In 1931 IBM of Endicott, New York began manufacture of the 601 multiplying punch.
"It read two factors up to eight decimal digits in length from a card and punched their product onto a blank field of the same card. It could subtract and add as well as multiply. It had no printing capacity, so was generally used as an offline assistant for a tabulator or accounting machine."
The 601 that was delivered to W. J. Eckert's lab at the Thomas J. Watson Astronomical Computing Bureau at Columbia University in 1933 was a special model "capable of doing direct interpolation, a very unusual feature, especially designed for Eckert by one of IBM's top engineers at Endicott [NY. "Eckert went a step further by connecting the 601 to a Type 285 Tabulator and a Type 016 Duplicating Punch through a calculation control switch of his own design, forming the first machine to perform complex scientific computations automatically" (http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/601.html, accessed 9-2020).