In July 1973 Records, Computers, and the Rights of Citizens was published. This was the report of the Advisory Committee on Automated Personal Data Systems appointed by Elliot L. Richardson, secretary of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare. The report explored the impact of computerized record keeping on individuals, and recommended a Code of Fair Information Prractice, consisting of five basic principles:
1."There must be no data record-keeping systems whose very existence is secret."
2."There must be a way for an individual to find out what information about him is in a record and how it is used."
3."There must be a way for an individual to prevent information about him obtained for one purpose from being used or made available for other purposes without his consent."
4. "There must be a way for an individual to correct or amend a record of identifiable information about him."
5. "Any organization creating, maintaining, using or disseminating records of identifiable personal data must assure the reliability of the data for their intended use and must take reasonable precautions to prevent misuse of the data."