interpret Roman Architecture in the Artistic Language of the Renaissance
1525Andrea Torresani di Asolo Issues the Editio Princeps of Galen in Greek 1526 – 1550Half of All Books Published in Europe are Printed in Venice August 9, 1537 – August 9, 1538Paganino & Alessandro Paganini Issue the First Printed Edition of the Qur'an in Arabic, of Which One Copy Survived November 16, 1538Henry VIII Establishes Pre-Publication Censorship in England 1542
 Robert Estienne, 16th Century Parisian scholar and printer, issued the first book-form publisher's catalog of which any copies survive in 1542.
Robert Estienne Issues the First Surviving Publisher's Catalogue in Book…
1542 – 1543Theodore Bibliander & Johannes Oporinus Issue the First Printed Edition of the Latin Translation of the Qur'an June 1543
 The title page of Andreas Versalius' 'De humani corporis fabrica libri septem,' published in 1543, was a revolutionary work of unmatched scientific and artistic precision.  (View Larger)
Andreas Vesalius Produces a Unprecedented Blend of Scientific Exposition,…
June 1543Simultaneously with the "Fabrica" Vesalius Issues a Condensation, or Road-Map, of the Encyclopedic Work Circa 1550The "Wide" Distribution of "Popular" Broadsides and Pamphlets by the Mid-16th Century 1556
Engraved portrait of Hernan Cortes by W. Holl and published by Charles Knight.
Brother Juan Diaz Publishes the First Treatise on Mathematics Published in the Western Hemisphere and the First Textbook on Any Subject Besides Religion Printed Outside of Europe
1560Jean Cousin the Elder Issues "Livre de perspective" 1562Conrad Gessner Issues the First Bio-Bibliography: a Study of Galen's Writings 1564Georg Willer Issues the First Catalogue of the Frankfurt Book Fair 1568Benevenuto Cellini Describes Renaissance Artistic Techniques 1569 – 1570Perrissin & Tortorel Issue the First Extended Series of Prints Attempting to Depict Great Events of the Recent Past 1577Eliezer ben Isaac Ashkenazi Issues the First Book Printed in the Middle East June 23, 1586The Star Chamber Court Consolidates and Amplifies the Regulation of Printing in England 1591 – 1600François Viète Issues the Earliest Work on Symbolic Algebra; A Tale of Two Printings 1600About 350,000 Separate Titles Were Printed by 1600 1600 – 1700English Book Owners in the 17th Century. A Work in Progress Listing by David Pearson 1605Johan Carolus's "Relation," the First Printed European Newspaper 1608Hieronymus Hornschuch Issues the First Editor's and Printer's Manual 1609Erasable Paper from 1609 May 20, 1609Thomas Thorpe Issues the First Edition of Shakespeare's Sonnets 1617Minsheu's "Ductor in Linguas," The First Book Sold by Subscription and the First Book to Include a List of Subscribers June 1618"Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c.," the First Newspaper Published in Broadsheet Form 1621"Corante. . . ," the First Printed News Sheet or Newspaper Published in English 1621Robert Burton Publishes a Classic on Depression May 23, 1622"News from Most Parts of Christendom," Forerunner of the Printed English Newspaper 1623Preface to the First Folio Edition of Shakespeare’s Plays by Henrie Condell and Iohn Heminge 1624"Certain News of the Present Week," the First Regularly Printed English Newspaper, Begins Publication 1628
Detail from plate 1 of Exercitatio anatomica de motu cordis et sanguinis in animalibus.  Please click on link below to view and resize entire image.
William Harvey Publishes His Discovery and Experimental Proof of the Circulation of the Blood
May 30, 1631Théophraste Renaudot Issues "La Gazette", the First French Weekly Magazine August 23, 1633 – June 10, 1641
Théophraste Renaudot
Théophraste Renaudot's Conferences Predate the Royal Society
July 11, 1637A Decree of the Star Chamber Concerning Printing July 11, 1637 1640Abolition of the Star Chamber Court Stimulates Publishing 1643Comandatore Geronimo Marulli Issues the First Book Printed on Malta June 16, 1643The British Government Attempts to Re-Establish Censorship 1644John Milton Issues Aereopagitica: "For Books are Not Absolutely Dead Things; but Doe Contain a Potencie of Life . . . ." 1661 – 1663John Eliot Issues First Complete Bible Published in the Western Hemisphere 1664The Earliest Bibliography of Bibliographies January 5, 1665Journal des sçavans: The First Scientific Journal Begins Publication March 6, 1665The Oldest Continuous Journal of an Academy of Science Begins Publication 1681The First Scientific Book Written by a Native Latin American to be Published in the Western Hemisphere 1683 – 1684Joseph Moxon Issues the First Comprehensive Printing Manual 1684 – 1718The First Book Review Journal: an Early Long-Distance Intellectual Community and Social Network 1685 – 1706Locke's Method of Indexing Commonplace Books 1687 – 1690The First Reading Primer Designed for the American Colonies September 25, 1690"Publick Occurrences, Both Foreign and Domestic," the First Newspaper Published in North America, Suppressed after a Single Issue 1695The End of Pre-Publication Censorship Stimulates Newspapers and Other Publishing 1698Baroque Anatomy and Plagiarism (?) March 11, 1702"Daily Courant," England's First Daily Newspaper Begins Publication 1704 – 1710John Harris Issues the First English Encyclopedia Arranged in Alphabetical Order April 24, 1704"Boston News-Letter," the First "Successful" Newspaper in North America 1709The Statute of Anne: The First Copyright Statute 1716Johann Conrad Zeitner Describes Famous Proofreaders and Press Correctors 1727Sultan Ahmet III Permits Printing of Secular Topics in Istanbul While Protecting its More than 4000 Scribes 1729 – 1747Mark Catesby Publishes the First Natural History of North American Flora and Fauna January 1731Edward Cave Founds "The Gentleman's Magazine," the First General-Interest Periodical and the First to Use the Word "Magazine" to Indicate a Storehouse of Knowledge 1737 – 1738Thomas Osborne Issues "The British Librarian", the First Periodical Published in English on Rare Books & Manuscripts January 1741"American Magazine" & "The General Magazine," the First Magazines Published in North America: Both Very Short-Lived April 1744 – May 1746Eliza Haywood's "The Female Spectator", the First Periodical Written for Women by a Woman June 18, 1744John Newberry Issues the First Printed Book Specifically for the Amusement of Children: No Copies of the First Edition Survive 1747Hannah Glasse's "The art of Cookery", Probably the Most-Widely Read English Cookery Book of the 18th Century 1749 – 1814"Descriptions des Arts et Métiers": Mechanical and Industrial Arts of 18th Century France 1751 – 1780Diderot & d'Alembert's Encyclopédie, the Central Enterprise of the French Enlightenment May 5, 1757A Typographic Masterpiece, John Baskerville's First Book & the First Book Printed Partially on Wove Paper 1759Voltaire Issues "Candide, ou l'Optimism" Anonymously and Secretively December 1768 – 1771Encyclopaedia Britannica Begins 1769 – 1794The French Book Trade in Enlightenment Europe 1773 – 1782The Siku Quanshu: Probably the Most Ambitious Editorial Enterprise before the Wikipedia 1778
Detail from cover of Chemische Annalen für die Freunde der Naturlehre, Arzneygelahrtheit, Haushaltungskunst und Manufacturen.  Please click on the link below to view and resize the full image.
Lorenz von Crell Begins Publication of "Chemische Annalen", the First Chemistry Journal
Circa 1782Léonard Defrance Creates Panel Paintings of the Operations of a French Enlightenment Printing Shop 1782Charles-Joseph Panckoucke Issues the Prospectus for a Monumental European Encyclopedia 1782 – 1832An Encyclopedia in 206 Thick Volumes but No Comprehensive Index! 1785Origin of "The Times" of London January 24, 1791Jeremy Belknap Founds the First Historical Society in the United States 1793The "First Printer of National Liberty" Issues the Printing Manual for the French Revolution 1793 – 1794The Metric System is Promulgated 1799 – 1827Pierre-Simon Laplace Issues "Traité de méchanique céleste" 1800Phasing Out Latin as the International Language 1801Karl Friedrich Gauss, the Prince of Mathematicians, Issues Disquisitiones arithmeticae 1802George Howe Issues the First Book Printed in Australia March 5, 1803George Howe Begins Publication of the "Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser", the First Newspaper in Australia April 1803 – March 1804The First World Atlas Printed by Muslims January 10, 1806The First Illustration is Printed in "The Times" of London 1813John William Lewin Issues the First Illustrated Book Published in Australia 1815The First Literary Magazine is Published in the United States 1817The First Book is Printed in Persia (Iran) 1818Cornelius Van Winkle Issues the First American Printer's Manual 1821 – 1825The Earliest Publisher's Cloth Bindings, Issued by William Pickering December 1822The First Indigenous Arabic Press in Egypt 1823William Clowes Introduces High Speed Printing in Book Production 1825 – 1842The English Church Missionary Society Establishes a Press in Malta to Print Books in Arabic & Turkish Circa 1825Roughly 600 Books Year are Produced in the U.K. November 7, 1825"Diario de Pernambuco", The First Newspaper Published in South America 1828The First "Livre d'Artiste," Illustrated by Delacroix 1829The Braille System of Printing and Reading for the Blind 1831Writer & Publisher Charles Knight Explains How Mechanized Printing Delivers Information Faster & at Costs Affordable to All 1832Yisrael & Nissan Bak Operate the First Press in Palestine Since About 1577 1832 – 1835Babbage's "On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures" Begins Operations Research 1832 – 1833Janos Bolyai Independently Invents Non-Euclidean Geometry 1832 – 1845Exploiting the New Technology of Mechanized Printing, Charles Knight Publishes "The Penny Magazine," Britain's First Low Priced Mass-Circulation Magazine 1832The Earliest Known Printed Dust Jacket (Now Lost) January 1832 – 1833John Murray's "The Works of Lord Byron", the First Gilt-Stamped Cloth Edition Bindings 1835The First Complete Printed Edition in Arabic of the Thousand and One Nights 1837 – 1871Sir Thomas Phillipps, the Greatest Private Collector of Manuscripts in the 19th Century, and Maybe Ever 1838 – 1845Charles Knight Invents "Illuminated Printing" & Offers Printed Color Plates at a Low Price for the Mass Market October 1841 – October 25, 1845The Invention of Anastatic Printing Enables Inexpensive Facsimiles and Pirated Editions May 14, 1842"The Illustrated London News", the First Fully Illustrated Weekly Newspaper, Begins Publication December 17, 1842"Family Herald", The First Periodical Typeset, Printed and Bound Entirely by Machine, Begins Publication May 1, 1843The First Commercial Christmas Card October 1843 – 1853The First Book Illustrated with Photographs October 1, 1843"The News of the World", a Newspaper for the Newly Literate Working Classes, Begins Publication June 1844 – April 1846The First Photographically Illustrated Book Commercially Published. 1846The First Periodical Issued With a Mounted Paper Photograph November 1, 1848The Railroad also Becomes an Information Distribution Network November 3, 1849"Notes and Queries", An Early Newsgroup, Begins Publication 1850 – 1937Incunabula of the Zulu Language, and a Zulu Beadwork Love Letter September 18, 1851 – 1857Henry Jarvis Raymond & George Jones Found "The New York Times" December 22, 1855The "Illustrated London News" Christmas Supplement, the First Newspaper Printed in Color 1857Richard Chenevix Trench Describes the Need for What Would Become the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) 1859 – 1861"Mrs. Beeton's Book of Household Management": One of the Major Publishing Successes of the 19th Century November 24, 1859
The title page of On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin's "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection"
1863The Largest Dictionary in Book Form 1866Osman Zeki Bey Becomes the First Printer Authorized to the Print the Qur'an in Constantinople 1873Forest and Stream Magazine Promotes Conservation 1875Shepardizing: A Legal Citation System June 30, 1875The "New York Tribune" Publishes the First Significant Series of Illustrations in a Daily Newspaper 1882 – 18843,500,000 Quotations on Individual Slips of Paper February 1, 1884 – April 19, 1928The O E D Finally Begins Publication July 3, 1886The "New York Daily Tribune" Publishes the First Application of the Linotype September 9, 1886The Berne Convention 1887 – 1889Appleton Publishes Imaginary Historical Biographies 1887"The Tribune Book of Open-Air Sports", the First Book Typeset by Linotype 1892 – 1900The Earliest Miniature Printed Editions of the Qur'an 1894The First Illustrated Song: Precursor of the Music Video 1896Northcliff Founds the Daily Mail; Circulation Soon Reaches 1,000,000 February 1898The Cumulative Book Index November 4, 1899The Last Great Original Work in Science to be Published First as a Monograph Rather than in a Scientific Journal 1901The Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature 1901"Berliner Illustrirte Zeitung", the First Photographically Illustrated News Magazine 1907The Photomicrographic Book 1907 – 1930Curtis's The North American Indian 1910 – 1913Russell & Whitehead's "Principia Mathematica" 1914The Audit Bureau of Circulation, the First Circulation Auditing Organization, is Founded April 23, 1916The Proclamation of the Irish Republic 1922The Largest Paid Circulation Print Magazine in the World 1925A Massive Central Library on Microform for Printing on Demand 1925 – 1927Blue-Print for The Third Reich March 1928The First Television Magazine Begins Publication in London 1930 – 1931Bob Brown: Visionary of New Reading Machines and Changes in the Process of Reading 1931The First "Talking-Books" January 26, 1934Bradford's Law July 30, 1935Allen Lane & Penguin Books Invent the Mass-Market Paperback 1937"Trees to Tribune": Film on the Production of the Chicago Tribune Newspaper May 6 – May 16, 1940
Detail of cover of catalogue for An Exhibition of Printing at the Fitzwilliam Museum.  Please click to view entire cover of catalogue.
The Fitzwilliam Museum Exhibition of Printing: Precursor to "Printing and the Mind of Man"
1943 – 1960MTAC: The First Computing Journal 1945"From Script to Print. An Introduction to Medieval Literature" 1948The "Survivor's Talmud" is Published by the U.S. Army 1950 – 1951Wilkes,Wheeler & Gill: the First Treatise on Software for an Operational Stored-Program Computer 195011,638 New Books Are Published in the U.K. 1950After 1954 More News Was Distributed Electronically than on Paper 1950"Newspaper Story": a Film About Newspaper Production October 1952The First Journal on Electronic Computing 1953 – November 2011Ray Bradbury's Early Dystopian View of Books: "Fahrenheit 451" March 9, 1953"Once the government can demand of a publisher the names of the purchasers of his publications, the free press as we know it disappears." 1957J. W. Ellison Issues the First Computerized Concordance of the Bible 1962Computers Drive Linotype Hot Metal Typesetters 1962Fritz Machlup Introduces the Concept of "The Information Economy" 1963Compugraphic Develops the First General Typesetting Computers July 16 – July 27, 1963
Detail of cover of Printing and the Mind of Man.  Please click to see entire image.
The Printing and the Mind of Man Exhibition
1964The First Computerized Encyclopedia 1964Science Citation Index 1964Marshall McLuhan's "The Medium is the Message" May 1964720 Million Copies Printed and Distributed in Under Four Years July 1965
Detail of cover of the July 1965 issue of Fortune.  Please click to see entire image.
Walter Allner Designs the First Magazine Cover Using Computer Graphics
1968 – 1981NUC: The Largest Printed Bibliography, Complete in 754 Folio Volumes 1968Andries van Dam Develops Probably the First Hypertext System Used in Education 1968Stewart Brand Issues "The Whole Earth Catalog": Google and Blogging before the Internet 196932,393 New Books Are Published in the U.K. 1969Houghton Mifflin Issues the First Dictionary Based on Corpus Linguistics 1973The First Electronic Pagination System, Forerunner of Email and Instant Messaging 1974Ted Nelson Publishes a Manifesto of the Microcomputer Revolution 1974 – 1980Publication of Roberto Busa's Index Thomisticus: Forty Years of Data Processing 1975Byte Magazine, One of the First Personal Computer Magazines, Begins Publication 1975 – 1989Origins & Early Development of PostScript and Scalable Digital Type Fonts at Xerox PARC and Adobe Systems 1975Books on Tape is Founded 1975Barnes & Noble Becomes the First American Bookseller to Discount New Books January 1976The First Journal on Software for Personal Computers 1977 – 1979TEX and Metafont 1979The Printing Press as an Agent of Change 1980Nexis is Introduced 1981"Computer Gaming World," the First Magazine on Computer Games 1983 – 1989Keyboarding over 350,000,000 Characters 1983The Declining Role of Print in Total Information Flow January 3, 1983 – January 3, 2013Time Magazine's 1983 "Machine of the Year" is a Personal Computer 1984The First Desktop Publishing Program 1984 – 1986The Digital Domesday Project--Doomed to Early Digital Obsolescence 19842600: The Hacker Quarterly June 1984Perhaps the first Underground "Ezine" 1985Probably the First Electronic Encyclopedia January 1985The First Laserprinter for a Microcomputer July 1985 – 1986Aldus PageMaker: The First Widely-Used Desktop Publishing Program 1986The First Hand-Held Electronic Book, or e-Book 1986Influential on the Development of Cyberpunk 1987 – 1990The First Hypertext Fiction: "Afternoon, a story" 1988 – 2000Boing-Boing Begins as a Print Magazine 1990The American Memory Project 1990DynaText, an Electronic Publishing Tool 1991Introduction of the PDF 1991TrueType Fonts 1992Pioneering Collaboration of Electronic Librarianship, Journalism and Telecommunications 1993The Web's First and Longest Continuously Running Blog March 1993Wired 1.01 May 1993The First Commercial Website with the First Online Advertising 1994Daily Audited Circulation Greater Than Ten Million Printed Copies January 1995The Bureau of Labor Statistics Begins Publishing on its Website March 1995Craigslist Initiates Free Online Classified Advertisements March 25, 1995The First Wiki June 1995HighWire Press: Internet-Based Scholarly Publishing July 1995D-Lib Magazine Begins 1996968,735 New Different Printed Books Are Produced This Year 1996The World's Smallest Book, in 1996 January 1996An Online Textbook of Cyberpsychology is Published January 19, 1996NYTimes.com Initiates Online Publication April 1996 – 2003The First Full-Time Online Webcam Girl 1998The Last Printed Edition of Beilstein is Published 1998700,000 New Book Titles Are Published in 1998 199964,711 New Books on Paper are Published in the U.S. 1999Early English Books Online 1999"Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe" (LOCKSS): a Digital Information Preservation System for Libraries and Publishers 1999Foundation of Designboom 2000
Third generation Amazon Kindle, showing text from the eBook version of the novel Moby Dick
3,200,000 Books Are In Print in the U.S.
2000Stephen King's "Experiment in Alternate Forms of Distribution" March 9, 2000 – September 2003
The Bomis.com logo
Predecessor of the Wikipedia: "One of the Greatest Defunct Websites in History"
March 14, 2000
An old interface of the Oxford Dictionary Online where users could subscribe to the online dictionary
OED Online
March 14, 2000 – 2010The First Mass-Market E-Book + A Video Interview June 5, 2000 – March 2009eBook Distributor is Acquired by Barnes & Noble January 15, 2001
The Wikipedia logo
The Wikipedia Begins
May 3, 2001
The logo for the Women's National Book Association 
Somewhat Accelerated Prediction of the Future of eBooks
December 2001
The Rhapsody logo
Rhapsody is Launched
Author Hao Qun, known by the pen name Murong Xuecun
Working Around Chinese Censorship of Literary Works
The codex form of a Japanese cell phone novel.
The First Cell Phone Novel
2003859,000 New Book Titles Are Published Worldwide in 2003 January 2003Regulations.gov is Launched May 2003 – May 2009
Grand Text Auto logo
"Grand Text Auto" A Group Blog
December 2003
Michael Hawley
The World's Largest Book --Spectacularly Beautiful
20041,200,000 Unique Book Titles are Sold 2004 – 2014How Employment in Bookselling and Newspaper and Magazine Publishing in the U.S. Declined Since the "Great Recession" 2004
Robert (Bob) Stein
The Institute for the Future of the Book
July 6, 2004
An issue of the Journal of Cell Biology
Image Manipulation in Scientific Publications
September 22, 2004
Bram Cohen
BitTorrent is Commercialized
November 2004
The Pew Internet and American Life Project logo
8,000,000 U.S. Blogs
Richard Louv
"Last Child in the Woods" : Exploration of Nature Versus Exposure to Media in Childhood
August 4 – August 8, 2005
The Wikimedia logo
Wikimania!: The First International Wikimedia Conference Takes Place
October 2005Google Print Morphs in Two October 5, 2005
J.K. Rowling
300,000,000 Printed Copies of Harry Potter
November 9, 2005
Mitchell Kapor
Massively Distributed Collaboration
December 2005
The Google Books logo
Google Books
December 14, 2005
A cover of the journal Nature
The Wikipedia is Rated Nearly as Accurate as Encyclopedia Brittanica
2006 – January 19, 2012
The Springer logo
Springer Published 50,000 eBooks
January 22, 2006File-Sharing Exceeds Sales of Digital Music Downloads January 28, 2006
The iTunes U logo
College-Level Lectures Via Podcasts
February 22, 2006
Steve Jobs speaking about the one billionth iTunes download
Over One Billion iTunes Downloads
April 2006
The Espresso Book Machine
The Espresso "On Demand" Book Machine
April 23, 2006The Biggest Music Retailer in the World: Apple's iTune Store July 13, 2006 – September 30, 2010
The Rice University Press logo
Reborn Digital: The First Fully Digital University Press: A 3 Year Experiment in the United States
Circa September – October 2006
The Sony Reader PRS-500
The Sony Reader PRS-500 is Introduced
September 14, 2006Nature Announces Peer to Peer Review September 26, 2006
The IBM logo
Publishing Patent Filings on the Web
November 20, 2006
Terry T. Semel, left, the Chief of Yahoo at the time. Dean Singleton, right, the chief of MediaNews.
Newspaper Advertising in Partnership with Yahoo
Circa December 2006U.S. Publishers Sell 3.1 Billion Books December 2006
Julian Assange
"An Uncensorable System for Mass Document Leaking"
December 5, 2006
The Reuters logo
Yahoo and Reuters Found "YouWitnessNews"
December 16, 2006
The cover of Time Magazine when the magazine named
Journalistic Acknowledgment of the Significance of Social Networking on the Internet
December 31, 2006
Julian Assange
Wikileaks Manifesto
The cover art of Preserving Digital Information by Henry M. Gladney
A Printed Book on Preserving Digital Information
The Gutenberg Bible
More than 4.7 Billion Bibles Were Been Printed Between 1455 and 2007
2007No More than 10,000,000 Unique Editions before 1900 2007
The Book Industry Study Group logo
Sales of Books in America in 2007
Robert Darnton
976,000 New Book Titles Published in 2007
January 1, 2007
Post- och Inrikes Tidningarno.15, 9 April 1645
The Oldest Continuously Published Newspaper Moves to the Web
February 2007
The Pew Internet and American Life Project logo
In 2007 There Were 12,000,000 U.S. Blogs
November 2007
A cover of Watchtower
28,578,000 Copies Printed Semi-Monthly
November 5, 2007 – 2008
Anthony Grafton
Anthony Grafton's "Codex in Crisis"
November 19, 2007
The Amazon logo
The Amazon Kindle is Introduced
November 19, 2007Kindle Direct Publishing Introduced June 2008Encyclopedia Brittanica Will Include Wiki-Style Collaboration September 2008Craiglist Becomes the Leading Classified Advertising Service Worldwide September 30, 2008Viewing the Illustrations of a Journal Article in Three Dimensions October 2008 – March 2012The Largest Atlas Ever Published as a Printed Book October 2008 – March 2012Creation of the HathiTrust Digital Library October 27, 2008An Encyclopedia with More than Ten Million Articles October 28, 2008The First National Newspaper to Shift From a Daily Print Format to an Online Publication October 28, 2008Authors, Publishers and Google Reach "Landmark Settlement" November 4, 2008An Election Reported Interactively in Real Time November 19, 2008PC Magazine Becomes an Online-Only Publication November 25, 2008Downloads Trump CDs December 2, 2008Over 5,000,000 Articles Posted on the HighWire Press e-Publishing Platform. December 2, 2008Probably the Most Expensive Single Volume Printed Edition Ever Published 2009"Readability" is Launched January 6, 2009Apple Eliminates Anticopying Restrictions from iTunes February 2009BitTorrent was Responsible for 27-55% of All Internet Traffic February 12, 2009"Google and the Future of Books" May 5, 2009Increasing Sales of Digital Books (eBooks) May 6, 2009Larger Version of the Amazon Kindle Introduced May 21, 2009Changing the Advertising Model for General News Reporting May 31, 2009Google Will Sell eBooks July 16, 2009Amazon Sends Orwell eBooks Down the "Memory Hole" July 22, 2009USA Today Adds eBook Sales to its Bestsellers List August 2009The Overlap of Innovation and Tradition in the 15th Century Media Revolution September 14, 2009Darnton's Case for Books: Past, Present and Future October 2009The First Historical Thesaurus in Any Language October 3, 2009Google CEO Eric Schmidt On Newspapers & Journalism October 7, 2009eBook Sales Represent 1.6% of Book Sales October 9, 2009" A Library to Last Forever" ?? December 8, 2009The Google Living Stories Project Begins December 23, 2009The Amazon Kindle is Hacked; eBook Digital Rights Management Cracked December 27, 2009eBooks Begin to Outsell Physical Books; 1.49 Million Kindles Sold? January 2010Biological Journals to Require Data-Archiving February 2010"Assessing the Future Landscape of Scholarly Communication. . . " February 22, 2010Modifiable eBook Editions of Textbooks March 2010The Sociology of Wikipedians April 5, 2010Probably the First Fully Visually Satisfying Interactive eBook April 7, 2010U.S. Book Sales in 2009: $23.9 Billion April 12, 2010The First Pulitizer Prizes for Internet Journalism May 6, 2010General Statistics on the U.S. Book Publishing Industry June 2010Social Networking Added to Reading Electronic Books July 2010Flipboard, "Your Personalized, Social Magazine" July 19, 2010For the First Time E-books Outsell Digital Books on Amazon.com July 26, 2010The First Traditional Humanities Journal to Try "Open" Peer Review July 29, 2010Wikileaks Installs an "Insurance File" August 5, 2010Google Calculates That There are "129,864,880" Different Books in the World September 8, 2010eBook Edition Released Prior to Hardcover Edition October 14, 2010 – April 2013Google Books Scanned More than 15 Million Books in 6 Years and More than 30 Million in 9 Years November 9, 2010Towards a New Digital Legal Information Environment December 6, 2010The Google eBookstore Opens December 9, 2010Bestsellers on eBook Readers: Romance Novels December 11, 2010U.S. E-Book Sales are Predicted to Reach $1,000,000,000 in 2010 December 13, 2010The Digital Public Library of America December 16, 2010An Interactive Pop-Up Children's Book App for the iPhone & iPad December 23, 2010eBooks Represent 9-10% of Trade-Book Sales December 27, 2010Founder of Wikileaks to Publish his Autobiography 2011Post-Review Process Rather than Pre-Review Process in Publishing? January 2011The First Independently Published Magazine Exclusively for the iPad January 15, 2011The Wikipedia Celebrates its Tenth Anniversary January 28, 2011Publishing Non-Fiction Exclusively for Cell Phones, eBook Readers and Tablet Computers February 11, 2011The New York Times Begins Ranking eBook Best Sellers February 25, 2011The Second Best-Selling Book in America Priced Like an App (99 Cents) March 2011The Environmental Impacts of eBooks and eBook Readers March 2, 2011In its First Year Apple's iBookstore Sold 100,000,000 Books April 2011A Program for Signing and Inscribing Ebooks April 20, 2011Amazon to Launch Library Lending for eBooks on the Kindle Platform May 2011The Saint John's Bible is Completed May 9, 2011The First Major Print Magazine Publisher to Offer iPad Subscriptions May 18, 2011"Print isn't dead, says Bowker's Annual Book Production Report May 19, 2011Ebooks Outsell Physical Books on Amazon.com June 6, 2011College Textbooks Make a Slower Transition from Print to Digital July 2011South Korea to Shift All Primary and High School Textbooks to Digital by 2015 July 7 – July 17, 2011Leading British Tabloid Closed Because of Cell Phone Hacking Scandal August 2011Consumer Reports Begins Generating More Revenue from Digital Subscriptions than from Print August 1, 2011Non-Traditional Book Publishing on the Internet is 8X the Output of Traditional Book Publishing August 18, 2011Interactive Reading and Spelling on the iPad September 6, 2011Michael Hart, Father of eBooks & Founder of Project Gutenberg, Dies September 28 – November 14, 2011Amazon Introduces the Kindle Fire October 5, 2011Steve Jobs Dies October 18, 2011What Would an Infinite Digital Bookcase Look Like? November 20, 2011Digital Books Represent 25% of Sales of Some Categories of Books but Less than 5% of Childrens' Books November 23, 2011Rapid Growth of the Digital Textbook Market in the U.S. November 30, 2011Signalling the Shift from Print to Digital and to More Accurate Metrics of the Effectiveness of Advertising December 2011Amazon.com Sold More Than 4 Million Kindles in December 2011 December 1, 2011Statistics on European and U.S. eBook Sales January 201242,182,000 Copies Printed Semi-Monthly in 194 Languages January 5, 2012Sales of eBook Readers in 2011 January 19, 2012Apple Introduces iBooks 2, iBooks Author, and iTunes U February 8, 2012Creative Destruction of the Book Trade by Amazon? March 14, 2012The Encyclopedia Britannica Ends Print Publication April 12, 2012U.S. Justice Department Sues Major Publishers Over the Pricing of eBooks; Amazon Wins April 16, 2012The First Pulitzer Prize Awarded to an Internet-Only Publication April 18, 2012"Companies that have existed for centuries could be gone in a generation unless they make a single radical change." April 30, 2012Microsoft Invests in Barnes & Noble's Nook eBook Reader Division May 7, 2012The First Annual Report Issued by a Museum in an eBook Format May 12, 2012How eBooks Are Changing Fiction Writing and Publishing May 29, 2012Growing Adoption of the eBook Format in the U. S. October 29, 2012Penguin to Merge with Random House November 5, 2012eBooks Accounted for 22% of All Book Spending in Second Quarter of 2012 November 19, 2012Penguin Books Introduces a New eBook Lending Program November 20, 2012The CEO of Barnes & Noble No Longer Reads Physical Books December 17, 2012eBook Reading Jumps; Print Book Reading Declines 2013
Possibly the worlds smallest book: Shiki no Kusabana (Flowers of Seasons).
The 2013 Contender for the World's Smallest Printed Book
January 20, 2013Online Reviews Used as Attack Weapons to Kill Sales of a Book February 14, 2013Selling Off Print Media to Allow Fast-Growing Film & Television Assets to Grow Unencumbered by Legacy Print Businesses March 13, 2013Time Warner Spins off its Print Media Division, Time Inc. March 28, 2013eBooks Represented 22.55% of U.S. New Book Sales in 2012 May 2013Flash Marketing of E-Books May 15, 2013E-Books Account for About 20% of Trade Book Sales July 5, 2013Amazon Sells More than 25% of New Books in the U.S. July 10, 2013Apple Illegally Conspired to With Publishers to Try to Raise the Prices of eBooks August 5, 2013Bezos Purchases the Washington Post October 27, 2013The Market for Very Young Children's Books Has Grown, Partly in Reaction to eBooks October 29, 2013Amazon Launches the Kindle MatchBook Service November 14, 2013Judge Rules that Google Books Does Not Infringe Copyright December 2013Mainstream Publisher Simon & Schuster Launches Erotica Social Media Site to Promote Books December 24, 2013"As New Services Track Habits, the E-Books are Reading You" January 4, 2014Trends in Reading, Book Reviewing, Publishing and Writing as of the Beginning of 2014 January 31, 2014The New York Times Hires a Chief Data Scientist February 17, 2014"Cheap Words. Amazon is good for consumers but is it good for books?" February 20, 2014Publishing the Wikipedia in 1000 Physical Volumes?? March 2, 2014In a Turnabout, A Digital Publisher Plans to Put Newsweek Magazine Back in Print April 1, 2014Digital Humanities Quarterly to Publish Articles as Sets of Visualizations Rather than Articles in Verbal Form April 12, 2014How the Large-Scale British Printing Industry is Adapting to the Digital Age April 20, 2014 – 2034The OED is Predicted to Disappear from Print May 8, 2014Amazon May Control "More than a Third" of the U.S. Book Trade July 29, 2014Amazon States its Economic Position on the Sale of E-Books in the "Amazon/Hachette Business Interruption" July 30, 2014As E-Books Gain Market Share Traditional Roles of Publisher and Bookseller Change August 10, 2014Media Companies Spin Off Newspapers to Create Stand-Alone "Print Companies" August 14, 2014What Would George Orwell Think About the Amazon versus Hachette Dispute? August 18, 2014Putting the Footnotes in a Physical Book on the Author's Website September 29, 2014"The Hidden Cost of E-Books at University Libraries" December 10, 2014eBooks May Track Reading Habits August 6, 2015The New York Times Has Over One Million Paid Digital Subscribers December 6, 2016The Influence of Social Media on the English-language Web has Surpassed that of Established Media Platforms