Portrait of a Man in a Turban by Jan van Eyck.

Portrait of a Man in a Turban by Jan van Eyck.

Detail map of Paris, Île-de-France, France,London, England, United Kingdom Overview map of Paris, Île-de-France, France,London, England, United Kingdom

A: Paris, Île-de-France, France, B: London, England, United Kingdom

Jean Fouquet Paints the Earliest Portrait Miniature and Possibly the Earliest Formal Self-Portrait

1452 to 1455
<p>The self-portrait miniature painted by Jean Fouquet.</p>

The self-portrait miniature painted by Jean Fouquet.

In 1452 or 1453 French panel painter and manuscript illuminator Jean (or Jehan) Fouquet painted the first portrait miniature, a circular self-portrait, preserved in the Louvre. 

Fouquet's self-portrait miniature might be the earliest sole self-portrait surviving in Western art. However, most art historians believe that Jan van Eyck's painting known as Portrait of a Man with a Turban, painted about twenty years earlier in 1433, and preserved in the National Gallery, London, is a self-portrait.

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