At the University of Melbourne in November 1949 the first test program was run on Trevor Pearcey's and Maston Beard’s CSIR (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research) Mk1, the first stored-program computer in Australia. In 1956 the machine was renamed CSIRAC (Commonweatlh Scientific and Industrial Research Automatic Computer)
Excluding the BINAC, which only operated for a short time, the CSIR Mk1 was one of only three stored-program computers operating in the world at this time. CSIRAC, preserved at the Melbourne Museum, is the only intact first-generation electronic computers that survived. Other very early surviving machines include the Zuse Z4, and one or two Ferranti Pegasus computers.