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A: Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate, Iraq

One of the Oldest Known Ancient Mesopotamian Medical Texts

Circa 2500 to 2340 BCE
<p>Medical tablet, Iraq, Nippur, c. 2500-2340 BCE. Penn Museum No. B14221.</p>

Medical tablet, Iraq, Nippur, c. 2500-2340 BCE. Penn Museum No. B14221.

One of the oldest known ancient Mesopotamian medical texts is a collection of 15 prescriptions, written in Sumerian, on a clay tablet, which dates from the Ur III period, or Sumerian Renaissance. It was excavated at the site of the ancient city of Nippur in Mesopotamia (modern Iraq), and is preserved in the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology (https://www.penn.museum/collections/object/218008).

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