In 1939 British physicist, x-ray crystallographer, molecular biologist, historian and sociologist of science John Desmond Bernal published The Social Function of Science in London. This pioneering sociological study work contained two large folding information graphics. The first was one of the first attempts at a "map of science." It divided science into physical, biological, and social sectors and distinguished between fundamental and technical research.
Börner, Atlas of Science: Visualizing What We Know (2010) 11.