A: Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
By the thirteenth century the production of books moved from the exclusive province of monastic scriptoria to civilian professional scribes in cities, especially around universities. 139 professional scribes, including two women, are known to have worked in Bologna, Italy, site of the University of Bologna, from 1265-68.
Bischoff, Latin Palaeography: Antiquity and Middle Ages  224, note no. 4.