Detail map of Isle of Iona, Scotland, United Kingdom,Whitby, England, United Kingdom Overview map of Isle of Iona, Scotland, United Kingdom,Whitby, England, United Kingdom

A: Isle of Iona, Scotland, United Kingdom, B: Whitby, England, United Kingdom

King Oswiu Causes Britain to Embrace the Mainstream of Christianity

664 CE
A replica of the Sutton Hoo helmet produced for the British Museum by the Royal Armouries
A replica of the Sutton Hoo helmet produced for the British Museum by the Royal Armouries.
Sutton Hoo, at Sutton near Woodbridge, in Suffolk, England, is the site of two early medieval cemeteries, from the 6th to 7th centuries.

 

At the Synod of Whitby held at St. Hild's monastery in Whitby, England, to resolve disputes between the "Roman" church founded by Augustine and the "Celtic" church founded by Columba, King Oswiu of Northumbia decided in favor of the Roman church, ruling that his kingdom would calculate Easter and observe the monastic tonsure according to the customs of Rome, rather than the customs practiced by Iona and its satellite institutions. This decision caused Britain to embrace the mainstream of Christianity.

Oswiu was an aggressive military commander. He died in battle against Penda of Mercia at the Battle of Maserfield, dated by Bede to 5 August 642.

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