A: Paris, Île-de-France, France
The First Settlements in the Paris Basin
Circa 4200 BCE
Balloy, Paris Basin. Plan of the central part of the settlement with long houses of the Villeneuve-Saint-Germain culture superimposed by graves and long barrows of the Cerny culture. (Click on image to view larger.)
The earliest surviving signs of permanent neolithic settlement in the Paris basin, known as the La culture de Cerny, date from approximately 4200 BCE. Cerny culture is characterized by monumental earth mounds.