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James Powers Invents a Mechanical Punched-Card Tabulating System, Origins of Remington Rand

1911
<p><span style="font-size: small;">Powers Automatic Punching Machine,&nbsp;Census Model.&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: small;">Three hundred of these were used in the compilation of the 1910 census.</span></p>
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Powers Automatic Punching Machine, Census Model. Three hundred of these were used in the compilation of the 1910 census.

 

In 1911 Russian-born James Powers, an engineer hired by the U.S. Census Bureau in 1907 to help the government avoid what were perceived as excessive charges by Herman Hollerith's Tabulating Machine Company, managed to avoid patent infringement, and created a faster, cheaper electric punched card tabulating machine that was compatible with Hollerith's punched card format. Powers then formed a corporation in Newark, New Jersey to manufacture and sell his device. Originally known as the Powers Tabulating Machine Company, the company changed its name to Powers Accounting Machine Company in order to target a wider market.  

In 1927 Powers' company was merged with the Remington Typewriter Company and Rand Kardex to form Remington Rand.

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