Detail map of Peoria, Illinois, United States Overview map of Peoria, Illinois, United States

A: Peoria, Illinois, United States

Stephen Alfred Forbes Founds Aquatic Ecosystem Science


In 1887 Stephen Alfred Forbes, State Entomologist of Illinois and Professor of Zoology and Entomology at Illinois State University, published "The Lake as a Microcosm" in the Bulletin of the Scientific Association of Peoria, Illinois (1887) 77-87. A pioneer of aquatic ecosystem science, Forbes was the first to apply ecological principles to limnology. He emphasized population regulation and the dynamic nature of the community.

Timeline Themes