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A: Jerusalem, Jerusalem District, Israel

Disappearance of the Ark of the Covenant and the Ten Commandments

535 BCE
<p><em>Joshua passing the River Jordan with the Ark of the Covenant. </em>Oil painting&nbsp;by&nbsp;<a title="Benjamin West" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_West">Benjamin West</a>, 1800</p>

Joshua passing the River Jordan with the Ark of the Covenant. Oil painting by Benjamin West, 1800

Having taken 4 months to walk from Babylon to Jerusalem, the Jews began construction of the Second Temple. Missing from the Second Temple was the Ark of the Covenant which, according to legend, contained the Ten Commandments. The loss eventually resulted in extensive speculations concerning the Ark's disappearance and archaeological efforts to locate the Ark. Some of these efforts were caricatured in: 

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