4379 entries. 93 themes. Last updated January 29, 2015.

Timeline Outline ViewEra: 1750 - 1800   |   Theme: All Themes


Circa 1750Printing about 200 Sheets per Hour 1750The First Extensive Treatise on the Peruvian Knot-Based Counting Language, the Quipu 1751 – 1780The Central Enterprise of the French Enlightenment 1751 – 1828The First Significant Catalogue Raisonné in Western Art History, on Rembrandt's Prints 1753Linnaeus Develops Binomial Nomenclature for Plants January 11, 1753The British Museum is Founded 1754The First Significant Decipherment of an Ancient Script: Palmyrene May 9, 1754The First American Political Cartoon: "JOIN, or DIE." 1755Thomas Simpson Publishes the Earliest Formal Treatment of "Data-Processing" 1755"The First Treatise on Economics" by Richard Cantillon is Posthumously Published 1755Diderot on Information Overload, and the Encyclopedia as a Means of Organizing and Enhancing Associations in Knowledge 1756The Tallard Sale: A New Level of Connoisseurship in the Cataloguing of Works of Art 1757George II Donates the "Old Royal Library" May 5, 1757A Typographic Masterpiece, John Baskerville's First Book & the First Book Printed Partially on Wove Paper 1758Linnaeus Introduces Binomial Nomenclature for Animals 1758Barthélemy Deciphers the Phoenician Language 1759The British Museum Opens 1759Voltaire Issues "Candide, ou l'Optimism" Anonymously and Secretively 1759 – 1767Laurence Sterne's "Tristram Shandy": Philosophical and Comedic Digressions and Innovative Illustration Techniques October 6, 1759 – 1760The First Book Printed Entirely on Wove Paper Circa 1760 – 1780The Copiale Cipher is Decrypted: Initiation into a Secret Society of Oculists 1760John Mitchell Issues the First Scientific Explanation of Tsunamis April 21, 1760The First Contemporary Art Exhibition Was Accompanied by a Catalogue 1761Astronomer Jérôme Lefrançois de Lalande Writes the First Comprehensive Treatise on Papermaking 1761 – 1762Probably the First Color-Printed Illustrations in a Major Scientific Periodical 1761 – 1763Barthélemy Discovers the Relationship of Egyptian Hieroglypics to Phoenician and Greek 1763Bayes's Theorem for Calculating Inverse Probabilities 1763The First Separately Printed French Treatise on Bookbinding 1763 – 1782Bookseller Guillaume François de Bure Begins "Modern" Rare Book Cataloguing 1764Hargreaves Invents the Spinning Jenny 1764 – 1766Pierre-Simon Fournier Issues an Influential Manual of Types and Typefounding 1764William Caslon Issues the First Type Specimen Book from an English Type Foundry 1765Joseph Priestley Issues the First Biographical Timeline Chart January 30, 1765 – 1771"The Most Interesting and Rarest Work" on Papermaking 1766Computing the Nautical Almanac, Called the "Seaman's Bible" 1766Probably the Earlest Illustrated Medical Book Published in the American Colonies 1768 – 1774The Jacquet-Droz Automata 1768 – 1771Von Heineken Issues the First Systematic Guide to Collecting Prints, Blockbooks, and the Earliest Printed books December 1768 – 1771Encyclopaedia Britannica Begins 1769 – 1775Arkwright Patents his Spinning Machine 1769 – 1836Von Kempelen "Invents" the Chess-Playing Turk & Edgar Allan Poe Compares it to Babbage's Difference Engine No. 1 1769 – 1794The French Book Trade in Enlightenment Europe 1769 – 1770Joseph Priestley Issues the Most Influential Historical Timeline of the Eighteenth Century 1769 – 1774Inspiration for "Grangerizing," A Mania for Extra-Illustration 1769Graphic Representation of the Organization of the Encyclopédie 1770The Earliest Large-Scale Data-Processing Organization April 15, 1770Invention of the Rubber Eraser 1772Wilhelm Haas Builds Key Parts of the Handpress out of Iron 1772Joseph Priestley Discovers that Growing Plants Restore Air Vitiated by Combustion or Respiration 1773 – 1782Probably the Most Ambitious Editorial Enterprise before the Wikipedia 1774"Kaitai Shinsho" : The First Book on Western Medicine and Science Published in Japanese 1775Didot Revises Fournier's Point System for Typographic Units April 17, 1775The American Revolutionary War Begins 1776Adam Smith's Classic of "Laissez-Faire" July 4 – August 2, 1776
Detail of the Declaration of Independence of the United States.  Please click on link to view and resize entire image.
The Declaration of Independence
1777The Earliest Directory of the Book Trade? 1777Zimmerman Issues the First Textbook on Zoogeography 1777Lichtenberg Figures 1777 – 1787Mesmer & the Animal Magnetism Movement: An Archive November 15, 1777 – March 1, 1781The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union 1778
Detail from cover of Chemische Annalen für die Freunde der Naturlehre, Arzneygelahrtheit, Haushaltungskunst und Manufacturen.  Please click on the link below to view and resize the full image.
The First Chemistry Journal
1779Technology Leading to Disruptive Economic and Social Change 1779Ingen-Housz Discovers Photosynthesis 1779
Detail of plate from Gamelin's Nouveau recueil d'ostéologie et de myologie, dessin‚ d'après nature. . . pour l'utilit‚ des sciences et des arts..  Please click on link below to view and resize full image.
Jacques Gamelin Issues an Anatomy for Artists including Fantastical Elements
1780Jean-Étienne Guettard Issues the First National Geological Atlas Circa 1782Panel Paintings of the Operations of a French Enlightenment Printing Shop Depicted 1782Charles-Joseph Panckoucke Issues the Prospectus for a Monumental European Encyclopedia 1782 – 1832An Encyclopedia in 206 Thick Volumes but No Comprehensive Index! 1782Early Graphic Representation of Statistics 1783 – 1784Barthélemy Faujas de Saint-Fond Reports on the First Aerial Voyages 1783 – 1785Noah Webster Reforms the Teaching of English in the United States 1784 – 1785A "Paper Architect" Envisages In One Gigantic Reading Room the Entire "Memory of the World" 1784John Mitchell is the First to Study the Effect of Gravity on Light 1784Thomas Astle Issues the First English History of Paleography and Diplomatics 1784Abel Buell Issues the First Map of the United States Printed in the United States 1784The First Patent for Stereotyping 1784 – 1791Johann Gottfried von Herder, Enlightenment Precursor of Evolution by Natural Selection February 9, 1784 – 1805Mozart's Autograph Catalogue of His Own Compositions, and its First Printed Editions 1785Origin of "The Times" of London 1785William Withering Proves the Clinical Value of Digitalis 1785 – 1786William Playfair Founds Statistical Graphics, and Invents the Line Chart and Bar Chart 1785The Earliest Directory of the Book Trade in England Circa 1785Oliver Evans Builds the First Automated Flour Mill 1786Samuel Taylor Develops the First System of Shorthand Used Throughout the English Speaking World 1786Richard Payne Knight Records Early Archaeological Explorations of Ancient Fertility Rites February 2, 1786 – 1788William Jones Founds Comparative Linguistics 1787The First Catalogue of the British Museum Library is Published May 22, 1787 – 1807Foundation of the Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade September 17, 1787 – June 21, 1788
Detail from The Constitution of the United States. Please click on the link below to view and resize full image.
The Constitution of the United States
1788James Watt Invents the Centrifugal Governor 1788The Beginnings of Papyrology 1789 – 1792Christopher Colles Issues the First Road Atlas of the United States 1789Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, Martyr to Chemistry January 23 – July 14, 1789Bastille Day Occurs August 26 – August 27, 1789
Detail of Déclaration des droits de l'Homme et du citoyen by Jean-Jacques le Barbier.  Please click on link below to view and resize entire image.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
September 25, 1789 – December 15, 1791The Bill of Rights 1790Foundation of the Archives nationales de France 1790 – 1827The Early Development of the Mechanized Press as Conceptualized by Nicholson and Developed by Koenig as Others 1790 – 1802André-Charles Caillot Issues a Bibliographical Guide to Antiquarian Bookselling and Collecting, with a Pioneering Exposition on Rarity 1790Death by Printing Press in Stockholm April 10 – July 31, 1790George Washington Founds the U.S. Patent System August 2, 1790The First U.S. Census is Taken 1791Von Kempelen Builds the First Successful Speech Synthesizer 1791Earliest Precursor to the Dust Jacket? 1791The First National Code of Descriptive Cataloging--Early Use of Cards in Cataloging Books January 24, 1791Foundation of the First Historical Society in the United States February 18, 1791Thomas Jefferson Describes Printing as a Way to Preserve Information March 2, 1791The Optical Telegraph: Faster than a Messenger on Horseback September 27, 1791Jews Receive Full Citizenship in France December 5, 1791Alexander Hamilton Issues "The Magna Carta of Industrial America" Circa 1792 – 1819James Perkins Invents Steel Engraving 1793The First Free Public National Library 1793 – 1801Mathematical Tables Calculated by Hairdressers Unemployed after the French Revolution 1793 – 1794Proposal for a National Bibliography of France 1793The Printing Manual for the French Revolution, Issued by the "First Printer of National Liberty" 1793 – 1794The Metric System is Promulgated 1793Christian Konrad Sprengel Issues the Founding Work of Floral Ecology 1794Claude Chappe Develops the Chappe Telegraph, or Semaphore Telegraph 1794Discovery of Echolocation or Biosonar 1795Isaiah Thomas Prints the First American Book on Wove Paper 1795Invention of Modern Pencil Lead 1795Friedrich August Wolf Argues that the Poetry of Homer Shoud be Studied as a Product of Oral Tradition 1795 – 1809Discovery of the Method of Least Squares 1795The First Comprehensive Bibliography of Technology 1796Alois Senefelder Invents Lithography 1796Amerlia Simmons Writes the First American Cookbook Written by an American 1796Binny & Ronaldson Open the First American Type Foundry 1797Giovanni Battista Venturi Begins Scientific and Art Historical Studies on Leonardo da Vinci 1798 – 1801Frenchman Louis-Nicolas Robert Invents the First Papermaking Machine, but it is Developed in England 1798Suppression of Private Printing in Russia 1798 – 1799Probably the First Printing Presses in Africa since 1516 1798Malthus on Population 1798The First Official National Industrial Exposition Occurs 1798 – 1799The Introduction of Bleach in Paper Production 1799 – 1827Pierre-Simon Laplace Issues "Traité de méchanique céleste" Circa 1800By this State in the Industrial Revolution All Phases of Cloth Production Are Performed by Machines 1800Phasing Out Latin as the International Language Circa 1800Earl Stanhope Invents the First Completely Iron Printing Press Circa 1800 – 1820The Gradual Disappearance of the Long S in Typography 1800 – 1802The First Book Printed on Recycled Paper, with an Appendix Printed on Paper Made from Wood Pulp Circa 1800Maillardet's Automaton April 24, 1800The Origin of the Library of Congress