4406 entries. 94 themes. Last updated December 26, 2016.

Timeline Outline ViewEra: 1550 - 1600   |   Theme: Book History


Circa 1550The "Wide" Distribution of "Popular" Broadsides and Pamphlets by the Mid-16th Century 1552
A page of the Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis, an Aztec herbal composed in 1552 by Martin de la Cruz and translated into Latin by Juan Badianus, illustrating the tlahcolteocacatl, tlayapaloni, axocotl, and chicomacatl plants, which were used to make a
Juan Badiana Translates Aztec Medical Botany & Psychoactive Plants from the Nahuati
Engraved portrait of Michael Servetus.
Michael Servetus: Medical Discovery, Heresy, and Martyrdom
Table of reciprocal alphabet from a 1555 book by Giovan Battista Bellaso.
Giovan Battista Bellaso Describes the First "Unbreakable" Text Autokey Cipher
1554The Spanish Inquistion Publishes its First List of Censored Works Circa 1555
Portrait of Prince-elector Otto Henry by Georg Pencz, 1530-1545. The painting now resides in St. Petersburg. 
Otto-Henry, Elector Palatine, Founds the Bibliotheca Palatina
Engraved portrait of Hernan Cortes by W. Holl and published by Charles Knight.
Brother Juan Diaz Publishes the First Treatise on Mathematics Published in the Western Hemisphere and the First Textbook on Any Subject Besides Religion Printed Outside of Europe
1556Juan Valverde de Amusco Issues the First Great Original Spanish Medical Book, Illustrated and Printed in Rome 1557Robert Granjon Issues the First Book Printed in Civilité Types 1557
Engraved portrait of Hubert Golzius by Simon Frisius c. 1610.
Hubert Goltzius Issues the First Book Extensively Illustrated with Chiaroscuro Woodcuts
May 4, 1557Queen Mary & King Philip Concentrate the Entire Printing Business in the Members of the Stationers Company 1558
A portrait of Albreccht V, Duke of Bavaria by Hans Mielich, 16th century.
Albert V, Duke of Bavaria, Founds the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
1559The Sacred Congregation of the Inquisition Begins Publication of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum 1559Who Discovered the Pulmonary Circulation? Servetus, Valverde or Columbo? 1560Jean Cousin the Elder Issues "Livre de perspective" 1561Valerius Cordus Makes the Earliest Effort to Systematize Botanical Description and Discovers Sulfuric Ether July 2, 1561 – April 10, 1563Gaspar de Leão Issues the Earliest Surviving Books Printed in India from Movable Type July 12, 1562Bishop Diego de Landa Orders Destruction of the Maya Codices 1563Bartholomeo Eustachi Discovers the Eustachian Tubes and Many Other Anatomical Features 1563In an Expose of the Witchcraft Delusion Johann Weyer Presents One of the First Scientific Approaches to the Study of Mental Illness September 10, 1563Charles IX Forbids Any French Printer from Printing Without Permission, Under Penalty of Being Hanged or Strangled 1564Georg Willer Issues the First Catalogue of the Frankfurt Book Fair 1564Ivan Fedorov Issues the First Dated Book Printed in Russia 1565Samuel Quiccheberg Publishes the First Treatise on Museums 1566Giuseppe Arcimboldo Paints a Surrealist Portrait of the Librarian 1567Bishop Séon Carsuel Translates the Book of Common Prayer into Gaelic 1567Christophe Plantin Publishes the Earliest Description of the Printing Process 1568Jost Amman's Images of Trades and Technologies, with Descriptions in Verse 1568Benevenuto Cellini Describes Renaissance Artistic Techniques 1569 – 1570Perrissin & Tortorel Issue the First Extended Series of Prints Attempting to Depict Great Events of the Recent Past 1570Francisco Bravo Issues the First Medical Book Printed in the Western Hemisphere with the Earliest Illustrations of Plants Printed in the Western Hemisphere 1570Lord Mayor of London Henry Billingsley Issues One of the Earliest Pop-Up Books 1572Jeremias Martius Issues Possibly the First Printed Catalogue of Any Private Library 1572 – 1573Volcher Coiter: One of the First Physicians to Draw the Illustrations for his Own Publications, and Take Credit for Them in Print 1574Book Collector Matthew Parker Donates his Library 1575Hieronymous Wolf, Librarian to Johann Jakob Fugger, Issues the First Printed Catalogue of a Portion of a Public Library 1575 – 1578Discovering the Autograph Manuscript of William Bourne's Book on Military Inventions and Naval Tactics 1577Eliezer ben Isaac Ashkenazi Issues the First Book Printed in the Middle East 1579François Viète's Classic of Mathematics and Typography July 12, 1580 – August 12, 1581Ivan Fyodorov Issues First Complete Slavic Bible 1583 – 1584Michele Ruggieri Issues the First Book Written by a European in China and Printed in China 1584Ferdinando de Medici & Giovan Battista Raimundi Found the Medici Press 1584François Grudé de la Croix du Maine Issues the First French National Bibliography June 23, 1586The Star Chamber Court Consolidates and Amplifies the Regulation of Printing in England 1587 – 1592Agustín's Study of Ancient Coinage: Probably the Earliest Book with Illustrations by a Woman 1588Agostini Ramelli Describes a Renaissance Information Retrieval Device and Other Machines 1588 – 1631Sir Robert Bruce Cotton Forms One of the Most Important Private Collections of Manuscripts Ever Collected in England 1590Architect Domenico Fontana Describes Moving the Obelisk 1590Pascal Lecoq Issues the First Systematic Medical Bibliography 1591 – 1600François Viète Issues the Earliest Work on Symbolic Algebra; A Tale of Two Printings Circa 1591 – 1596The Only Manuscript Pages Thought to be in the Hand of William Shakespeare 1595Andrew Maunsell Issues the First "Books in Print" 1598Emperor Go-Yōzei Orders the Printing of the Analects of Confucius, the Oldest Surviving Work of Japanese Printing by Movable Type 1598
Detail of head of horse from page of the Dell'anotomia [sic], et dell'infirmita del cavallo.  Click on link below to view and resize full image.
Ottavio Ruini Issues the First Book Devoted Exclusively to the Structure of an Animal Other than Man
July 6, 1599Christophorus Guyot Issues the Earliest Surviving Catalogue of a Book Auction 1600 – 1700English Book Owners in the 17th Century. A Work in Progress Listing by David Pearson 1600About 350,000 Separate Titles Were Printed by 1600