4511 entries. 93 themes. Last updated December 17, 2014.

Timeline Outline ViewEra: 1940 - 1950   |   Theme: All Themes


1940 Actress Hedy Lamarr Invents Spread-Sprectrum 1940 – 1941The Top-Secret Heath Robinson Cryptographic Computer 1940The First Process-Controlled Computer 1940NIMATRON: An Early Electromechanical Machine to Play the Game of Nim January 8, 1940Complex Number Calculator March 7, 1940The Rapid Arithmetical Machine Project April 1940Does Language Influence Thought? May 6 – May 16, 1940
Detail of cover of catalogue for An Exhibition of Printing at the Fitzwilliam Museum.  Please click to view entire cover of catalogue.
The Fitzwilliam Museum Exhibition of Printing: Precursor to "Printing and the Mind of Man"
May 25, 1940Sealing of the Crypt of Civilization June 22, 1940The Second Armistice at Compeigne forms the Vichy Government August 1940Design and Principles of the ABC Machine September 11, 1940The First Demonstration of Remote Computing September 23, 1940All the Features of an Electronic Digital Computer Except a Stored Program December 1940Mauchly Meets Atanasoff Circa December 1940An Improved Bombe 1941Converting Zuse's Logical Designs into Switching Circuits 1941A Typewriter with Proportional Spacing 1941Borges' Universe as a Library, or Universal Library or Archive 1941 – 1946The First Application of Electric Punched Card Tabulating Equipment in Crystal Structure Analysis 1941 – November 25, 2013The Maltese Falcon Film Prop Sells for $4,085,000 1941The Process by Which Cells Make Available the Energy to Drive Their Manufacturing Processes April 6, 1941The Nazis Destroy the National Library of Serbia May 12, 1941Zuse's Z3: The First Turing-Complete Electromechanical Computer Circa June 1941Eckert and Mauchly Begin their Collaboration October 8, 1941Applying Electromechanical Calculating to Data Processing November 1941The "One Gene- One Enzyme" Hypothesis December 7, 1941Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor; U.S. Declares War on Japan 1942Communication Theory as a Statistical Problem 1942The Z4 1942Containing 2000 Vacuum Tubes and Weighing 100,000 Pounds 1942 – 1953The Library of Congress Catalogue 1942The Birth of Ecosystem Ecology March 1942Asimov's Three Laws of Robotics + the Zeroth Law August 1942High Speed Vacuum Tube Devices for Calculating August 1942"Waldo" : Imagining Remote Manipulators and TeleRobotics 1943Alan Turing Consults in New York 1943The First Complete Machine to Perform Arithmetic Electronically 1943Project Whirlwind Begins 1943The First Mathematical Model of a Neural Network 1943The First Computing Journal 1943 – 1948The First High-Level Non-Von Neumann Programming Language 1943Demonstration that Natural Selection Occurs in Bacteria January 1943The Harvard Mark 1 is Operational at IBM's Endicott Labs March 1943 – 1944"The Program has to Build the Machinery to Execute Itself" April 8, 1943The Proposal to Build the ENIAC May 31, 1943Promoting the Rumor that the ENIAC is a "White Elephant" September 1943Possibly the First Computer to Run Programs in the U.S. November 11, 1943Computer Prototype Damaged and Lost 1944The Theory of Games and Economic Behavior 1944Using Microforms to Conserve Library Space 1944Demonstration that DNA is Responsible for Bacterial Transformation January 1944The Colossus January 29, 1944Pres Eckert's First Writing on the Stored-Program Concept May 1944Aiken's Harvard Mark 1 is Operational at Harvard June 1, 1944The Colossus Mark II is Operational July 1944The ENIAC is Partly Operational September 1944The Beginning of John von Neumann's Interest in Electronic Computing September 27, 1944Eckert & Mauchly Claim Authorship of the ENIAC Design October 1944The U.S. Army Funds Development of the EDVAC October 1944Repeated Dispersal and Eventual Burning of the Greatest Library in Poland December 1944The Fastest Digital Calculators in the U.S. 1945Zuse's Z4 1945The Use of Telegraphy Peaks in the U.S. 1945 – 1949Communication Theory of Secrecy Systems 1945 – 1949The Hinman Collator 1945The Initial Interrogations of the Nazi Rocket Team and the First Publication Outside of Nazi Germany of Rocketry Research at Peenemunde East 1945An Antiquarian Bookseller Predicts an Alternative to the Printed Codex 1945"From Script to Print. An Introduction to Medieval Literature" February – March 1945Bombing of Dresden Destroys Books and Manuscripts April 27, 1945The Collapse of the Third Reich Circa May 1945The ENIAC is Operational May 8, 1945VE Day June 30, 1945Von Neumann Privately Circulates the First Theoretical Description of a Stored-Program Computer July 1945"As We May Think" September 1945The Illustrated Version of "As We May Think" September 2, 1945World War II Ends September 9, 1945The First Use of "Bug" in the Context of Computing September 30, 1945The First Engineering Report on the EDVAC Circa October 1945Turing's ACE Circa October 1945The First Mathematical Tables Calculated by a Programmed Automatic Computer October 1945Communication by Geosynchronous Satellites Predicted Circa November 1945Whirlwind Switches from Analog to Digital November 30, 1945The First Confidential Report on the Completed ENIAC 1946Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper Issue Some of the Earliest Published Examples of Computer Programs 1946Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) 1946 – 1953The First Working Phototypesetting Machine and the First Book it Typeset 1946 – 1956DuMont Television: The First Commercial Television Network 1946 – 1953The Macy Conferences 1946Discovery that Bacteria Share Genetic Information Through Bacterial Conjugation 1946Humphrey Bogart and Dorothy Malone in Probably the Most Famous Bookstore Scene in Movie History February 14, 1946The ENIAC Meets the Public March 1946Von Neumann Begins the Princeton IAS Computer Project March 15, 1946The World's First Electronic Computer Company is Founded June 1946Engineer Julian Bigelow Joins von Neumann and Goldstine June 1946 – March 1947The Williams Tube: The First Random-Access Memory June 28, 1946Ideas to be Incorporated into the Princeton IAS Design July 1946Max Newman Founds the Computer Laboratory at Manchester July 1946The First Speculation that Amino Acids are Determined by Nucleic Acids July 8 – 1946The Moore School Lectures Take Place July 15, 1946A Single Erasable High-Speed Memory September 1946The First Electronic Computer Company Receives its first Grant November 12, 1946A Soroban Beats an Electric Calculator 1947The ENIAC Becomes an Elementary Stored-Program Computer 1947EDVAC is Declassified 1947Couffignal Decides against Building a Stored-Program Computer 1947Design of the Whirlwind I Begins 1947The Earliest Work Leading toward Machine Translation 1947The First Phototypesetter 1947The Most Advanced Small Mechanical Calculator 1947 – 1956Discovery of the "Dead Sea Scrolls" 1947The Society of Archivists (England) is Founded 1947ILAB 1947Invention of Holography 1947Documentary Film on Letterpress Book Production 1947Probably the Oldest Interactive Electronic Game 1947One of the First Studies of Pattern Recognition 1947Vocational Film about the Printing Industry January 7 – January 10, 1947The First Large Conference on Electronic Computers February 20, 1947Digital Computers are "Practical Versions of the Universal Machine" February 21, 1947The First "Instant" Film Camera March 4 – May 9, 1947Warren Weaver Suggests Applying Cryptanalysis Techniques to Translation April 1947First Theoretical Discussion of Programming a Stored-Program Computer April 1947The First Published Photographs of the Earth Taken From Space April 8, 1947Eckert & Mauchly Receive Advice that von Neumann's "First Draft" Bars Patenting the ENIAC April 24, 1947The Earliest Document on Programming an Electronic Digital Computer May 24, 1947Naming UNIVAC Circa June 1947The von Neumann Architecture June 26, 1947Eckert & Mauchly Apply for a Patent on the Stored-Program Computer August 1947 – June 1949Developing Vannevar Bush's Rapid Selector, and How it Worked September 15, 1947Predecessor of the ACM October 1947Northrop Places the Contract for the BINAC October 31, 1947Patenting the Mercury Acoustic Delay-Line Electronic Memory Circa November 1947The First Brochure Advertising an Electronic Computer December 1947Origins of NLM's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) December 23, 1947Invention of the Point-Contact Transistor 1948Contract for Production of the UNIVAC 1948First Assemblage of Digital Electronics Replaceable as a Unit 1948Norbert Wiener Issues "Cybernetics", the First Widely Distributed Book on Electronic Computing 1948The First Magnetic Drum Memory 1948 – 1949The First Electronic Autonomous Robots: the Origin of Social Robotics 1948Columbia Records Introduces the First Long Playing Record (LP) 1948The Final Edition of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum is Published 1948The "Survivor's Talmud" Published by the U.S. Army 1948Sven Furberg First Proposes a Helical Structure for DNA January 1948The First Computer that Could Modify a Stored Program June 1948Cable Television is Introduced, First in the Mountains of Pennsylvania June 1948Milton Berle, "Mr. Television," Causes the Sale of TV Sets to Double June 21, 1948The First Operational Stored-Program Computer Runs its First Program July – August 1948"Intelligent Machinery" July – October 1948"A Mathematical Theory of Communication" September 1948Alan Turing, Chief Programmer September 9, 1948Innovations in the BINAC September 20, 1948Comparing the Functions of Genes to Self-Reproducing Automata 1949The Nyquist-Shannon Sampling Theorem 1949The First Popular Book on Electronic Computers 1949Grace Hopper Joins Eckert-Mauchly 1949The First Software to Allow a Computer to be Operated by a Keyboard 1949 – 1951Foundation of MIT's Lincoln Laboratory and SAGE 1949The First Xerographic Copier 1949The ABAA is Founded 1949Orwell's "Nineteen Eighty-Four" is Published 1949Classic of the Environmental Movement 1949 – 1951Transposing a System from Commercial and Statistical Uses to the Sorting of Words in a Literary Text: The Origins of Humanities Computing 1949Discovery of the Sex Chromatin: Beginning of Cytogenetics 1949The Hebb Synapse 1949The First Electronic Computer Manual, for the First Electronic Digital Computer Ever Sold February 1949First Program Run on the First Stored-Program Electronic Computer in the U.S. March 15 – March 21, 1949Among the Earliest Extant Programs for a Stored-Program Computer April 1949One of the Earliest Attempts at Automating Information Retrieval May 6, 1949The First Easily Used Fully Functional Stored-Program Computer to Run a Program Circa June 1949The First High-Level Programming Language June 1949 – 1952"The Key to the Whole Double Helix Story" Before Watson & Crick June 9, 1949The Differences between Computers and the Human Brain July 15, 1949The Origin of Statistical Machine Translation August 22, 1949The First Press Release Ever Issued for the Sale on an Electronic Computer November 1949The First Stored-Program Computer in Australia November 1949The Beginning of the Molecular Approach to Disease December 1949Proof that a Program Could Reproduce Itself December 7, 1949Enciclopedia Mecanica, Forerunner of the Electronic Book 1950Alan Turing Describes The Turing Test 1950The First Weather Forecast by Electronic Computer 1950The First Textbook on How to Build an Electronic Computer 1950 – 1951The First Treatise on Software for an Operational Stored-Program Computer 1950Compiling a Bibliography by Electric Punched Card Tabulating 1950The Hamming Codes 195011,638 New Books Are Published in the U.K. 1950The Whirlwind is in Limited Operation 1950After 1954 More News Was Distributed Electronically than on Paper 1950 – 1954The First Supercomputer 1950The Bic Pen 1950Archival Records Include "Machine-Readable Materials" 1950Coining the Expression, Information Retrieval 1950Schmieder's Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis 1950 – 1953The Earliest Pioneer in Electronic Art 1950"Chargaff's Rules" 1950"Newspaper Story": a Film About Newspaper Production January 23, 1950"Can Man Build a Superman?" February 1950
Early Diners' Club card.
The First Credit Card
February 6, 1950Eckert-Mauchly is Sold to Remington Rand March 1950The First Technical Paper on Computer Chess May – November 1950Simon, the First Personal Computer November 6, 1950 – 1951The First Russian Stored-Program Computer