[ek go]dagastiz runo faihido inscription on the 4th century "Einang stone"[14] Translates as "I, Go]dagasti painted the rune"
Detail of the Einang stone with the inscription: "[ek go]dagastiz runo faihido"
Detail map of Slidre, Innlandet, Norway Overview map of Slidre, Innlandet, Norway

A: Slidre, Innlandet, Norway

The Einang stone, the Oldest Runestone in its Original Location, and the Earliest Inscription to Mention the Word Rune

Circa 350 CE
The full Einang stone as preserved in its glass-walled shelter
The full Einang stone as preserved in its glass-walled shelter.

A runestone  located east of the Einang Sound near Fagernes, in OpplandNorway, the Eingang stone is notable for the early age of its runic inscription. It is is located within the extensive Gardberg site, placed on a grave mound on a ridge overlooking the Valdres valley. There are several other grave mounds nearby. 

"The Einang stone bears an Elder Futhark inscription in Proto-Norse that has been dated to the 4th century. It is the oldest runestone still standing at its original location, and it may be the earliest inscription to mention the word runo 'rune'. Here the word appears in the singular. Additionally, the verb used in the inscription for the act of inscribing is faihido, which literally means 'painted'.[1] This may mean that the inscription was originally highlighted with paint.[2]

"The generally accepted reading of the inscription was proposed by Erik Moltke in 1938.[2] He conjectured that there had been four runes in the original inscription, before the first rune which is visible today. The reading is:

(Ek go)ðagastiz runo faihido

"Which translates as:

(I, Go)dguest painted/wrote this runic inscription.[2]

"As the stone is placed on a grave mound, it is natural to interpret it as a tombstone. Why the inscription does not name the buried person, but only the carver of the runes, remains an open question." (Wikipedia article on Einang stone, accessed 9-2020).

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